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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
pericardium
a sac made of a double mebrane that encloses the heart
pericarditis
inflammation of the pericardium
endocardium
memrane which forms the lining inside the heart
myocardium
the heart muscle itself
cardiomyopathy
primary disease of heart muscle itself
hypertension
high blood pressure
hypotension
low blood pressure
angia pectoris
severe chest pain and constriction about the heart, caused by an insufficient supply of blood to the heart
arrhythmia
loss of rythm or the heartbeat
cardiomegaly
enlarged size of the heart
congenital heart defects
abnormalities present in the heart at birth (congenital means existing at birth)
congestive heart failure
weakness,breathlessness, and edema (swelling caused by excessive fluid)
coronary artery disease
reduced blood flow to the myocardium
fibrillation
heart contractions are too rapid and uncoordinated for effect8ive blood circulation
defibrillator
electronic device that delivers shock to the heart
heart failure
failure of the heart to pump the blood effectiveky and maintain adequate circulation
heart murmur
soft blowing or rasping sound
hyperlipidemia
excessive lipids in the blood
infraction
formation of a localized area of tissue that undergoes necrosis following lack of blood supply (death of tissue)
occlusion
obstruction
stenosis
narrowing
myocardial infraction
the death of an area of the heart muscle
myocardial ischemia
deficiency of blood supply to the myocardium
ischemia
temporary deficiency of plood supply to any body part
shock
blood flow to the heart is reduced to the extent that body tissues do not recieve enough blood