Matching (20) Match items in column A to column B

Column a Column b
1.
A.
The nurse is providing patient education about the use of vitamins. Which statement by the patient demonstrates a need for further teaching?
a. “Night blindness may indicate a vitamin A deficiency.”
b. “I take vitamin E for its antioxidant effects.”
c. “Scurvy is caused by excess vitamin C.”
d. “Deficiency of folic acid may lead to birth defects.”
2.
B.
True or False: The exocrine pancreas is stimulated to secrete in response to secretin and cholecystokinin.
3.
C.
Odynophagia
4.
D.
The nurse is providing discharge teaching for an obese patient who is going home on sibutramine (Meridia). Which statement by the patient demonstrates a need for further education?
a. “I may experience a headache while taking this drug.”
b. “I may experience an increase in my heart rate.”
c. “This medication will help me lose weight by suppressing my appetite.”
d. “I can expect to have diarrhea while taking this medication.”
5.
E.
The nurse is providing patient education to a group of obese patients. To minimize the risk of vitamin deficiency in patients taking orlistat (Xenical), the nurse should instruct the patients to
a. take Metamucil to reduce the GI effects of orlistat.
b. take a daily multivitamin 2 hours before or after taking orlistat.
c. eat vitamin-rich foods at the same time orlistat is taken.
d. take a daily multivitamin at the same time orlistat is taken.
6.
F.
At his most recent clinic visit, a patient with end-stage renal disease is noted to have edema, congestive signs in the pulmonary system, and a pericardial friction rub. Appropriate therapy at this time would include
a. initiation of dialysis.
b. fluid restriction.
c. antibiotics.
d. phlebotomy.
7.
G.
A person with acute pyelonephritis would most typically have
a. fever.
b. oliguria.
c. edema.
d. hypertension.
8.
H.
Histamine antagonists may be used in the management of peptic ulcer disease to
a. increase gastric motility.
b. inhibit secretion of pepsinogen.
c. neutralize gastric acid.
d. decrease hydrochloric acid (HCl) secretion.
9.
I.
Which of the following are benefits of a weight-loss program? (Select all that apply.)
a. Reduction of blood pressure in hypertensive patients
b. Prevention of type 1 diabetes
c. Increase in high-density lipoprotein
d. Reduction of glucose in individual with type 2 diabetes
e. Increase in low-density lipoprotein
10.
J.
A patient comes to the clinic, worried that he may have contracted a sexually transmitted disease. He complains that his lips are cracked, and he has a “thick” tongue and an itchy scrotum. Upon further assessment, the nurse finds cheilosis, glossitis, vascularization of the cornea, and irritated dermatitis of the scrotum. The nurse suspects that these signs and symptoms are consistent with which vitamin deficiency?
a. Riboflavin
b. Thiamin
c. Pyridoxine
d. Niacin
11.
K.
Polycystic kidney disease is
a. always rapidly fatal.
b. due to a streptococcal infection.
c. associated with supernumerary kidney.
d. genetically transmitted.
12.
L.
The nurse on an oncology unit is caring for a patient with lung cancer. Prior to the next dose of cisplatin (Platinol-AQ), which antiemetic would the nurse most likely administer to the patient?
a. Metoclopramide (Reglan)
b. Droperidol (Inapsine)
c. Ondansetron (Zofran)
d. Prochlorperazine
13.
M.
Which of the following signs is consistent with a diagnosis of glomerulonephritis?
a. Pyuria
b. Proteinuria
c. White blood cell casts in the urine
d. Foul-smelling urine
14.
N.
The nurse is providing education for a patient taking bisacodyl (Dulcolax) tablets daily. Which statement by the patient best demonstrates the need for further teaching?
a. “I should swallow the pill intact.”
b. “I should take the pills with milk or dairy products.”
c. “The pill will be effective within 6 to 12 hours.”
d. “Most people take the pill at bedtime, with good results in the morning.”
15.
O.
The nurse is providing patient education to a patient who has been diagnosed with scurvy. The nurse would be correct to tell the patient that she is deficient in
a. folic acid.
b. ascorbic acid.
c. nicotinic acid.
d. riboflavin.
16.
P.
The pain that accompanies kidney disorders is called
a. nephritic.
b. nephralgia.
c. nephrotic.
d. nephronitis.
17.
Q.
A patient on antiulcer therapy complains of reduced libido and impotence. The nurse identifies a knowledge deficit in the patient. During teaching, the nurse informs the patient that _______ has been shown to cause reduced libido and impotence.
a. nizatidine (Axid)
b. cimetidine (Tagamet)
c. ranitidine (Zantac)
d. famotidine (Pepcid)
18.
R.
The nurse would question a prescription for alosetron (Lotronex) for a patient with a history of which health problem or problems? (Select all that apply.)
a. Ulcerative colitis
b. Traveler’s diarrhea
c. Intestinal obstruction
d. Diabetes
e. Diverticulitis
19.
S.
A patient who should be routinely evaluated for peptic ulcer disease is one who is
a. taking 6 to 8 tablets of acetaminophen per day.
b. being treated with high-dose oral glucocorticoids.
c. experiencing work-related stress.
d. routinely drinking alcoholic beverages.
20.
T.
When metronidazole (Flagyl) is a component of the H. pylori treatment regimen, the patient must be instructed to
a. avoid foods containing tyramine.
b. take the drug with food.
c. take the drug on an empty stomach.
d. avoid any alcoholic beverages.