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149 Cards in this Set

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Insect Blood
Hemocytes
First on the scene
granulocytes
contain anti-microbial proteins in cytoplasm
granulocytes
start the encapsulation reaction
granulocytes
Primary part of the encapsulation
plasmatocytes
act like human platelets
plasmatocytes
release prophenoloxidase
granulocytes
cause melanin to form during encapsulation
prophenoloxidase
Mostly Vegetarian suborder
Polyphaga
Mostly Predacious Suborder
Adephaga
Important Decomposers
Histeridae
Hister Beetles
Histeridae
Oval Shaped 1-10 mm long
Histeridae
Elytra leave 1 or 2 segments exposed
Histeridae
end segments showing (hysterical)
Histeridae
Featherwing Beetles
Ptiliidae
less than 1 mm long
Ptiliidae
coleoptera that eat fungi
Ptiliidae
Rove Beetles
Family Staphylinidae
Largest Family of Beetles
Family Staphylinidae
very short elytra
Family Staphylinidae
hold abdomen up in air
Family Staphylinidae
Bess Beetles
Family Passalidae
Social coleoptera family
Family Passalidae
grooved elytra and horn
Family Passalidae
Stag Beetles
Family Lucanidae
Extremely Large Mandibles
Family Lucanidae
Scarab Beetles
Family Scarabaeidae
dung beetles, chafers, rhino beetles, june beetles, japanese beetles, goliath beetles
Family Scarabaeidae
clubbed antennae
Family Scarabaeidae
Larvae consume roots underground
Family Scarabaeidae
c-shaped larvae
Family Scarabaeidae
Wood boring Beetle
Family Buprestidae
wood borers as larvae and adults
Family Buprestidae
Larvae have HUGE heads
Family Buprestidae
Bullet shaped body
Family Buprestidae
Metallic Coloration
Family Buprestidae
Click Beetles
Family Elateridae
Click Beetles
Family Elateridae
very distinctive connection between abdomen and thorax
Family Elateridae
Soldier Beetles
Family Cantharidae
Looks like lampyridae but head not covered by pronotum
Family Cantharidae
flexible elytra
Family Cantharidae
soldier beetles
Family Cantharidae
fireflies
Family Lampyridae
looks like cantharidae
Family Lampyridae
head concealed by pronotum
Family Lampyridae
last 2 or 3 segments are luminous
Family Lampyridae
Bark Beetles
Family Bostricidae
eat wool, leather, carpet, curtains, sweaters
Family Dermestidae
Used in forensic science
Family Dermestidae
used to clean skeletons for museums
Family Dermestidae
Ladybugs
Family Coccinellidae
many feed on aphids
Family Coccinellidae
Darkling Beetles
Family Tenebrionidae
Pest of stored grain/cereal
Family Tenebrionidae
Blister Beetle
Family Meloidae
Produce toxic cantharidin
Family Meloidae
Longhorned Beetles
Family Cerambycidae
very distinctive antennae
Family Cerambycidae
3rd tarsal segment is bilobed
Family Cerambycidae
Flower Beetles
Family Chrysomelidae
Have Bilobed tarsal segments but not long antennae
Family Chrysomelidae
Weevil
Family Curculionidae
Mouthparts are at end of long stalk attached to face
Family Curculionidae
Makes egg protein in mosquitos
fat body
egg yolk protein
vitelline
egg yolk protein before it enters the egg
vitellogenin
synthesis of vitellogenin
vitellogenesis
Cellular Immune response
phagocytosis and encapsulation
humoral responses
phenol oxidase cascade, antimicrobial peptides, nitric oxide
whirligig beetles
Family Gyrinidae
Common aquatic beetle with characteristic swimming pattern
Family Gyrinidae
split eyes aquatic
Family Gyrinidae
flattened legs good for swimming
Family Gyrinidae
predacious diving beetles
Family Dytiscidae
oar like legs swimming
Family Dytiscidae
filiform antennae
Family Dytiscidae
eyes not split like gyrinidae
Family Dytiscidae
fast runners and good fliers
Family carabidae
Tiger Beetles
