Matching (20) Match items in column A to column B

Column a Column b
1.
A.
Polycystic kidney disease is
a. always rapidly fatal.
b. due to a streptococcal infection.
c. associated with supernumerary kidney.
d. genetically transmitted.
2.
B.
A person with acute pyelonephritis would most typically have
a. fever.
b. oliguria.
c. edema.
d. hypertension.
3.
C.
The usual treatment for chronic pancreatitis includes
a. pancreatectomy.
b. strict dietary avoidance of fats.
c. abstinence from alcohol.
d. long-term narcotic administration for pain.
4.
D.
The nurse on an oncology unit is caring for a patient with lung cancer. Prior to the next dose of cisplatin (Platinol-AQ), which antiemetic would the nurse most likely administer to the patient?
a. Metoclopramide (Reglan)
b. Droperidol (Inapsine)
c. Ondansetron (Zofran)
d. Prochlorperazine
5.
E.
Which of the following clinical findings would suggest an esophageal rather than an oropharyngeal cause of dysphagia?
a. Nasal regurgitation
b. Airway obstruction with swallowing
c. Chest pain during meals
d. Coughing when swallowing
6.
F.
Renal artery stenosis, hypertension, and nephrosclerosis may all contribute to renal failure by causing
a. hydronephrosis.
b. renal ischemia.
c. nephrosis.
d. renal inflammation.
7.
G.
The most likely cause of anemia in a patient with end-stage renal disease is
a. insufficient erythropoietin.
b. blood loss secondary to hematuria.
c. vitamin B12 deficiency secondary to deficient intrinsic factor.
d. iron deficiency.
8.
H.
The nurse is providing education to a patient with ulcerative colitis who is being treated with sulfasalazine (Azulfidine). What statement by the patient best demonstrates understanding of the action of sulfasalazine?
a. “It treats the infection that triggers the condition.”
b. “It reduces the inflammation.”
c. “It enhances the immune response.”
d. “It increases the reabsorption of fluid.”
9.
I.
A patient is being discharged from the hospital and is receiving patient education about medications, including vitamin C (ascorbic acid). Which symptom would indicate excessive doses of vitamin C?
a. Constipation
b. Seizure activity
c. Excessive bleeding tendencies
d. Gastrointestinal disturbances
10.
J.
The nurse is caring for a psychiatric patient with breast cancer who is just about to receive chemotherapy. What antiemetic would be most appropriate for this patient, who is anticipating nausea?
a. Loperamide (Imodium)
b. Ranitidine (Zantac)
c. Dronabinol (Marinol)
d. Lorazepam (Ativan)
11.
K.
An early indicator of colon cancer is
a. rectal pain.
b. bloody diarrhea.
c. a change in bowel habits.
d. jaundice.
12.
L.
A silent abdomen 3 hours after bowel surgery most likely indicates
a. peritonitis.
b. mechanical bowel obstruction.
c. perforated bowel.
d. functional bowel obstruction.
13.
M.
The nurse is providing patient education to an elderly patient being treated for duodenal ulcers. The prescriber has ordered sucralfate (Carafate). The patient asks the nurse how sucralfate helps heal ulcers. Select the correct explanation given by the nurse.
a. “It creates a protective barrier against pepsin and acid.”
b. “It irreversibly suppresses gastric acidity.”
c. “It inhibits the enzyme that generates gastric acid.”
d. “It enhances prostaglandin production.”
14.
N.
The nurse is caring for a patient with ulcerative colitis who is being treated with azathioprine. Which laboratory test result should be monitored periodically?
a. Microscopic urine examination
b. Complete blood count (CBC) with differential
c. Immunoglobulin survey
d. Serum albumin
15.
O.
The most common cause of mechanical bowel obstruction is
a. volvulus.
b. intussusception.
c. adhesions.
d. fecal impaction.
16.
P.
The nurse would question a prescription for alosetron (Lotronex) for a patient with a history of which health problem or problems? (Select all that apply.)
a. Ulcerative colitis
b. Traveler’s diarrhea
c. Intestinal obstruction
d. Diabetes
e. Diverticulitis
17.
Q.
True or False: Prerenal oliguria is a reversible stage of acute renal failure.
18.
R.
The nurse has admitted a patient to the unit who has been experiencing bowel problems. The patient is to receive a bowel preparation for a radiologic procedure. The nurse would anticipate administration of which of the following medications?
a. Psyllium (Metamucil)
b. Docusate sodium (Colace)
c. Castor oil
d. Bisacodyl (Dulcolax)
19.
S.
The nurse is discussing the mechanism of action of omeprazole (Prilosec) with a group of nursing students. Which statement by a student would best indicate understanding of the mechanism of action of omeprazole?
a. “The duration of action is short, because the drug has a short half-life.”
b. “Absorption occurs in the stomach when the pH is greater than 5.”
c. “It irreversibly inhibits the enzyme needed to produce stomach acid.”
d. “The complete return of acid production occurs 24 hours after discontinuation.”
20.
T.
Combined dysphagia with both solids and liquids is typical of
a. esophageal stricture.
b. achalasia.
c. esophageal tumors.
d. Mallory-Weiss syndrome.