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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
any work of literature, written or oral, that tells a story
the cause of the behavior
make intelligent guesses
Levirate marriage
a Hebrews custom: the brother or a close male relative of the dead husband is obliged to marry the widow if the husband has left no son to be his heir. The first born son of this second marriage is raised in the dead husband's name and is considered his legal heir.
beg; plead with
brought suffering upon
family; relatives
repay; reward
satisfied; had a need met
scold; express disapproval
Moral of the Story
Despite being an outsider, Ruth goes to Israel and ultimately marries Boaz, a relative of her husband. The story emphasizes compassion toward outsiders who accept the Jewish faith.
that is, Bethlehem in Judah. Judah was a region in southern Palestine that eventually become a kingdom rivaling Israel to the north.
natives of Bethlehem, once known as Ephrath; members of the clan of Ephrah.
Clave unto
clung to; was faithful to
alternative spelling of aught, meaning anything
Naomi ... Mara
Naomi means “pleasantness” or “my pleasant one” in Hebrew; Mara means “bitterness” or “the bitter one”
Glean ... Grace
according to biblical law, the poor were entitled to glean in the fields – to gather any grain left or dropped by the reapers. The corners of the fields were also left for the poor to reap
amount slightly greater than a bushel
Seek rest for thee
seek a husband. Naomi wants to fulfill the duty of a parent to arrange a marriage for a child
Spread therefore thy skirt
formal act of betrothal
Thou follwedst not young men
Boaz, who is much older than Ruth, is praising Ruth for her willingness to fulfill the levirate marriage obligation by marrying him even though he is old
Lest I mar mine own inheritance
that is, by spending money on property that will go to the son legally regarded as Mahlon's rather than to his own son
Like Rachel and like Leah
two sisters who were Jacob's wives. Their sons were among the twelve sons of Jacob, founders of the twelve tribes of Israel
Pharez ... Judah
Judah was the fourth son of Jacob and leah. After his daughter-in-law Tamar had twice been left a childless widow after two of his sons died, she tricked Judah into becoming the father of her twin sons, Pharez and Zarah.
Son born to Naomi
not literally, but rather a son in the sense of a legal heir to both her husband and her son. Some biblical scholars suggest that the child may have been legally regarded as Naomi's.
What did you infer about Ruth's motivation for leaving her people and devoting herself to Naomi? List the details that led to your inferences.
If the relathionship between Ruth and Boaz is truly a love story, what attitudes toward love and marriage does it express?
From this narrative we learn that David, the greatest king of Israel, is descended from Ruth. What is ironic, or unexpected about this detail?
Is the Book of Ruth a more fully developed narrative than the stories from Genesis? Can it be considered a short story? Analyze such elements as plot, character, setting, and theme.
Ruth promises to follow naomi. Naomi is Ruth's mother -in-law
Ruth promises to follow Naomi, who is Ruth's mother-in-law.
Naomi's husband dies. He leaves her with two sons.
When Naomi's husband dies, he leaves her with two sons
Naomi's sons, Mahlon and Chilion, die ten years later. She suffers another tragedy.
Naomi plans to return to her home. Naomi is from the land of Bethlehem.
Naomi does not expect Ruth and Orpah to stay with her. They can seek help from their own families.
Orpah returns to her family. Ruth makes a promise. She will keep this promise for the rest of her life.
the repetition of words, phrases, or sentences that are grammatically similar or that compare or contrast ideas.
infants who are still being nursed
put down; silence
decreed; called into being
lack the necessities of life
Anointest ... oil
it was Hebrew custom to show respect or hospitality toward a man by pouring oil on his head, since his hair and beard might be dusty from the roads or fields.
the Jewish homeland; also, the hill in Jerusalem on which the temple was built
country south of the Dead Sea
In Psalm 8, how does the poet answer the question “What is man, that thou art mindful of him?”
How would you describe the poet's tone, or attitude toward his subject, in Psalm 23? What image do you think is most effective in conveying this tone?
In Psalm 121, what do “keep” and “keeper” suggest about human relathionships with God?
Identify the line of Psalm 137 where the mood, or emotional atmosphere, changes sharply. Describe this shift. How did the final line of the psalm affect you?
Each of the psalms you've just read contains many examples of parallelism, places where words, phrases, and sentence structures are repeated or an idea is restated. Find at least one example of parallelsim in each psam. The, described the effect this kind of repetition produces, especially in an oral reading.