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29 Cards in this Set

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Imperalism
The takeingover of a country or territory by a stonger nation with the intent of dominating the politica,economic,and social life of the people of that nation.
racism
the idea that one race is superior to others.
Social Darwinism
The application of Charles Darwin's ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies-particularly as justification for imperialist expansion.
Berlin Conference 1884-85
14 European nations met here to lay down rules for the division of Africa.
Shaka
A Zulu chief. He used highly disciplined warriors and good military organization to create a large centralized state.
Boers
Dutch settlers that came to the Cape of Good hope in 1652 to establish a way station for their ships sailing between the Dutch East Indies and home.
Great Trek
In the 1830s, to escape the Britsh, several thousand Beors began a move north.
Boer War
Between the British and the Boers was the first mordern "total" war.
Paternalism
Based on the attitude, the Europeans developed this policy.
Colony
A country or a region govened internally by a foreign power.
Protectorate
A country or terriotory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside power.
Sphere of Influence
An area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges.
Economic Imperialism
Independent but less developed nations controlled by private business interests rather than by other governments.
Assimilation
The adoption of a conqueror's culture by a conquered people.
Indirect Control
Local Government officals were used
Limited self-rule
Goal:to develop future leaders
Government institutions are based on European styles but may gave local rules.
Direct Control
Foreign Officials brought in to rule
no self-rule
Goal:assimilation
Government institutions are based only on European styles.
Menelik II
Became emperor of Ethiopea in 1889. He successfully played the Italians, French,and British against each other, all of whom were striving to bring Ethiopia into their spheres of influence.
Geopolitics
An interest in or taking land for its strategic location or products.
Crimean War
Russians VS Ottoman
France and Britian helped Ottoman Empirer Defeat the Russians and keep the Ottoman Empirer.
Suez Canal
In Egypt. The French started but coudn't finish it do to lack of money so the British finished.
Sepoys
Indian Soldeirs
"Jewel in the crown"
The most valuable of all of Britain's colonies. India.
Seoy Mutiny
An 1857 rebellion of Hindu and Muslim soldiers against the British in India.
Raj
Referred to British rule over India from 1757 until 1947.
Pacific Rim
The Southeast Asian mainland and islands along the rim of the Pacific Ocean.
King Mongkut
Monderized Siam with his son Chulanlongkorn.
Emilio Aguinaldo
Leader of the Fiipino nationalists, claimed that the United States had promised immediate independence after the Spanish-American War ended.
Annexation
The adding of a region to the territory of an exsisting political unit.
Queen Liliuokalani
The Hawaiian ruler. In 1893 she called for a new constitution that would increase her power.