In psychoanalytic theory, the ego's protective methods of reducing anxiety by unconsciously distorting reality.
According to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings and memories. According to contemporary psychologists, information process of which we are unaware.
Protects a person from real life events
Overestimating others' noticin and evaluating our appearance, performance, and blunders (as if we presume a spotlight shines on us)
One's feelings of high or low self-worth.
The most widely used projective test, a set of 10 inkblots, designed by Hermann Rorschach; seeks to identify people's inner feelings by analyzing their interpretations of the blots.
Internal focus of control
In psychoanalytic theory, the basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness.
The hopelessness and passive resignation an animal or human learns when unable to avoid repeated aversive events.
Empirically derived test
The interacting influences between personality and environmental factors.
The childhood stages of development (oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital) during which, according to Freud, the id's pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct ergenous zones.
A test (such as the MMPI) developed by testing a pool of items and then selecting those that discriminate between certain groups.
Proposes that faith in one's worldview and the pursuit of self-esteem provide protection against a deeply rooted fear of death.
Views behavior as influenced by the interaction between persons (and their thinking) and their social context.
All our thoughts and feelings about ourselves, in answer to the question, "who am I?"
Rorschach Inkblot test
The perception that one controls one's own fate
An individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling and acting.
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions.
Defense mechanism that offers self-justifying explanations in place of the real, more threatening, unconscious reasons for one's actions.
A readiness to perceive oneself favorably
Our sense of controlling our environment rather than feeling helpless.
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