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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Limited Monarchy
Type of Government in which a constitution or legislative body limits the monarch's powers.

Glorious Revolution created this.
English Bill of Rights
Ensured the superiority of Parliament over the monarch.

Required the monarch to summon Parliament regularly and gave the House of Commons the "poer of the purse," or control over spending.
Oliver Cromwell
Puritan member of the lesser gentry, proved himself to be a skilled general.

Organized a "New Model Army" for Parliament, made up of the offciers selected for skill rather than social class, into a disiplined fighting force.
Puritans
Group of dissenters who sought to "purify" the church of Catholic practices.

Called for simpler services and a more Democratic church without bishops.
Dissenters
Protestants who differed with the Church of England.

James I clashed with them.
Act of Supremacy
Act of making the monarch head of the Church of England

Henry VIII claimed it.
Treaty of Utrecht
Treaty that forbid the combination of the Spanish && French crowns.

Signed by Philip V
Versailles
Royal hunting lodge that was turned into an immense palace.

Louis XIV spared no expense and made it the most magnificent building in Europe.
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
Louis's brilliant finance minister.

Imposed mercantilist policies to bolster the economy; had new lands cleared for farming && encouraged mining and other basic industries
Intendants
Royal officials who: collected taxes, recruited soldiers, and carried out his policies in the provinces.

Louis XIV expanded the bureacuracy by appointing them
Estates General
Medieval council made up of representatives of all French social classes

Due to Louis XIV they did not meet between 1614-1789
St. Bartholomew's Day
A Catholic Holiday
(August 24)

On this day in 1572 3k Huguenots were slaughtered by the order of Catholic royals
Edict of Nantes
Granted the Huguenots religious toleration and other freedoms

Henry IV issued it.
Huguenots
French Protestants

On St. Bartholomew's Day 3,000 Huguenots were slaughetered by Catholic royals.
Siglo de Oro
"Golden Century"
Century from 1550-1650 in which their was a brilliance && growth in the Arts and Literature, during this time Philip II also founded academies of science and mathematics.
Absolute Monarchy
A ruler with complete authority over the government and lives of the people.
Armada
A Large fleet of ships

Philip II used one to carry a Spanish invasion force to Englad (Failure).
Divine Right
Believed that his Authority to rule came directly
from God.

Philip II (Claimed it)