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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How should your body be held?
In a natural, easy manner without stiffness, strain or exaggeration.
What is the supporting foot?
The foot supporting the weight of the body.
What is the working foot?
The other foot.
What part of the supporting foot should be in contact with the ground?
While dancing, it is always the ball of the supporting foot that is in contact with the ground.
What angles should your legs be turned out at?
-45 degrees for supporting foot, and
--not less than 45 degrees for the working foot
kilt flat
When foot is raised to any specified position whilst executing a movement of elevation, what is the timing?
The foot arrives at the specified position simultaneously with the dancer landing on the supporting foot, unless otherwise stated.
Basic Positions are . . .
the essential positions of the feet, arms and head on which all movements are founded.
Masic movements are . . .
the combining, by movement, of tow or more basic positions.
Basic steps are . . .
a combination of basic movements.
A closed position is . . .
one in which the feet are either in contact with each other, or the working foot is touching the suppporting leg. (An exception is third crossed.)
An open position is . . .
one in which the working foot is not in contact with tht esupportin foot or the supporting leg.
A ground position is . . .
one in which both feet are in contact with the ground.
An aerial position is . . .
one in which the working foot is off the ground.
A rear position is . . .
one in which the working foot is to the rear of the supporting foor.
How many basic ground positions?
five
What are the basic five positions?
1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th
What are the other positions called?
Derived positions; third crossed, fourth intermediate, fourth-opposite-fifth, and midforth.
Toe
In contact with the ground, without pressure, in an open position with the instep arched, or in a closed position with the foot vertical, it is said to be pointed or placed on the toe. When the working foot is pointed in an open position the knee of the working leg is kept straight except when placed in fourth-oposite-fifth.
Half point
When the pads of the first two or three toes are in contact with the ground, with the ball of the foot off the ground, it is said to be placed in half point.
Open position--the instep of the working foot should be arched with the knee of the working leg slightly relaxed;
Closed--the working foot should be kept as vertical as possible.
What is half point used for?
When the working foot is placed on half point, the weight of the body may be momentarily taken on it; the main weight being then retained on the other foot, thus providing the impetus for any required slight elevation or travel of that (i.e., the supporting) foot during the half point.
Ball
Pads of toe and ball of foot in contact with ground with the instep arched. The knee of the working foot is kept as straight as possible, but without strain, to allow for freedom of movement.
When the working foot is placed on the ball, the weight of the body is transferred onto it, so that when the dancer travels while so placing the foot, a step is taken.
Heel
Heel in contact with ground and sole of the foot kept straight and inclined upwards. When the working foot is placed on the heel in any open psition excpet fourth-opposite-fifth, the knee of the working leg is kept straight.
When is the only time pressure is placed on the heel?
In the eighth ST step.
When is there no rear or aerial equivalent?
1st and 3rdcrossed
When is there an arial equivalent but no rear equivalent?
2nd, mid-fourth
When is there a rear but no aerial?
fourth-opposite-fifth and 5th
How is the foot never placed in rear position?
on the half-point
What should we know about open arial positions?
The knee of the working leg should be kept straight, and the working foot, with the instep well arched, is off the ground with the toe at the corrrect height in relation to the supporting leg.
Where is normal?
Across from the center of the calf.
Where is low?
Across from your ankle.
Where is high?
Across from the center of your knee.
What are the two closed arial positions?
3rd arial and 3rd rear arial
What height is assumed when none is given?
Normal
When landing with two feet, how should it be done?
Weight equally distributed on balls in 3rd of 5th, insteps as fully arched as possible,and heels equidistant from the ground, and knees slightly relaxed.
What is the line of direction?
An imaginary line on the ground, passing from front to back between the heels of the dancer when in 1st. Used to mearure angles.
What should be done to ensure a correct line of travel when moving sideways?
(2nd and 8th step ST) The working foot should be placed slightly forward or backwards, as the case may be, from second position to ommmence the travel.
1st Position
Heels together, weight equal, turned out 45 degrees from line, on balls or flatfooted.
2nd Position
Working leg extended directly to the side at an angle of 90 from the line of direction, the toe and heel of the working foot being in line with the heel of the supporting foot. The working foot may be placed onthe toe, halfpoint, ball, or heel and, except in the latter case, is placed appoximately one and a half foot-lengths from the heel of the supporting foot.
3rd Position
Place on the toe, halfpoint, ball, or heel, touches the hollow of the supporting foot. When placed on the toe, halfpoint, or heel, the working foot is turned out at an angle of 90 from the LOD.
When the weight of the body is equally distr. on the balls of both feet, the sole of the front foot is directly over the instep fo the rear foot, both feet equally turned out at an angle of not less than 45 degrees from the LOD.
Third Arial Position
Knee pressed back, outside edge of working foot in contact with front of supportin foot.
Normal--heel slightly below the level of knee cap.
Low--toe in line with the ankle
Very Low--foot slightly off the ground in thrid position.
When placed on the toe, the hollow of the working foot touches the heel of the supporting foot. The working foot turned outwards at an angle of 90 form the LOD.
When place don the ball the weight is equallyu distributed on the balls of both feet. The sole of the front foot is directly over the instep of the rear foot, both feet equally turned out at an angle of not less than 45 from the LOD.
Third Rear Arial
In contact with the calf with knee held back and no part of the working foot being visible from the front.
Third crossed position
The working leg is crossed in front of the supporting leg with the half point of the working foot placed near the outside edge of the instep of the supporting foot or ball when used in the Highland Fling.
Fourth Position
Working leg extended with heels in line with LOD. Working foot placed only on toe or halfpoint in sword. 45 degree turnout
Fourth Arial
Fourth with working leg extended.
Fourth Rear position
Working foot in rear on ball or flat
Mid-fourth Position
Working leg extended to the front, midway between fourth and fourth intermediate position and is placed on the toe.
Mid-Fourth aerial position
Extended to the front as for mid-fourth position and rised to low arial.
Fourth Intermediate
The working leg is extended diagonally forward at an angle of 45 degrees from the LOD with working foot placed on the toe, halfpoint, or ball.
Fourth Intermediate Aerial Position
Fourth Intermediate Rear position
just raised

extended to rear ONLY ON BALL
Fourth Intermediate Rear Arial Position
previous but arial
Fourth-opposite-fifth position
The working leg is extended to the front, but with the toe of the working foot in line with the heel of the supporting foot and with a slight relazation of the knee fo the working leg. The working foot may be placed on the toe halfpoint, or heel and, in the latter case, the heel is placed in line with the toe joint and supporting foot. Sword only.
5th
Working foot in contact with the big toe joint of the supporting foot, and may be be placed on the toe, half point, ball, or heel.
When the weight of the body is equally distr. on the balls on both feet, the sole of the front foot is directly over the toes of the reear foot, both feet equally turned out at an engle of not less than 45 from the DOB.