Matching (20) Match items in column A to column B

Column a Column b
1.
A.
Cholelithiasis is present in ____ % of patients who have acute cholecystitis
2.
B.
A patient with gouty arthritis develops renal calculi. The composition of these calculi is most likely to be
a. calcium oxalate.
b. struvite.
c. cysteine.
d. uric acid crystals.
3.
C.
True or False: The exocrine pancreas is stimulated to secrete in response to secretin and cholecystokinin.
4.
D.
The first indication of vitamin A deficiency is
a. easy bruising.
b. sore tongue.
c. poor night vision.
d. sore, bleeding gums.
5.
E.
The oliguric phase of acute tubular necrosis is characterized by
a. polyuria and nocturia.
b. rapidly developing uremia.
c. inability to concentrate urine.
d. enhanced glomerular filtration.
6.
F.
While planning care for obese patients, two nurses are contrasting the differences between orlistat (Xenical) and other weight-loss agents. Which of the following statements best demonstrates how orlistat is different from most weight-loss drugs?
a. It reduces fat absorption in the intestines.
b. It suppresses the appetite center in the brain.
c. It increases the metabolism to help burn calories.
d. It increases serotonin levels and improves mood.
7.
G.
The pain that accompanies kidney disorders is called
a. nephritic.
b. nephralgia.
c. nephrotic.
d. nephronitis.
8.
H.
True or False: Patients with end-stage renal disease are at a high risk of developing hypocalcemia.
9.
I.
True or False: Patients with acute renal failure commonly develop metabolic acidosis because of impaired kidney secretion of H+.
10.
J.
A high urine sodium and a fractional sodium excretion greater than 1 is associated with
a. hypovolemia.
b. acute tubular necrosis.
c. prerenal oliguria.
d. activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone cascade.
11.
K.
The nurse is caring for a patient with Crohn’s disease. The patient has been taking metronidazole (Flagyl) for 6 months. The patient begins to complain of numbness and tingling in the extremities. The nurse should suspect
a. myopathy.
b. peripheral neuropathy.
c. myalgia.
d. extrapyramidal symptoms.
12.
L.
The stage of “renal insufficiency” of chronic kidney disease is associated with
a. destruction of more than 90% of total nephrons.
b. uremic syndrome.
c. polyuria and nocturia.
d. proteinuria and hypoproteinemia.
13.
M.
Achalasia
14.
N.
True or False: The presence of white blood cell casts in the urine is indicative of pyelonephritis
15.
O.
The nurse is preparing to provide the patient with methylcellulose (Citrucel). The patient asks the nurse how this type of laxative works. The nurse correctly states that this laxative is known as a(n) _________________ laxative and works by __________________.
a. bulk-forming; functioning as dietary fiber
b. surfactant; softening the feces
c. stimulant; stimulating peristalsis
d. osmotic; retaining water and softening the feces
16.
P.
Which of the following findings would rule out a diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome in a patient with chronic diarrhea?
a. Negative stool leukocytes
b. Intermittent constipation
c. Abdominal pain and distention
d. Bloody stools
17.
Q.
The nurse is caring for a patient who is receiving chemotherapy. The patient complains of nausea and begins to vomit. The nurse administers ondansetron (Zofran) to alleviate the nausea. Which medication given concurrently with ondansetron would increase its effectiveness?
a. Dexamethasone (Decadron)
b. Ranitidine (Zantac)
c. Loperamide (Imodium)
d. Alosetron (Lotronex)
18.
R.
The nurse is caring for a pregnant patient who is suffering from severe traveler’s diarrhea. The nurse should prepare to administer
a. azithromycin (Zithromax).
b. ciprofloxacin (Cipro).
c. levofloxacin (Levaquin).
d. doxycycline (Vibramycin).
19.
S.
Appropriate therapy for prerenal oliguria includes
a. fluid administration.
b. potassium supplementation.
c. fluid restriction.
d. protein restriction.
20.
T.
Which of the following signs is consistent with a diagnosis of glomerulonephritis?
a. Pyuria
b. Proteinuria
c. White blood cell casts in the urine
d. Foul-smelling urine