Matching (20) Match items in column A to column B

Column a Column b
1.
A.
The organism most commonly associated with acute pyelonephritis is
a. Streptococcus.
b. Escherichia coli.
c. Klebsiella.
d. Enterobacter.
2.
B.
While planning care for obese patients, two nurses are contrasting the differences between orlistat (Xenical) and other weight-loss agents. Which of the following statements best demonstrates how orlistat is different from most weight-loss drugs?
a. It reduces fat absorption in the intestines.
b. It suppresses the appetite center in the brain.
c. It increases the metabolism to help burn calories.
d. It increases serotonin levels and improves mood.
3.
C.
The nerves that carry pain sensations from the kidney enter the cord at T___ to L___
4.
D.
Encopresis
5.
E.
The nurse is caring for a psychiatric patient with breast cancer who is just about to receive chemotherapy. What antiemetic would be most appropriate for this patient, who is anticipating nausea?
a. Loperamide (Imodium)
b. Ranitidine (Zantac)
c. Dronabinol (Marinol)
d. Lorazepam (Ativan)
6.
F.
Mechanical bowel obstruction
7.
G.
The nurse is providing patient education to an elderly patient being treated for duodenal ulcers. The prescriber has ordered sucralfate (Carafate). The patient asks the nurse how sucralfate helps heal ulcers. Select the correct explanation given by the nurse.
a. “It creates a protective barrier against pepsin and acid.”
b. “It irreversibly suppresses gastric acidity.”
c. “It inhibits the enzyme that generates gastric acid.”
d. “It enhances prostaglandin production.”
8.
H.
Functional bowel obstruction.
9.
I.
Which of the following is not usually associated with nephrosis?
a. Hyperlipidemia
b. Proteinuria
c. Hematuria
d. Generalized edema
10.
J.
What problem(s) is a patient likely to experience in end-stage renal disease?
a. Proteinuria
b. Polyuria and nocturia
c. Uremia
d. Hematuria
11.
K.
Epigastric pain that is relieved by food is suggestive of
a. pancreatitis.
b. cardiac angina.
c. gastric ulcer.
d. dysphagia.
12.
L.
Diverticulosis
13.
M.
The recovery room nurse is caring for a patient status post surgery and administers an antiemetic agent for postoperative nausea and vomiting. The patient is transferred to the unit and beings to display extrapyramidal effects. The nurse suspects that which category of agents is most likely responsible?
a. Phenothiazines
b. Glucocorticoids
c. Cannabinoids
d. Serotonin-receptor antagonists
14.
N.
The nurse is providing patient education about the use of vitamins. Which statement by the patient demonstrates a need for further teaching?
a. “Night blindness may indicate a vitamin A deficiency.”
b. “I take vitamin E for its antioxidant effects.”
c. “Scurvy is caused by excess vitamin C.”
d. “Deficiency of folic acid may lead to birth defects.”
15.
O.
The finding of hypotension, rigid abdomen, and absent bowel sounds in a patient with pancreatitis
a. is an expected finding and requires no specific intervention.
b. indicates peritonitis with substantial risk for sepsis and shock.
c. requires immediate surgical intervention.
d. is an unusual finding in pancreatitis and indicates misdiagnosis.
16.
P.
The nurse is providing patient education to a patient who has been diagnosed with scurvy. The nurse would be correct to tell the patient that she is deficient in
a. folic acid.
b. ascorbic acid.
c. nicotinic acid.
d. riboflavin.
17.
Q.
The nurse is working with a group of obese patients. One states, “My goal is to reduce my weight from 280 pounds to 230 pounds in the first 6 months.” What response by the nurse would be most appropriate for this patient?
a. “That is a realistic goal for your weight-reduction program.”
b. “Because most weight loss occurs in the first 6 months, you should aim for 200 pounds.”
c. “Weight loss of more than 20 pounds in 6 months could be dangerous.”
d. “Safe and maintainable weight loss should be about 10% of body weight in 6 months.”
18.
R.
A 30-year-old female patient is to be started on misoprostol (Cytotec) for treatment of a gastric ulcer secondary to long-term ibuprofen (Motrin) use. Which of the following must the nurse include in the patient education?
a. “Start taking the drug at the end of your next menstrual period.”
b. “Take the medication 1 hour before meals.”
c. “Use a reliable method of birth control.”
d. “Perform a breast self-examination weekly while on the medication.”
19.
S.
What information would be most important for the nurse to provide to a patient requesting a prn dose of magnesium hydroxide (Milk of Magnesia)?
a. “You will need to increase your fluid intake.”
b. “Avoid drinking milk for an hour after the magnesium hydroxide.”
c. “I’ll need to get a prescriber’s order for mineral oil to avoid irritation.”
d. “You can expect immediate results.”
20.
T.
A patient admitted to the unit for dehydration tells the nurse that he has not had a bowel movement in 5 days, and he typically has one daily. The nurse administers psyllium (Metamucil) as ordered and should monitor the patient for
a. bright red stools.
b. black, tarry stools.
c. pale, clay-colored stools.
d. intestinal obstruction.