Matching (20) Match items in column A to column B

Column a Column b
1.
A.
True or False: The exocrine pancreas is stimulated to secrete in response to secretin and cholecystokinin.
2.
B.
The pathophysiologic basis of acute glomerulonephritis is
a. renal ischemia.
b. bacterial invasion of the glomerulus.
c. an anaphylactic reaction.
d. an immune complex reaction.
3.
C.
A deficiency of lipid digestion or absorption commonly results in
a. steatorrhea.
b. constipation.
c. hyperlipidemia.
d. cholelithiasis.
4.
D.
A patient admitted to the unit for dehydration tells the nurse that he has not had a bowel movement in 5 days, and he typically has one daily. The nurse administers psyllium (Metamucil) as ordered and should monitor the patient for
a. bright red stools.
b. black, tarry stools.
c. pale, clay-colored stools.
d. intestinal obstruction.
5.
E.
The oliguric phase of acute tubular necrosis is characterized by
a. polyuria and nocturia.
b. rapidly developing uremia.
c. inability to concentrate urine.
d. enhanced glomerular filtration.
6.
F.
Which of the following signs is consistent with a diagnosis of glomerulonephritis?
a. Pyuria
b. Proteinuria
c. White blood cell casts in the urine
d. Foul-smelling urine
7.
G.
PUD
8.
H.
The organism most commonly associated with acute pyelonephritis is
a. Streptococcus.
b. Escherichia coli.
c. Klebsiella.
d. Enterobacter.
9.
I.
People with alcoholism and those who take isoniazid should be monitored for which vitamin B6–related complications? (Select all that apply.)
a. Sprue
b. Glossitis
c. Microcytic anemia
d. Seborrheic dermatitis
e. Changes in neurologic function
10.
J.
True or False: the presence of red blood cell casts in the urine is indicative of glomerulonephritis.
11.
K.
The nurse is teaching a class to a community group about peptic ulcer disease. Which statement about the use of anticholinergics for PUD is correct?
a. “Because very high doses of these drugs are needed to inhibit acid secretion, the side effects usually are unacceptable to those taking the drug.”
b. “Anticholinergics can cause diarrhea, glucose intolerance, and dehydration.”
c. “Anticholinergics are the drugs of choice for most patients with peptic ulcer disease.”
d. “Anticholinergics can cure PUD when used as single-agent therapy.”
12.
L.
The nurse is caring for a patient who is receiving chemotherapy. The patient complains of nausea and begins to vomit. The nurse administers ondansetron (Zofran) to alleviate the nausea. Which medication given concurrently with ondansetron would increase its effectiveness?
a. Dexamethasone (Decadron)
b. Ranitidine (Zantac)
c. Loperamide (Imodium)
d. Alosetron (Lotronex)
13.
M.
The nurse, who is teaching a class at a local community center, explains to the audience that more patients are using vitamins to supplement their dietary intake. The nurse correctly tells the audience that the role of vitamins in metabolism is that
a. large amounts are required to meet the metabolic needs of an active individual.
b. vitamins are inorganic compounds.
c. vitamins are needed for energy transformation and to regulate metabolic processes.
d. vitamins serve as an energy source, along with proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.
14.
N.
Appropriate therapy for prerenal oliguria includes
a. fluid administration.
b. potassium supplementation.
c. fluid restriction.
d. protein restriction.
15.
O.
The nurse is providing patient education to a patient who has been diagnosed with scurvy. The nurse would be correct to tell the patient that she is deficient in
a. folic acid.
b. ascorbic acid.
c. nicotinic acid.
d. riboflavin.
16.
P.
Encopresis
17.
Q.
Polycystic kidney disease is
a. always rapidly fatal.
b. due to a streptococcal infection.
c. associated with supernumerary kidney.
d. genetically transmitted.
18.
R.
A patient with diarrhea has been prescribed methylcellulose (Citrucel). The patient asks the nurse, “I thought this was for constipation. Why am I getting it?” Select the most appropriate response from the nurse.
a. “Methylcellulose adds bulk to the stool to firm it up.”
b. “Methylcellulose acts by reducing the volume of diarrhea.”
c. “Methylcellulose reduces intestinal motility, slowing intestinal transit.”
d. “Methylcellulose stimulates the bowel to eliminate the diarrhea, leaving only formed stools.”
19.
S.
Which of the following is not usually associated with nephrosis?
a. Hyperlipidemia
b. Proteinuria
c. Hematuria
d. Generalized edema
20.
T.
A biliary cause of acute pancreatitis is suggested by which of the following laboratory results?
a. Elevated serum lipase
b. Elevated serum amylase
c. Elevated serum glucose
d. Elevated serum alkaline phosphatase