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57 Cards in this Set

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CROSS-DYEING IS
EFFECTIVE WITH FABRICS COMPOSED OF TWO OR MORE TYPES OF FIBERS
IN PREPARATION FOR CROSS-DYEING:
FIBERS MUST BE STRATEGICALLY LOCATED
CORSS-DYEING
REQUIRES ONE DYEBATH
CROSS-DYEING IS A
COMPARATIVELY ECONOMICAL PROCESS
MANUFACTURERS/COLORISTS CAN USE CROSS-DYEING:
TO STORE GREIGE YARNS WHICH ARE READY FOR CROSS-DYEING, FINISHING AND SHIPMENT, INSURING THAT THE COLORS USED ARE THOSE RPEFERRED (CONTROLS INVENTORY)
SPACE-DYEING IS ALSO KNOWN AS
VARIEGATED YARNS
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A RESIST-PRINTING OPERATION?
A. BATIK PRINTING
B. TIE-DYE PRINTING
C. IKAT PRINTING
D. BLOCK PRINTING
D. BLOCK PRINTING
BATCH DYEING
DYEING RELATIVELY SMALL QUANTITIES IN A DISCONTINUOUS-DYEING OPERATING
CRACKLE EFFECT
STRIATED APPEARANCE SEEN WITH BATIK PRINTS
DISCHARGE PRINTING
FABRIC IS PIECE DYED BEFORE THE SELECTIVE APPLICATION OF AN AGENT THAT WILL REMOVE THE DYE, CREATING UNDYED MOTIFS AND A SOLID COLORED GROUND.
DOPE DYEING
ADDING DYE PIGMENTS TO THE SPINNING SOLUTION OF MANUFACTURED FIBERS PRIOR TO SPINNING
FROSTINESS
ABSENCE OF DYE ON YARN TIPS; PLANNED AND EXECUTED BY GUM PRINTING OPERATIONS
HEATHER
COLOR STYLING IN WHICH TWO OR MORE COLORS OF FIBERS ARE UNIFORMLY DISTRIBUTED ALONG THE LENGTH OF A SPUN YARN
HUE
COLOR (E.G., BLUE, RED, GREEN, YELLOW, ETC.)
INTENSITY
DESCRIBES THE PURITY OR STRENGTH OF A COLOR
MARLED
DESCRIPTIVE OF THE COLOR STYLING PRODUCED BY SPINNING TOGETHER TOW DIFFERENTLY COLORED ROVINGS
OVERPRINTING
PRINTING DYE PASTE OR PIGMENTS OVER AN INITIAL COLOR APPLICATION
HEAVY WOODEN PLANKS HAMMER THE FABRIC AND FLATTEN THE CROSS SECTION OF THE YARNS TO INCREASE THE SURFACE LUSTER OF FABRICS COMPOSED OF LINEN IN THE PROCESS KNOWN AS
BEETLING
THE PROCESS THAT CREATES FINE HILLS AND VALLEYS ON THE SURFACE OF THE FABRIC IS
SCHREINERING
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A YARN USED IN HAND EMBROIDERING:
1. CREWEL
2. PEARL
3. CANDLEWICK
4. MOLAS
MOLAS (IT'S AN APPLIQUE PROCESS)
THE SHRINKAGE OF FIBERS THAT GENERALLY OCCURS OVER TIME IS
RESIDUAL
BOWED YARN ALIGNMENT
FILING YARNS CURVE BELOW STRAIGHT CROSSWISE GRAIN
BRUSHING
ALIGNING PILE SURFACES USING STRAIGHT WIRES; INTRODUCES PRONOUNCED FABRIC NAP OR PILE SWEEP.
CRUSHING
PILE YARNS IN SOME AREAS ARE FLATTENED, WHILE THE PILE YARNS IN THE ADJACENT AREAS ARE ORIENTED IN VARIOUS DIRECTIONS.
FLOCKING
EMBEDDING EXTREMELY SHORT FIBERS INTO AN ADHESIVE OR RESIN COMPOUND
FUNGI
EXTREMELY SIMPLE VEGETABLE PLAN FORMS, SUCH AS MOLDS AND MILDEW.
MERCERIZATION
TREATMENT OF COTTON OR LINEN FIBERS, YARNS, OR FABRICS WITH NaOH AND TENSION TO IMPROVE THE STRENGTH, ABSORPTION, OR LUSTER.
