Matching (20) Match items in column A to column B

Column a Column b
The nurse is caring for an elderly patient who is status-post right hip open-reduction internal fixation (ORIF). The patient is taking oxycodone (OxyContin) every 6 hours as needed for pain and chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton) daily. The nurse discusses obtaining an order from the prescriber for which of the following medications?
b. Lactulose
c. Docusate sodium (Colace)
d. Polyethylene glycol (MiraLax)
Elevated serum lipase and amylase levels are indicative of
a. gallbladder disease.
b. appendicitis.
c. pancreatitis.
d. peritonitis.
The most likely cause of anemia in a patient with end-stage renal disease is
a. insufficient erythropoietin.
b. blood loss secondary to hematuria.
c. vitamin B12 deficiency secondary to deficient intrinsic factor.
d. iron deficiency.
A patient with renal disease is at risk for developing uremia as his nephrons progressively deteriorate because
a. the basement membrane becomes increasingly permeable.
b. filtration exceeds secretory and reabsorptive capacity.
c. excessive solute and water are lost in the urine.
d. GFR declines.
The nurse is administering magnesium hydroxide (Milk of Magnesia) to a patient who has been complaining of constipation and has consistently taken the medication every day for a week. The patient has poor skin turgor, BP 90/60, and HR 120. The nurse should further assess the patient for
a. toxicity.
b. dehydration.
c. increased sodium.
d. increased potassium.
The nurse has admitted a patient to the unit who has been experiencing bowel problems. The patient is to receive a bowel preparation for a radiologic procedure. The nurse would anticipate administration of which of the following medications?
a. Psyllium (Metamucil)
b. Docusate sodium (Colace)
c. Castor oil
d. Bisacodyl (Dulcolax)
The nurse is preparing to administer medications to a patient taking sucralfate (Carafate) and ciprofloxacin (Cipro). The drugs are ordered for 0900. In what manner should the nurse proceed to administer the drugs?
a. The nurse should administer the drugs with a full glass of water.
b. The nurse should ask the prescriber to change the times to prevent concurrent administration.
c. The nurse should administer the two drugs at same time with food.
d. The nurse should administer the ciprofloxacin 15 minutes before the sucralfate.
A Barrett esophagus is
a. best managed with H2 antagonists.
b. a preneoplastic lesion.
c. a benign condition.
d. a gastrin-secreting tumor.
True or False: The presence of white blood cell casts in the urine is indicative of pyelonephritis
A patient comes to the clinic, worried that he may have contracted a sexually transmitted disease. He complains that his lips are cracked, and he has a “thick” tongue and an itchy scrotum. Upon further assessment, the nurse finds cheilosis, glossitis, vascularization of the cornea, and irritated dermatitis of the scrotum. The nurse suspects that these signs and symptoms are consistent with which vitamin deficiency?
a. Riboflavin
b. Thiamin
c. Pyridoxine
d. Niacin
Cholelithiasis is present in ____ % of patients who have acute cholecystitis
The nurse is providing patient education to a group of obese patients. To minimize the risk of vitamin deficiency in patients taking orlistat (Xenical), the nurse should instruct the patients to
a. take Metamucil to reduce the GI effects of orlistat.
b. take a daily multivitamin 2 hours before or after taking orlistat.
c. eat vitamin-rich foods at the same time orlistat is taken.
d. take a daily multivitamin at the same time orlistat is taken.
The nurse, who is caring for a patient with constipation, is preparing to administer morning medications. The nurse determines that concurrent drug administration of which of the following medications most likely would contribute to constipation? (Select all that apply.)
a. Oxycodone/acetaminophen (Percocet)
b. Aluminum hydroxide
c. Benztropine (Cogentin)
d. Ranitidine (Zantac)
e. Diazepam (Valium)
True or False: The exocrine pancreas is stimulated to secrete in response to secretin and cholecystokinin.
Patients with acute pancreatitis are generally not allowed to eat and may require continuous gastric suctioning to
a. prevent abdominal distention.
b. remove the usual stimuli for pancreatic secretion.
c. prevent hyperglycemia associated with loss of insulin secretion.
d. prevent mechanical obstruction of the intestine.
The nurse on an oncology unit is caring for a patient with lung cancer. Prior to the next dose of cisplatin (Platinol-AQ), which antiemetic would the nurse most likely administer to the patient?
a. Metoclopramide (Reglan)
b. Droperidol (Inapsine)
c. Ondansetron (Zofran)
d. Prochlorperazine
Primary risk factor for chronic pancreatitis?
The nurse, who is teaching a class at a local community center, explains to the audience that more patients are using vitamins to supplement their dietary intake. The nurse correctly tells the audience that the role of vitamins in metabolism is that
a. large amounts are required to meet the metabolic needs of an active individual.
b. vitamins are inorganic compounds.
c. vitamins are needed for energy transformation and to regulate metabolic processes.
d. vitamins serve as an energy source, along with proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.
An adult who has been self-medicating, using nutritional therapy for elevated cholesterol, complains of repeated episodes of flushing. The nurse suspects that the patient has been taking
a. niacin.
b. thiamin.
c. riboflavin.
d. pyridoxine.