the tendency, once a response has been conditioned, for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses
in classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occuring response to the uncondtiioned stimulus(US), such as salivation when food is in mouth
in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses
the view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental processes.
the process of observing and imitating a specifice behavior
a type of learning in which one learns to link two or more stimuli and anticipate events
in operant conditioning, any event that strengthens the behavior it follows
in operant conditioning research, a chamber containing a bar or key that an animal can manipulate to obtain food or water reinforcer; attached devices record animals rate of bar presssing or key pecking
in classical conditioning, a previously neutral stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus, comes to trigger a conditional response
a mental representation of the layout of ones environment.
a type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followedby a reinforcer or diminished if followed by a punisher
learning that certain events occur together. the events may be two stimuli or a response and its consequences
increasing behaviors by presenting positive stimuli, such as food. a positive reinforcer is any stimulus that, when presented after a response, strengthens the response
in classical conditioning, the learned response to a previously neutral stimulus
an innately reinforcing stimulus, such as one that satisfies a biological need
an operant conditioning procedure in which reinforcers guide behavior toward closer and closer approximations of the desired behavior
a procedure in which the conditioned stimulus in one conditioning experience is paired with a new neutral stimulus, creating a second (weaker) conditioned stimulus
increasing behaviors by stopping or reducing negative stimuli. a negative reinforcer is any stimulus that, when removed after a response..strengthens good response
in classical conditioning, the initial stage, when one links a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus begins triggering the conditional response. In operant conditioning the strengethening of a reinforced response
behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus
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