Matching (20) Match items in column A to column B

Column a Column b
1.
A.
The nurse, who is teaching a class at a local community center, explains to the audience that more patients are using vitamins to supplement their dietary intake. The nurse correctly tells the audience that the role of vitamins in metabolism is that
a. large amounts are required to meet the metabolic needs of an active individual.
b. vitamins are inorganic compounds.
c. vitamins are needed for energy transformation and to regulate metabolic processes.
d. vitamins serve as an energy source, along with proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.
2.
B.
Achalasia
3.
C.
What information would be most important for the nurse to provide to a patient requesting a prn dose of magnesium hydroxide (Milk of Magnesia)?
a. “You will need to increase your fluid intake.”
b. “Avoid drinking milk for an hour after the magnesium hydroxide.”
c. “I’ll need to get a prescriber’s order for mineral oil to avoid irritation.”
d. “You can expect immediate results.”
4.
D.
While planning care for obese patients, two nurses are contrasting the differences between orlistat (Xenical) and other weight-loss agents. Which of the following statements best demonstrates how orlistat is different from most weight-loss drugs?
a. It reduces fat absorption in the intestines.
b. It suppresses the appetite center in the brain.
c. It increases the metabolism to help burn calories.
d. It increases serotonin levels and improves mood.
5.
E.
The pathophysiologic basis of acute glomerulonephritis is
a. renal ischemia.
b. bacterial invasion of the glomerulus.
c. an anaphylactic reaction.
d. an immune complex reaction.
6.
F.
A patient is placed on a multidrug regimen that includes bismuth for treatment of peptic ulcer disease (PUD). The nurse should include which of the following points when providing patient education?
a. One week of therapy should heal ulcers, relieve symptoms, and eradicate H. pylori.
b. Resolution of pain indicates that the ulcer has healed.
c. The tongue and stool may turn black.
d. A single-antibiotic regimen is preferable to a multi-antibiotic regimen whenever possible.
7.
G.
The nurse is preparing to administer magnesium hydroxide (Milk of Magnesia) per a patient’s request for a laxative. The patient asks the nurse how this medication works. Which of the following would be a correct statement by the nurse?
a. “It draws water into the colon to soften the feces.”
b. “It lubricates the passage of stool.”
c. “It increases bulk in the colon.”
d. “It stimulates the nerves that regulate defecation.”
8.
H.
Which of the following signs is consistent with a diagnosis of glomerulonephritis?
a. Pyuria
b. Proteinuria
c. White blood cell casts in the urine
d. Foul-smelling urine
9.
I.
True or False: Patients with acute renal failure commonly develop metabolic acidosis because of impaired kidney secretion of H+.
10.
J.
The nurse is caring for a psychiatric patient with breast cancer who is just about to receive chemotherapy. What antiemetic would be most appropriate for this patient, who is anticipating nausea?
a. Loperamide (Imodium)
b. Ranitidine (Zantac)
c. Dronabinol (Marinol)
d. Lorazepam (Ativan)
11.
K.
Cholelithiasis is present in ____ % of patients who have acute cholecystitis
12.
L.
A patient who is a known chronic alcoholic is admitted to the emergency department. Upon assessment, the nurse notes nystagmus, diplopia, and ataxia. The nurse is correct to suspect
a. dry beriberi.
b. hepatic encephalopathy.
c. riboflavin deficiency.
d. Wernicke-Korsakoff
13.
M.
Cholelithiasis
14.
N.
True or False: Esophagitis pain is similar in location and pattern to myocardial chest pain.
15.
O.
Most gallstones are composed of
a. bile.
b. cholesterol.
c. calcium.
d. uric acid salts.
16.
P.
Which of the following interventions has been found to retard the advancement of chronic kidney disease?
a. Calcium supplementation
b. Erythropoietin
c. Insulin
d. ACE inhibitors or A-II receptor blockers
17.
Q.
The most likely cause of anemia in a patient with end-stage renal disease is
a. insufficient erythropoietin.
b. blood loss secondary to hematuria.
c. vitamin B12 deficiency secondary to deficient intrinsic factor.
d. iron deficiency.
18.
R.
Epigastric pain that is relieved by food is suggestive of
a. pancreatitis.
b. cardiac angina.
c. gastric ulcer.
d. dysphagia.
19.
S.
A patient with pancreatitis may experience muscle cramps and laryngospasm secondary to
a. alkalosis.
b. hyperglycemia.
c. hypocalcemia.
d. hypermagnesemia.
20.
T.
A patient admitted to the unit for dehydration tells the nurse that he has not had a bowel movement in 5 days, and he typically has one daily. The nurse administers psyllium (Metamucil) as ordered and should monitor the patient for
a. bright red stools.
b. black, tarry stools.
c. pale, clay-colored stools.
d. intestinal obstruction.