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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Catalog
lists all the books, periodicals, and other resources owned by the library
Abstract
not the full article but a summary instead
Call number
where to find the specific book or entry in a library
Reference work
puts a wealth of information at your fingertips much easier than a regular bit of research would
Periodical database
allow you to locate magazine or journal articles
General Encyclopedia
seek to provide accurate, objective information about all branches of human knowledge
Special encyclopedia
cover their fields much more in depth than do general encyclopedias
Sponsoring organization
an organization that, in the absence of a clearly identified author, is responsible for the content of a document on the Internet
yearbook
A reference work published anually that contains information about the previous year
Research interview
an interview conducted to gather info for a speech
Biographical aid
a reference work that provides info about people
Virtual library
a search engine that combines Internet technology with traditional library methods of catalogueing and accessing info
Preliminary bibliography
a list compiled early in the research process of works that looks as if they might contain helpful info about a speech topic
Supporting materials
the materials used to support a speaker's ideas. The three major kinds are examples, stats, and testimony
Example
a specific case used to illustrate or to represent a group of people, ideas, conditions, experiences, or the like
Brief example
A specific case referred to in passing to illlustrate a point
Extended example
A story, narrative, or anecdote developed at some length to illustrate a point
Hypothetical example
an example that describes an imaginery or fictitious situation
Statistics
Numerical data
Mean
the average value of a group of numbers
Median
The middle number in a group of numbers arranged from highest to lowest
Mode
The number that occurs most frequently in a group of numbers
Testimony
Quotations or paraphrases used to support a point
Expert testimony
testimony from people who are recognized experts in their fields
Peer testimony
Testimony from ordinary people with firsthand experiences or insight on a topic
Direct quotation
testimony that is presented word for word
Paraphrase
to restate or summarize a source's idea in one's own words
Quoting out of context
Quoting a statement in such a way to distort its meaning by removing the statement from the words and phrases surrounding it
Strategic organization
putting a speech together in a particular way to achieve a particular result with a particular audience
Main points
the major points developed in the body of a speech,. Most speeches contain 2-5
Chronological order
a method of speech organization in which the main points follow a time pattern
Spatial order
a method of speech organization in which the main points follow a directional pattern
Causal order
A method of speech organization in which the main points show a cause-effect relationship
Problem-solution order
a method of speech organization in which the first main point deals with the existence of a problem and the second point presents the solution
Topical order
a method of speech organization in which the main points divide the topic into logical and consistent subtopics
Connective
a word or phrase that connects the ideas of a speech and indicates the relationship between them
Transition
A word of phrase that indicates when a speaker has finished one thought and is moving onto another
Internal preview
A statement in the body of the speech that lets the audience know what the speaker is going to discuss next
Internal summary
A statement in the body of a speech that summarizes the speaker's preceding point or points
Signpost
A very brief statement that indicates where a speaker is in the speech or that focuses attention on key ideas
Rhetorical question
a question that the audience answers mentally rather than out loud
Credibility
The audience's perception of whether a speaker is qualified to speak on a given topic
Goodwill
The audience's perception of whether the speaker has the best interests of the audience in mind
Preview statement
a statement in the introduction of a speech that identifies the main points to be discussed in the body
Crescendo ending
a conclusion in which the speech builds to a zenith of power and intensity
Dissolve ending
a conclusion that generates emotional appeal by fading step by step to a dramatic final statement
Preparation outline
a detailed outline developed during the process of speech preparation that includes the title, specific purpose, central idea, introduction, main points, subpoints, connectives, conclusion, and bibliography of a speech
Visual framework
The pattern of symbolization and indentation in a speech outline that shows the relationship among the speaker's ideas
Bibliography
A list of all the sources used in preparing a speech
Speaking Outline
A brief outline used to jog a speaker's memory during the presentation of a speech
Delivery cues
Directions in a speaking outline to help the speaker remember how he or she wants to deliver key parts of a speech