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15 Cards in this Set

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EE said that individuals needed to accomplish a particular task b/f ...
sucessfully completing the stage.
Each task is framed w/ opposing conflicts.
Each stage builds upon the previous developmental conflict.
what is necessary to accomplish a task?
mastering the previous tasks. Tasks once mastered are challenged and tested during new situations or at times of conflict
INFANTS

birth - 1 year old is what stage?
trust vs mistrust
trust vrs mistrust is about learn thru oral stage to trust caregivers as they trust themselves. when is trust achieved?
when the infant lets the caregiver get out of sight w/o stressing out. Key to this is constant caregiving.
the Toddler is the second stage, age 1 - 3 years. What is this stage called?
Autonomy vs Sense of Shame & Doubt
The Toddler 1- 3 age is growing and has b/c proficient in basic self care. They can walk, feed. toliet. This newfound independence is the result of...
maturation & imitation. The toddler develops their autonomy by making choices.
But what does the Toddler also learn at this stage?
That there are expectations put on them by parents and society about their choices. SO THE NURSE CAN MODEL EMPATHETIC GUIDANCE BY TRYING NOT TO LIMIT CHOICES OR HARSE PUNISHMENT THAT CAN LEAD TO SHAME & DOUBT!
The preschool period in EE is ages 3 - 6 years. It is called the ...
initative vs guilt stage.
Why are preschoolers having initiative vs guilt issues?
children like to pretend and try out new roles. Fantasy & imagination allow children to explore enviroment. They are also developing Superego, or conscience!
So preschoolers have conscience, or Superego. where does the conclict come in?
conflict arises when child's desire to explore and the limits placed on his behavior. This leads to frustration and guilt.
EE then tells about the Middle child who is ages 6 - 11 years. Just b/f publerty. This is called the industrous vs inferiority stage. why?
kid is eager to go to school, to learn stuff. They learn to play with others. These kids also love praise. But if kid can't learn something others can, and can't get praise b/c of it; skill is too difficult; they feel inadequit and inferior.
The next stage is age puberty or Adolescent. What big crisis awakes the Adolescent?
indentity vs role confusion

sexual bloom causes dramatic changes. They start thinking? Who am I? This is a sense of identity. Adolescent startes to move independently thru society.
So adolesecnt also has new social demands, opportunities, and conflicts with new identity and seperation from mom and dad. So what?
the nurse can provide education & guidance for the parent about changes & challenges. Who am I can be assisted by nurse in dealing with illness with information to allow them to make decisions about their Tx plan
Young Adult is the next stage and is age 20 to 50 I guess. what is the conflict?
itimacy vs isolation. The person must If this person hasn't devolped a good sense of self, they feel weird w/ society, don't fit in, and therefor can't find friends or mate.
What can a nurse do or provide for a Young Adult at this stage?
Nurse can simply understand that during hospitalization young adults may benefit from support from anybody they know b/c this strengthens their need for intimacy.