subfamily cicindelidae
coxae divide first abdominal segment
family carabidae
coxae dont divide first abdominal segment
family tenebrionidae
Hooks that link front and hind wings
hamuli
method of linking wings where two parts interlink
hook and frenulum
front wing has a single hook that links wings
Jugum
act as gyroscopes
halteres
direct muscles power flight
Paleoptera
both up and down motion caused by separate muscles attached to wings
Paleoptera
one nerve pulse per contraction
Paleoptera
indirect flight muscles
neoptera
asynchronous muscle
neoptera
hymenoptera without "waist"
suborder symphyta
hymenoptera with waist
suborder Apocrita
Parasitoid wasps
SuperFamily Ichneumonoidea
Gall Wasps
Superfamily Cynipoidea
Chalcid Wasps
Superfamily Chalcidoidea
Stinging Hymenoptera
Superfamily Aculeata
Cuckoo wasps
Superfamily Chrysidoidea
Sphecid wasps - carnivores
Superfamily Sphecoidea
Bees (original) vegetarians
Superfamily Apoidea
Saw Flies
Family Tenthredinidae
Use Ovipositor to saw into wood
Family Tenthredinidae
6-8 pair of prolegs and look like lepidoptera larvae
Family Tenthredinidae
Long ovipositor to inject eggs and venom
Family Ichneomonidae
some are parasitoids of other parasitoids
Family Ichneomonidae
Larva weave cocoons outside host body
Family Braconidae
Gall Wasps
Superfamily Cynipoidea
Cuckoo Wasps
Family Chrysididae
Most primitive stinging hymenoptera
Family Chrysididae
lay eggs in nests of solitary bees
Family Chrysididae
Mud Dauber Wasps
Super Family Sphecoidea
predators not parasites
Super Family Sphecoidea
females use captured prey to feed to young rather than grow inside
Super Family Sphecoidea
No visible ovipositor and seen carrying prey
Super Family Sphecoidea
Ovipositor not used for stinging
Family Braconidae
Corbicluate Bees
Family Apidae
Bumblebees
Subfamily Bombinae
nest in ground and use rodent holes when possible
Subfamily Bombinae
Honey Bees
Subfamily Apinae
Regulated by membrane potential
voltage gated ion channels
triggered to open by a sudden reversal of potential or when potential reaches a threshhold
voltage-gated ion channel
DDT
Organochlorine Insecticide
causes volatge gated ion channel to stay open for longer
organochlorine inssecticide
Lindane
Organochlorine Insecticide
acts the same was as DDT
Pyrethrum
Synthetic version of Pyrethrum
Permethrin
Pyrethrum and Permethrin
Pyrethroid
Excitatory Neurotransmitter most prevalent in interneuron synapses
Acetylcholine
Excitatory neurotransmitter used in neuromuscular junctions
Glutamate
Breaks up acetylcholine to stop the signal
acetylcholine esterase
irreversible inhibitors of Acetylcholine esterase
Organophosphate insecticides
attacks serine at active site of the enzyme
Organophosphate insecticides
more toxic to humans but less stable
Organophosphate insecticides
reversible inhibitors of acetylcholine esterase
Carbamate insecticides
insecticide examples - carbary and sevin
Carbamate insecticides
make muscle less likely to twitch and neuron less likely to transmit signal
hyperpolarized
make muscle more likely to twitch or neuron more likely to signal
depolarized
excitatory
depolarized
inhibitory
hyperpolarized
Block GABA gated chloride Channel
Cyclodiene Insecticides
Dieldrin
Cyclodiene Insecticides
causes bugs to die from jitters
Cyclodiene Insecticides
Keeps GABA receptor open
Avermectin
Causes insect to slow down till death
Avermectin
bad for collies and sheep dogs
Avermectin
Molecular change to the target of the insecticide
Target site resistance
Expression of an enzyme that somehow detoxifies the insecticide
metabolic resistance
Change in behavior so that insect avoids insecticide
Behavior resistance