Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/177

Click to flip

177 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
In the thoracic cavity cradled betweedn the lungs, just behind the sternum
mediastinum
The area of the chest covering the heart
precordium
Pertaining to relieving pain; a medication that relieves pain
analgesic
A surgical joining or two ducts. blood vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to the other
anastomosis
Localized dilation of a weakened area of the wall of an artery. The weakened area balloons out with every pulsation of the artery.
aneurysm
Surgical removal of the sac of an aneurysm
aneurysmectomy
Deviation from normal; birth defect
anomaly
Lack of or loss of appetite, resulting in the inability to eat
anorexia
Joint pain
arthralgia
An abnormal collection of fluid within the peritoneal cavity.
ascites
A form of ateriosclerosis characterized by fatty deposits building up within the inner layers of the walls of larger arteries.
atherosclerosis
Noncancerous; not progressive
benign
An abnormal sound or murmur heard when listening to a carotid artery, organ, gland with a stethoscope
bruit
Inflammation of the heart muscle
carditis
Cramplike pains in the calves of the legs caused by poor circulation to the muscles of the legs
claudication
One of a pair of arteries that branch from the aorta
coronary artery
Any one of teh small flaps on the valves of the heart
cusp
A fluid accumulation in the tissues influenced by gravity; usually greater in lower extremities than in the tissue levels above the level of the heart
dependent edema
The period of relaxation of the heart
diastole
Abnormal rhythm
dysrhythmia
The localized or generalized collection of fluid within the body tissue, causing the area to swell
edema
Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart
endocarditis
The inner layer of the pericardium, which is the double-folded membrane that encloses the heart
epicardium
Enlargement of the liver
hepatomegaly
Pain felt in the calf of the leg, or behind the knee, when the examiner is purposely dorsiflexing the foot
Homan's sign
An excessive level of fats in the blood
hyperlipidemia
Elevated blood pressure persistently higher than 140/90 mmHg; high blood pressure
hypertension
Low blood pressure
Hypotension
A localized area of necrosis in tissue, a vessel, an organ, or a part resulting from lack of oxygen due to interrupted blood flow to that area
infarction
Decreased supply of oxygenated bloos to a body part or organ
ischemia
A wound, injury, or any pathological change in body tissue
lesion
Any group of fats or fatlike substances found in the blood
lipid
A cavity or the channel within any organ or structure of the body; the space within an artery, vein, instestine, or tube
lumen
a vague feeling of body weakness or discomfort
malaise
the area between the lungs in the chest cavity that contains the heart, aorta, trachea, esophagus, and bronchi
mediastinum
A low-pitched humming or fluttering sound heard on ausculatation
murmur
The middle, muscular layer of the heart
myocardium
urination at night
nocturia
Closure, or state of being closed
occlusion
An abnormal condition in which a person sits up straight or stands up to breathe comfortably
orthopnea
An electric apparatus used for maintaining a normal heart rhythm by electrically stimulating the heart muscle to contract
pacemaker
The SA node of the heart located in the right atrium that is responsible for initiating the hearbeat
pacemaker
Detectable by touch
palpable
A pounding or racing of the heart, associated with normal emotional responses or with heart disorders
palpitation
Pertaining the the pericardium
pericardial
The double membranous sac that encloses the heart and the origins of the great blood vessels
pericardium
Small, purplish, hemorragic spots on the skin
petechiae
Swelling, usually of the skin of the extremities, that when pressed firmly with a finger will maintain the dent
pitting edema
An agent that protects against disease
prophylactic
One of a pair of arteries that transports deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs for oxygenation
pulomary artery
The circulation of deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs for oxygenation and back to the left atrium of the heart
pulomary circulation
One of 4 large veins that returns oxygenated blood from the lungs back to the left atrium of the heart
pulmonary vein
Sinoatrial node; pacemaker of the heart
SA Node
A wall, or partition, that divides or separates 2 cavities.
