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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Genome
Cell's genetic information
Somatic Cells
Body Cells
Diploid
full set of chromosomes (2n)
Haploid
half of the chromosomes(n)
Gametes
reproductive cells; sperm and egg cells
chromosomes
DNA molecules
Chromatin
DNA- Protein complex; uncondensed
Chromatids
replicated strants of a chromosome
Centromere
harrowing "waist" of sister chromatids
Mitosis
cell-division
Cytokinesis
cytoplasm division
Meiosis
gamete cell division; to make sex cells, reduces diploid to haploid
The Cell Cycle;

1. Interphase
- 90% of the cell cycle
- G1 = growth phase
- S phase = synthesis of DNA
- G2 phase = preparation for cell division
The Cell Cycle;

2. Mitotic phase
- mitosis = nuclear division
- cytokinesis = cytoplasm division
- - Mitosis - -
-prophase
-prometaphase
-metaphase
-anaphase
-telophase
The Cell Cycle;

3. Prophase
- Chromosomes visible
- Nucleoli disapears
=Nucleoli ~> makes ribosomes
- Sister chromatids
- Mitotic spindle forms
- Centrosomes move