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25 Cards in this Set

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notes or chords ending a section of music
cadence
an improvised passage for the soloist in the concerto, or sometimes in other works
cadenza
music played by small groups, such as string quartet or a piano trio
chamber music
a three movement work for an instrumental soloist and orchestra
classical concerto
a large group of instruments playing together
classical orchestra
the concluding section of a piece or a movement, after the main elements of the form have been presented
coda
the process of expanding themes and short motives into larger sections of music
development
an 18th century genre of light instrumental music, designed for entertainment
divertimento
the first section of a fugue or a sonata for movement
exposition
the technique of reducing a theme or fragmentary motives
fragmentation
monophonic texture in which subtly different versions of a singlemelody are presented simultaneously
Heterophonic Texture
a musical texture that involves only one melody of real interest, combined with chords or other subsidiary sounds
homophony
a popular 17th and 18th century dance in moderate triple meter, also a movement in sonata, symphony, etc based on this dance
minuet form
an 18th century movement in the art returning to Greek and Roman models
neoclassicism
italian comic opera
opera buffo
the third section of a sonata - form movement
recapitulation
in sonta form, the passage leading from the end of the development section into the beginning of the recapitulation
retransition
a musical form consisting of one main theme or tune alternating with themes or sections (ABACA, ABACABA)
Rondo
a style of composition in the 18th century and characterized by a high degree of ornamentation and lightnesss of expression
Rococo
a chamber music piece in several movements, typically for three main instruments plus continuo in the Baroque Period, and for only one or two instruments since then
sonata
a form developed by the Classical composers and used in almost all the first movements of their symphonies, sonatas, etc...
Sonata Allegro form
an instrumental group consisting of two violins, viola, and cello; or a piece composed for this group;or the four players themselves
String Quartet
a large orchestral piece in several movements
symphony
a three part musical form in which the last section repeats the first: ABA form
Ternary Form
a form consisting of a tune plus a number of variations on it
Theme and Variation Form