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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what is the corpus callosum?
a nerve tract that joisn the 2 cerebral hemispheres
where is the corpus callosum located?
directly above the thalamus
what is the cerebrum
largest and most highly developed part of the brain that stores sensory information and initiates voluntary motor activites
where is the cerebrum located
the forebrain
what are the olfactory lobes
the areas of the brain that detect smell
where are the olfactory lobes located
the forebrain
what is the funtion of the temporal lobe
interpretation of sound, storage of audio and visual experiences
what is the function of the occipital lobe
integrates movements in focusing the eye, correlates visual images with previous visual experiences and other sensory stimuli
what is the function of the frontal lobe
voluntary motor control of skeletal muscles, personality, higher intellectual processes, verbal communication
what is the function of the parietal lobe
understanding speech and formulating words, interpretation of textures and shapes, sensory area associated with touch and temperature awareness
what does the cerebral cortex look like
grey heavily convuluted matter
what are the 4 lobes of the cerebral cortex
frontal lobe, temporal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe
what is the arachnoid mater
delicate weblike membrane between the dure and PIA maters. Provides a cavity to cushion cerebral spinal fluid
what is the PIA mater
provides support for vessels serving the CNS. specialized are of the PIA mater and clood vessels called choroid plexuses produce cerebralspinal fluid
what is the hypothalamus
connects brain to pituitary. communicates using hormones to pituitary. emotional and intictual functions. links nervous and endocrine system. regulates cardiovascular, body temp, electrolyte balance, appetite, sleep, sexual response
where is the hypothalamus located
below the thalamus
what is the function of the cerebellum
2 hemispheres that coordinate muscles movement and allow communication between the 2 hemispheres of the brain
where is the cerebellum located
beside the pons
what is the funtion of the medulla oblongata
contains areas which control respiration, heart, vasoconstriction
where is the medulla oblongata located
is a continuation of the upper position of the spinal chord
the right side of the brain is associated with________.
visual patterns or spatial awareness
the left side of the brain is associated with________.
verbal skills
what are the meninges
3 protective membranes that cover the CNS
what is the dura mater
outermost meninge. provides resistance to pathogen entry and prevents leakage of cerebral spinal fluid. attached to the cranial bones
what is the pons
region of the brain that acts as a relay station by sending nerve messages between the cerebellum and the medulla
where is the pons located
above the medulla oblongate and next to the cerebellum
the surface of the cerebrum is called the ___________.
cerebral cortex
what are fissures?
deep folds on the cortex which help to increase surface area
what is the thalamus
a mass of grey matter that responds to pain and is a relay center for sensory impulses (except smell). activates autonomic responses of the body to intense pain and is partially responsible for shock
where is the thalamus located
above the pons and midbrain and below the corpus callosum