septum
A hypersensitivity reaction that may occur 2 to 3 weeks after the administration of an antiserum
serum sickness
A form of chorea associated with rheumatic fever, usually occurring in childhood
Sydenham's chorea
The circulation of blood from the left ventricale of the heart, through out the body, and back to the right atrium of the heart
systemic circulation
The contraction phase of the heartbeat forcing blood into the aorta and the pulmonary arteries
systole
The formation or existence of a blood clot
thrombosis
Narrowing of the lumen of a blood vessel
vasoconstriction
An abnormal growth of tissue around a valve
vegetation
aneurysm/o
aneurysm
angi/o
vessel
arter/o; arteri/o
artery
arteriol/o
arteriole
ather/o
fatty
cardi/o
heart
coron/o
heart
echo-
sound
electr/o
electrical, electricity
endo-
within
-graphy
process of recording
megal/o
enlarged
my/o
muscle
ventricul/o
ventricle of the heart or brain
a feeling of apprehension, worry, uneasiness, or dread, especially of the future
anxiety
A slow heart rate
bradycardia
A feeling of discomfort in the chest area
chest pain
Slightly bluish, grayish, slatelike, or dark discoloration of the skin
cyanosis
Air hunger resulting in labored or difficult breathing
dyspnea
a feeling of apprehension, worry, uneasiness, or dread, especially of the future
anxiety
A slow heart rate
bradycardia
a feeling of apprehension, worry, uneasiness, or dread, especially of the future
anxiety
A feeling of discomfort in the chest area
chest pain
A slow heart rate
bradycardia
Slightly bluish, grayish, slatelike, or dark discoloration of the skin
cyanosis
A feeling of discomfort in the chest area
chest pain
Air hunger resulting in labored or difficult breathing
dyspnea
Slightly bluish, grayish, slatelike, or dark discoloration of the skin
cyanosis
Air hunger resulting in labored or difficult breathing
dyspnea
A feeling of tiredness or weariness resulting from continued activity or a side-effect of a psycotropic drug
fatigue
Elevation of temperature above the normal
fever
A diffuse pain in different portions of the head and not confined to any nerve distribution area
headache
Unpleasant sensation usually preceding vomiting
nausea
Lack of color; paleness
pallor
Rapid, violent, or throbbing pulsation, as an abnormally rapid throbbing or fluttering of the heart
palpitation
Perspiration
sweat
Abnormal, rapid heart beat
tachycardia
Ejection through the mouth of the gastric contents
vomiting
Lacking physical strength or vigor
weakness
The narrowing of the coronary arteries to the extent that adequate blood supply to the myocardium is prevented
coronary artery disease
Nonsurgical procedure in which a catheter, equipped with a small inflatable balloon on the end, is inserted into the femoral artery and is threaded up the aorta into the narrowed coronary artery
percutaneous translumial coronary angioplasty
A catheter which has a small mechanically driven cutter that shaves the plaque and stores it in a collection chamber
directional coronary atherectomy
Severe pain and constriction about the heart usually radiating to the left shoulder and down the left arm, creating a feeling of pressure in the anterior chest
angina pectoris
Heart attack; condition caused by the occlusion of one or more of the coronary arteries
myocardial infarction
Condition characterized by weakness, breathlessness, abdominal discomfort; edema in lower body; pumping ability of heart is progressively impaired to the point of heart failure
congestive heart failure
Inflammation of the membrane lining of the valves and chambers of the heart
endocarditis
Inflammation of the pericardium
pericarditis
Inflammation of the myocardium
myocarditis
An inflammatory disease that may develop as a delayed reaction to insufficiently treated Group A beta-hemolytic streptococcal infection of the upper respiratory tract
rheumatic fever
Long term hypertension
hypertensive heart disease
The drooping of one or both cusps of the mitral valve back into the left atrium during ventricular systole, resulting in incomplete closure of the valve and mitral insufficiency
mitral valve prolapse
Inflammation of a vein associated with the formation of a thrombus (clot)
thrombophlebitis
Enlarged, superficial veins; a twisted, dilated vein with incometent valves
varicose veins
A form of treatment that involves the injection of a chemical irritant into the varicosed vein
sclerotherapy
Surgical procedure that consists of ligation of the saphenous vein.