OLEOPHOBIC
OIL-HATING; RESISTANT TO OILY SOIL
PERMETHRIN
COMPOUND USED TO MODIFY THE DISULFIDE LINKIAGES IN WOOL, MAKING THE FIBERS MOTHPROOF
PILLING
FORMATION OF PILLS ON THE SURFACE OF TEXTILE FABRICS
PINSONIC MELDING
COMMERCIAL QUILTING USING HEAT AND SOUND WAVES TO MELD SEPARATE COMPONENTS AT SPECIFIC POINTS (INEXPENSIVE MATTRESS PADS IS AN EXAMPLE)
SHEARING
CONVERSION OPERATION IN WHICH RAISED FIBER AND PILE SURFACES ARE CUT TO BE LEVEL
SKEWED YARN ALIGNMENT
FILLING YARNS SLANT BELOW STRAIGHT CROSSWISE GRAIN
TENTERING
MECHANICAL TREATMENT USED TO IMPROVE THE GRAIN OF WOVEN FABRICS
YARN RAVELING
YARN FALLING FROM A RAW EDGE OF FABRIC
YARN SLIPPAGE
MOVING OR "GRAVELING" OF WARP OR FILLING YARNS
CHAPTER 9 DISCUSSION QUESTION:
GRIEGE GOODS BEAR LITTLE RESEMEBLANCE TO THE FABRICS ENJOYED BY CONSUMERS IN TEXTILE END-PRODUCTS. CONSIDER THE IMPORTANCE OF FINISHING AGENTS AND PROCESSES TO THE INDUSTRY AND TO THE ULTIMATE CONSUMER.
CHAPTER 1 DISCUSSION QUESTION:
CONSIDER THE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE APPAREL INDUSTRY AND THE INTERIOR TREXTILE INDUSTRY. IS THE INTERCONNECTEDNESS OF THE INTERIOR TEXTILE INDUSTRY ALSO SEEN IN THE APPAREL INDUSTRY? IS MONITORING OF AESTHETIC FEATURES PREFERRED BY THE CONSUMER CRITICALLY IMPORTANT IN BOTH INDUSTRIES? ARE THE GOALS OF MEMBER FIRMS IN EACH INDUSTRY THE SAME? YES - PROFIT
BASIC WEAVES & FIBERS THE SAME; HOW ITS CONVERTED INTO CLOTH DIFFERENT.
CHAPTER 4, 5 DISCUSSION QUESTION
DESCRIBE THE VISUAL AND TEXTURAL EFFECTS OF DECORATIVE OR NOVELTY YARNS. IDENTIFY INTERIOR TEXTILE END-PRODUCTS THAT FREQUENTLY HAVE SUCH YARNS AND OTHER END-PRODUCTS THAT NEVER HAVE SUCH YARNS. EXPALIN THESE DIFFERENCES. (SHEETS NEVER HAVE SUCH YARNS?)
WHAT ARE THE CATEGORIES OF FINISHES
1. APPEARANCE FEATURES
2. STRUCTURAL QUALITIES
3. FUNCTIONAL PERFORMANCE PROPERTIES
WHAT BUSINESS FINISHES THE FABRIC WHEN NOT DONE IN AN INTEGRATED OPERATION?
CONVERTOR
WHAT ARE THE FABRICS CALLED BEFORE FINISHING?
GREIGE GOODS
WHAT DOES MERCERIZING DO TO COTTON?
IMPROVES STRENGTH, LUSTER, AND DYEABILITY OF COTTONG
LIST 3 EXAMPLES OF SURFACE TREATMENTS
CALENDARING (IRONING)
MOTH PROFFING
FLAME RETARDANT
CALENDARING IS
BASICALLY AN IRONING MACHINE AND PRODUCES SEVERAL DECORATIVE FABRIC FINISHES SUCH AS: GLAZING, MOIRE', AND EMBOSSING
FLOCKING IS A DESIRABLE/UNDESIRABLE FINISH FOR HIGHER END DECORATIVE FABRICS. iT IS ALSO USED/NOT USED ON WALL COVERINGS
UNDESIRABLE
USED
DURABLE GLAZED CHINTZ IS
THE MOST USED DURABLE FINISH FOR DECORATIVE FABRICS
FUNCTIONAL FINISHES ARE MORE CONCERNED WITH_______ THAN WITH ____ OR HAND.
PERFORMANCE
FEEL
NAME 4 FUNCTIONAL FINISHES
1. MERCERATION
2. MOTH PROOFING
3. SOIL REATDING
4. FLAME RETARDATION
T OR F
MATCHING THE DYE TO THE FIBER TYPE IS THE FIRST STEP IN DYEING
TRUE
T OR F
MULTIPLE FIBER TYPE IS NOT A CONSIDERATION IN SELECTING THE TYPE OF DYE USED
FALSE
T OR F
IN PRINTING, FABRIC BATIK IS OFTEN USED FOR LARGE YARDAGE QUANTITIES
FALSE
WAHT IS A "MOTIF"?
A REPEATED PATTERN
WHY IS PATTERN REPEAT IMPORTANT TO INTERIOR DESIGNERS
BECAUSE IT EFFECTS THE YARDAGE USED AND HOW ITS LAID OUT
________________ IS THE MOST COMMON METHOD OF PRINTING
ROTARY SCREEN METHOD
NAME 3 METHODS OF PRINTING?
ROTARY SCREEN METHOD
WARP PRINTING
TRANSFER PRINTINT
T OR F
THERE ARE SELDOM NEW METHODS FOR FINISHING FABRICS
FALSE