Matching (20) Match items in column A to column B

Column a Column b
The organism most commonly associated with acute pyelonephritis is
a. Streptococcus.
b. Escherichia coli.
c. Klebsiella.
d. Enterobacter.
In patients with polycystic kidney disease, renal failure is expected to progress over time as the cystic process destroys more nephrons. At what point will a patient reach end-stage renal disease?
a. Not possible to predict based on nephron loss
b. Greater than 50% nephron loss
c. Greater than 75% nephron loss
d. Greater than 90% nephron loss
The nurse is preparing to provide the patient with methylcellulose (Citrucel). The patient asks the nurse how this type of laxative works. The nurse correctly states that this laxative is known as a(n) _________________ laxative and works by __________________.
a. bulk-forming; functioning as dietary fiber
b. surfactant; softening the feces
c. stimulant; stimulating peristalsis
d. osmotic; retaining water and softening the feces
People with alcoholism and those who take isoniazid should be monitored for which vitamin B6–related complications? (Select all that apply.)
a. Sprue
b. Glossitis
c. Microcytic anemia
d. Seborrheic dermatitis
e. Changes in neurologic function
A patient with a history of chronic alcohol abuse has been admitted to the unit with cirrhosis. Upon review of the patient’s laboratory test results, the nurse notes that the ammonia level is 218. What medication should the nurse prepare to administer?
a. 0.9% NS
b. Lactulose
c. Docusate sodium (Colace)
d. Polyethylene glycol (MiraLax)
A 30-year-old female patient is to be started on misoprostol (Cytotec) for treatment of a gastric ulcer secondary to long-term ibuprofen (Motrin) use. Which of the following must the nurse include in the patient education?
a. “Start taking the drug at the end of your next menstrual period.”
b. “Take the medication 1 hour before meals.”
c. “Use a reliable method of birth control.”
d. “Perform a breast self-examination weekly while on the medication.”
The nurse, who is caring for a patient with constipation, is preparing to administer morning medications. The nurse determines that concurrent drug administration of which of the following medications most likely would contribute to constipation? (Select all that apply.)
a. Oxycodone/acetaminophen (Percocet)
b. Aluminum hydroxide
c. Benztropine (Cogentin)
d. Ranitidine (Zantac)
e. Diazepam (Valium)
The nurse is caring for a patient with cancer who has been undergoing chemotherapy. The patient now suffers from oral mucositis as a result of the chemotherapy. An order is written for palifermin (Kepivance). The nurse plans to discontinue the dose at least ____ hours prior to the next chemotherapy dose.
a. 8
b. 12
c. 24
d. 72
True or False: Patients with acute renal failure commonly develop metabolic acidosis because of impaired kidney secretion of H+.
Combined dysphagia with both solids and liquids is typical of
a. esophageal stricture.
b. achalasia.
c. esophageal tumors.
d. Mallory-Weiss syndrome.
The nurse is providing patient education about the use of vitamins. Which statement by the patient demonstrates a need for further teaching?
a. “Night blindness may indicate a vitamin A deficiency.”
b. “I take vitamin E for its antioxidant effects.”
c. “Scurvy is caused by excess vitamin C.”
d. “Deficiency of folic acid may lead to birth defects.”
The definitive treatment for cholecystitis is
a. lithotripsy of stones.
b. chemical dissolution of stones.
c. antibiotics and antiinflammatories.
d. cholecystectomy.
Candidates for the use of sibutramine (Meridia) who have no other risk factors should have a BMI of at least
a. 25.
b. 27.
c. 30.
d. 35.
An adult who has been self-medicating, using nutritional therapy for elevated cholesterol, complains of repeated episodes of flushing. The nurse suspects that the patient has been taking
a. niacin.
b. thiamin.
c. riboflavin.
d. pyridoxine.
Osteodystrophy commonly occurs in patients with end-stage renal disease because of
a. hypoparathyroidism.
b. hypercalcemia.
c. insufficient active vitamin D.
d. phosphate deficiency.
The nurse is preparing to administer dronabinol (Marinol) to a newly admitted patient. Prior to administration, the nurse reviews the patient’s health history. For which of the following reasons found in the health history would the nurse clarify the order?
a. The patient has a history of bradycardia.
b. The patient has a history of drug abuse.
c. The patient has acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
d. The patient has a history of psychiatric disorders.
In which of the following cases would it be inappropriate to manage dyspepsia with an empiric trial of an H2 blocker?
a. Concomitant dysphagia
b. Chronic use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs
c. Dyspepsia occurring after meals
d. Dyspepsia relieved by meals
True or False: Colicky, spasmodic pains in the flank area are likely to occur with ureteral irritation
The nurse is caring for a patient with ulcerative colitis who is being treated with azathioprine. Which laboratory test result should be monitored periodically?
a. Microscopic urine examination
b. Complete blood count (CBC) with differential
c. Immunoglobulin survey
d. Serum albumin