Matching (20) Match items in column A to column B

Column a Column b
1.
A.
The nurse is providing education for a patient taking bisacodyl (Dulcolax) tablets daily. Which statement by the patient best demonstrates the need for further teaching?
a. “I should swallow the pill intact.”
b. “I should take the pills with milk or dairy products.”
c. “The pill will be effective within 6 to 12 hours.”
d. “Most people take the pill at bedtime, with good results in the morning.”
2.
B.
True or False: Patients with acute renal failure commonly develop metabolic acidosis because of impaired kidney secretion of H+.
3.
C.
The nurse is caring for a pregnant patient who is suffering from severe traveler’s diarrhea. The nurse should prepare to administer
a. azithromycin (Zithromax).
b. ciprofloxacin (Cipro).
c. levofloxacin (Levaquin).
d. doxycycline (Vibramycin).
4.
D.
The most likely cause of compensated acidosis in a patient with end-stage renal disease is
a. insufficient filtration of bicarbonate ions at the glomerulus.
b. excessive production of respiratory and metabolic acids.
c. insufficient metabolic acid excretion due to nephron loss.
d. hypoventilation secondary to uremic central nervous system depression.
5.
E.
A deficiency of lipid digestion or absorption commonly results in
a. steatorrhea.
b. constipation.
c. hyperlipidemia.
d. cholelithiasis.
6.
F.
A patient with renal disease is at risk for developing uremia as his nephrons progressively deteriorate because
a. the basement membrane becomes increasingly permeable.
b. filtration exceeds secretory and reabsorptive capacity.
c. excessive solute and water are lost in the urine.
d. GFR declines.
7.
G.
Which of the following are benefits of a weight-loss program? (Select all that apply.)
a. Reduction of blood pressure in hypertensive patients
b. Prevention of type 1 diabetes
c. Increase in high-density lipoprotein
d. Reduction of glucose in individual with type 2 diabetes
e. Increase in low-density lipoprotein
8.
H.
The nurse is providing patient education to an elderly patient being treated for duodenal ulcers. The prescriber has ordered sucralfate (Carafate). The patient asks the nurse how sucralfate helps heal ulcers. Select the correct explanation given by the nurse.
a. “It creates a protective barrier against pepsin and acid.”
b. “It irreversibly suppresses gastric acidity.”
c. “It inhibits the enzyme that generates gastric acid.”
d. “It enhances prostaglandin production.”
9.
I.
Appropriate management of end-stage renal disease includes
a. potassium supplementation.
b. a high-protein diet.
c. erythropoietin administration.
d. a high-phosphate diet.
10.
J.
a. Nephrotic syndrome
b. Uremic syndrome


1. Proteinuria

2. Azotemia

3. Oliguria

4. Hyperlipidemia
11.
K.
The nurse is providing patient education to a group of obese patients. To minimize the risk of vitamin deficiency in patients taking orlistat (Xenical), the nurse should instruct the patients to
a. take Metamucil to reduce the GI effects of orlistat.
b. take a daily multivitamin 2 hours before or after taking orlistat.
c. eat vitamin-rich foods at the same time orlistat is taken.
d. take a daily multivitamin at the same time orlistat is taken.
12.
L.
Which of the following signs is consistent with a diagnosis of glomerulonephritis?
a. Pyuria
b. Proteinuria
c. White blood cell casts in the urine
d. Foul-smelling urine
13.
M.
Odynophagia
14.
N.
True or False: Esophagitis pain is similar in location and pattern to myocardial chest pain.
15.
O.
Functional bowel obstruction.
16.
P.
Primary risk factor for chronic pancreatitis?
17.
Q.
The nurse is caring for an elderly patient who is status-post right hip open-reduction internal fixation (ORIF). The patient is taking oxycodone (OxyContin) every 6 hours as needed for pain and chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton) daily. The nurse discusses obtaining an order from the prescriber for which of the following medications?
a. GoLYTELY
b. Lactulose
c. Docusate sodium (Colace)
d. Polyethylene glycol (MiraLax)
18.
R.
Chronic pancreatitis may lead to
a. diabetes mellitus.
b. Crohn disease.
c. gallstones.
d. celiac sprue.
19.
S.
A Barrett esophagus is
a. best managed with H2 antagonists.
b. a preneoplastic lesion.
c. a benign condition.
d. a gastrin-secreting tumor.
20.
T.
The nurse is caring for a patient who has celiac disease with malabsorption. The nurse should monitor for which sign of possible vitamin deficiency?
a. Bleeding
b. Sore tongue
c. Hypercalcemia
d. Hypokalemia