Matching (20) Match items in column A to column B

Column a Column b
1.
A.
Which of the following are benefits of a weight-loss program? (Select all that apply.)
a. Reduction of blood pressure in hypertensive patients
b. Prevention of type 1 diabetes
c. Increase in high-density lipoprotein
d. Reduction of glucose in individual with type 2 diabetes
e. Increase in low-density lipoprotein
2.
B.
The most common cause of mechanical bowel obstruction is
a. volvulus.
b. intussusception.
c. adhesions.
d. fecal impaction.
3.
C.
An adult who has been self-medicating, using nutritional therapy for elevated cholesterol, complains of repeated episodes of flushing. The nurse suspects that the patient has been taking
a. niacin.
b. thiamin.
c. riboflavin.
d. pyridoxine.
4.
D.
The nurse, who is caring for a patient with constipation, is preparing to administer morning medications. The nurse determines that concurrent drug administration of which of the following medications most likely would contribute to constipation? (Select all that apply.)
a. Oxycodone/acetaminophen (Percocet)
b. Aluminum hydroxide
c. Benztropine (Cogentin)
d. Ranitidine (Zantac)
e. Diazepam (Valium)
5.
E.
A patient with renal disease is at risk for developing uremia as his nephrons progressively deteriorate because
a. the basement membrane becomes increasingly permeable.
b. filtration exceeds secretory and reabsorptive capacity.
c. excessive solute and water are lost in the urine.
d. GFR declines.
6.
F.
Candidates for the use of sibutramine (Meridia) who have no other risk factors should have a BMI of at least
a. 25.
b. 27.
c. 30.
d. 35.
7.
G.
Osteodystrophy commonly occurs in patients with end-stage renal disease because of
a. hypoparathyroidism.
b. hypercalcemia.
c. insufficient active vitamin D.
d. phosphate deficiency.
8.
H.
Which of the following symptoms suggests the presence of a hiatal hernia?
a. Nausea
b. Heartburn
c. Diarrhea
d. Abdominal cramps
9.
I.
Celiac sprue is a malabsorptive disorder associated with
a. inflammatory reaction to gluten-containing foods.
b. megacolon at regions of autonomic denervation.
c. ulceration of the distal colon and rectum.
d. deficient production of pancreatic enzymes.
10.
J.
True or False: Prerenal acute renal failure occurs when kidney perfusion is impaired.
11.
K.
Mechanical bowel obstruction
12.
L.
An early indicator of colon cancer is
a. rectal pain.
b. bloody diarrhea.
c. a change in bowel habits.
d. jaundice.
13.
M.
While planning care for obese patients, two nurses are contrasting the differences between orlistat (Xenical) and other weight-loss agents. Which of the following statements best demonstrates how orlistat is different from most weight-loss drugs?
a. It reduces fat absorption in the intestines.
b. It suppresses the appetite center in the brain.
c. It increases the metabolism to help burn calories.
d. It increases serotonin levels and improves mood.
14.
N.
True or False: Patients with end-stage renal disease are at a high risk of developing hypocalcemia.
15.
O.
The pathophysiologic basis of acute glomerulonephritis is
a. renal ischemia.
b. bacterial invasion of the glomerulus.
c. an anaphylactic reaction.
d. an immune complex reaction.
16.
P.
A patient is placed on a multidrug regimen that includes bismuth for treatment of peptic ulcer disease (PUD). The nurse should include which of the following points when providing patient education?
a. One week of therapy should heal ulcers, relieve symptoms, and eradicate H. pylori.
b. Resolution of pain indicates that the ulcer has healed.
c. The tongue and stool may turn black.
d. A single-antibiotic regimen is preferable to a multi-antibiotic regimen whenever possible.
17.
Q.
The usual treatment for chronic pancreatitis includes
a. pancreatectomy.
b. strict dietary avoidance of fats.
c. abstinence from alcohol.
d. long-term narcotic administration for pain.
18.
R.
The nurse in a clinic is caring for an obese adult patient who requests dexfenfluramine (Redux) after reading about the drug online. The nurse should instruct the patient that this drug
a. has been approved for long-term weight control.
b. is indicated only for obese patients with hypertension or heart disease.
c. was removed from the market because of associated heart damage.
d. may help with weight loss, but diet management should be used first.
19.
S.
Odynophagia
20.
T.
Renal artery stenosis, hypertension, and nephrosclerosis may all contribute to renal failure by causing
a. hydronephrosis.
b. renal ischemia.
c. nephrosis.
d. renal inflammation.