Matching (20) Match items in column A to column B

Column a Column b
1.
A.
Histamine antagonists may be used in the management of peptic ulcer disease to
a. increase gastric motility.
b. inhibit secretion of pepsinogen.
c. neutralize gastric acid.
d. decrease hydrochloric acid (HCl) secretion.
2.
B.
Achalasia
3.
C.
A patient with pancreatitis may experience muscle cramps and laryngospasm secondary to
a. alkalosis.
b. hyperglycemia.
c. hypocalcemia.
d. hypermagnesemia.
4.
D.
The nurse is preparing to provide the patient with methylcellulose (Citrucel). The patient asks the nurse how this type of laxative works. The nurse correctly states that this laxative is known as a(n) _________________ laxative and works by __________________.
a. bulk-forming; functioning as dietary fiber
b. surfactant; softening the feces
c. stimulant; stimulating peristalsis
d. osmotic; retaining water and softening the feces
5.
E.
The nurse is working with a group of obese patients. One states, “My goal is to reduce my weight from 280 pounds to 230 pounds in the first 6 months.” What response by the nurse would be most appropriate for this patient?
a. “That is a realistic goal for your weight-reduction program.”
b. “Because most weight loss occurs in the first 6 months, you should aim for 200 pounds.”
c. “Weight loss of more than 20 pounds in 6 months could be dangerous.”
d. “Safe and maintainable weight loss should be about 10% of body weight in 6 months.”
6.
F.
A patient comes to the clinic, worried that he may have contracted a sexually transmitted disease. He complains that his lips are cracked, and he has a “thick” tongue and an itchy scrotum. Upon further assessment, the nurse finds cheilosis, glossitis, vascularization of the cornea, and irritated dermatitis of the scrotum. The nurse suspects that these signs and symptoms are consistent with which vitamin deficiency?
a. Riboflavin
b. Thiamin
c. Pyridoxine
d. Niacin
7.
G.
True or False: The presence of white blood cell casts in the urine is indicative of pyelonephritis
8.
H.
The nurse has provided education on factors that contribute to ulcer formation to her patient diagnosed with peptic ulcer disease (PUD). Which of the following statements by the patient indicates a need for further teaching?
a. “I guess I’ll have to avoid coffee and cola from now on.”
b. “I am surprised to learn that Helicobacter pylori infection can lead to ulcers.”
c. “Instead of ibuprofen, I’ll take acetaminophen for my arthritis.”
d. “I’m going to ask my doctor to order a nicotine patch to help me quit smoking.”
9.
I.
The nurse is caring for an elderly patient who is status-post right hip open-reduction internal fixation (ORIF). The patient is taking oxycodone (OxyContin) every 6 hours as needed for pain and chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton) daily. The nurse discusses obtaining an order from the prescriber for which of the following medications?
a. GoLYTELY
b. Lactulose
c. Docusate sodium (Colace)
d. Polyethylene glycol (MiraLax)
10.
J.
The nurse is caring for a patient with cancer who has been undergoing chemotherapy. The patient now suffers from oral mucositis as a result of the chemotherapy. An order is written for palifermin (Kepivance). The nurse plans to discontinue the dose at least ____ hours prior to the next chemotherapy dose.
a. 8
b. 12
c. 24
d. 72
11.
K.
Appropriate therapy for prerenal oliguria includes
a. fluid administration.
b. potassium supplementation.
c. fluid restriction.
d. protein restriction.
12.
L.
Diverticulosis
13.
M.
Which of the following symptoms suggests the presence of a hiatal hernia?
a. Nausea
b. Heartburn
c. Diarrhea
d. Abdominal cramps
14.
N.
A patient is being discharged from the hospital and is receiving patient education about medications, including vitamin C (ascorbic acid). Which symptom would indicate excessive doses of vitamin C?
a. Constipation
b. Seizure activity
c. Excessive bleeding tendencies
d. Gastrointestinal disturbances
15.
O.
a. Nephrotic syndrome
b. Uremic syndrome


1. Proteinuria

2. Azotemia

3. Oliguria

4. Hyperlipidemia
16.
P.
The nurse is caring for a patient with ulcerative colitis who is being treated with azathioprine. Which laboratory test result should be monitored periodically?
a. Microscopic urine examination
b. Complete blood count (CBC) with differential
c. Immunoglobulin survey
d. Serum albumin
17.
Q.
PUD
18.
R.
The pain that accompanies kidney disorders is called
a. nephritic.
b. nephralgia.
c. nephrotic.
d. nephronitis.
19.
S.
The nurse is discussing the mechanism of action of omeprazole (Prilosec) with a group of nursing students. Which statement by a student would best indicate understanding of the mechanism of action of omeprazole?
a. “The duration of action is short, because the drug has a short half-life.”
b. “Absorption occurs in the stomach when the pH is greater than 5.”
c. “It irreversibly inhibits the enzyme needed to produce stomach acid.”
d. “The complete return of acid production occurs 24 hours after discontinuation.”
20.
T.
Polycystic kidney disease is
a. always rapidly fatal.
b. due to a streptococcal infection.
c. associated with supernumerary kidney.
d. genetically transmitted.