vein stripping
Accounts for 90% of all hypertensions
Essential hypertension
Accounts for 10% of all hypertension
Secondary hypertension
Hypertension that is severe and rapidly progressive
Malignant hypertension
Intermittent attacks of vasoconstriction of the arterioles, causing pallor of the fingers or toes, followed by cyanosis, then redness, before returning to normal color
Raynaud's phenomenon
Obsruction of the arteries in the estremities
peripheral arterial occlusive disease
A congenital heart anomoly that consists of 4 defects
tetralogy of Fallot
An abnormal opening between the pulmonary artery and aorta; seen primarily in premature infants
patent ductus arteriosus
Congenital heart defect characterized by a localized narrowing of the aorta; causes increased BP in upper extremities and decreased BP in lower extremities
coarctation of the aorta
A condition in which the two major arteries of the heart are reversed in position
transposition of the great vessels
An interference with teh normal condution of electric impulses that control the activity of the heart muscle
hear block (AV)
Condition in which the contractions of the atria become extremely rapid
atrial flutter
Extremely rapid, incomplete contractions of the atria in disorganized and uncoordinated twitching of the atria
atrial fibrillation
Condition which results in rapid, tremulous and ineffectual contractions of the ventricles
ventricular fibrillation
X-ray visualation of the internal anatomy of the heart and blood vessels after use of a contrast medium that promotes imaging
angiography
Tests performed on a sample of blood obtained by venipuncture to determine the presence of damage to the myocardial muslce
cardiac enzyme test
Diagnostic X-ray technique that uses ionizing radiation to produce a cross-sectional image of the body
computed axial tomography (CAT)
Diagnostic procedure for studying the structure and motion of the heart
echocardiography
graphic record of the electrical action of the heart as reflected from various angles to the surface of the skin
electrocardiogram
A means of assessing cardiac functions by subjecting patient to carefully controlled amounts of physical stress
exercise stress testing
A small, portable monitory device that makes prolonged electrocardiograph recording on a portable tape recorder
Holter monitoring
The use of a strong magnetic field and radiofrequency waves to produce imaging that is valuable in providing images of the heart, lge blood vessels, brain, soft tissue
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Computerized x-ray technique that uses radio substances to examine the blood flow and the metabolic activity of various body structures, such as the heart and blood vessels
positron emission tomography (PET)
Measures teh amount of fatty substances in a sample of blood obtained by venipuncture
serum lipid test
AMI
acute myocardial infarction
AS
aortic stenosis
ASD
atrial septal defect
ASHD
arteriosclerotic heart disease
AV
atrioventricular
BBB
bundle branch block
BP
blood pressure
CABG
coronary artery bypass graft
CAD
coronary artery disease
Cath
catheterization
CC
cardiac catheterization
CCU
coronary care unit
CHD
coronary heart disease
CHF
congestive heart disease
CPR
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CT or CAT scan
computed axial tomography
CVD
cardiovascular disease
DOE
dyspnea on exertion
DVT
deep vein thrombosis
ECG
electrocardiogram
ECHO
echocardiogram
EKG
electrocardiogram
HCVD
hypertensive cardiovascular disease
HDL
high-density lipoprotein
LDL
low-density lipoprotein
MI
myocardial infarction
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
MS
mitral stenosis
MVP
mitral valve prolapse
PACs
premature atrial contractions
PAT
parosysmal atrial tachycardia
PDA
patent ductus arteriosus
PET
positron emission tomography
PTCA
perutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PVCs
premature ventricular contractions
SA
sinoatrial
VSD
ventricular septal defect
VT
ventricular tachycardia