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30 Cards in this Set

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Pseudopod
Movement and Feeding of an Ameba
Contractile Vacuole
Expels the surplus amount of water out the cell
Cell Membrane
Acts as a barrier, gives ameba it's indefinite shape
Food Vacuole
Where food is broken down and distributed to the cell
Nucleus
controls cells function and is involved in reproduction
Cytoplasm
holds protists cell parts, and allows chemical reactions to occur
Cilia
Used for movement and feeding
Oral Groove
Funnel that allows water and food to be transported to a food vacuole
Macronucleus
controls functions of cell
Micronucleus
passes genes to other protist during sexual reproduction
Pellicle
gives protist shape and protection
Anal pore
get's rid o waste
Eyespot
helps identify light for making food
Chloroplast
sunlight captured in here and food is made here
Flagellum
helps organism move& feed
How does an ameba move?
The cell membrane of an ameba bulges and cytoplasm fills the bulge. The ameba moves slowly because of this
How does an Paramecium move?
Cilia of a paramecium beat in one direction and the paramecium moves, tiny oars
How does an Euglena move?
The eyespot identifies light, and the flagellum moves the Euglena toward the light
How does an Ameba ingest, digest, and excrete food?
The pseudopod wraps around the food, forming a food vacuole. In the vacuole enzymes breakdown the food. And waste is gone by the contractile vacuole.
How does a Paramecium injest, digest, and excrete food?
Cilia gets food into the oral groove through the gullet. Enzymes breakdown food in the food vacuole. And waste gone by the anal pore
How does a Euglena injest, digest, and excrete food?
Photosynthesis, sunlight is converted into sugar, and oxygen is given off as waste. Flagella pushes food in the mouth, food digested in cytoplasm, and waste is gone through the contractile vacuole.
Characteristics of Fungi are...
1. consumers(decomposers), no chlorphyll
2. most reproduce by spores
3. Mostly multicellular and yeast is only unicellular
4. Eukaryotes
How do most fungi obtain their food?
1. Spores land, and hyphae grow into a food source
2. Digestive chemicals ooze out from tips of hyphae, and in the food source
3. Digestive chemicals breakdown food into small substances that can be absorbed by the hyphae
How do fungi reproduce in both favorable and non-favorable environmental conditions?
Reproduce by producing lightweight spores that are moved by air and water. Reproduce by having a fruiting body.Asexually, favorable, and budding = yeast. Sexually reproduce when conditions aren't favorable. Two hyphae grow together and they form a fruiting body, and spores develop and they differ from either parent hyphae.
Explain three ways fungi are part of the living world.
Environmental Recycling; breakdown chemicals in dead and decaying matter, adn nutrients are restored to soil.
Fungi and Food;
Yeast used to make bread and wine. Mushrooms in salads, and molds useful to make cheese.
Fungi and Plant's Roots; symbotic and mutalistic realationship when Fungus grows amoung the roots of a plants. Hyphae-roots
What are the four main groups of Fungi?
Thread-like Fungi, Sac Fungi, Club Fungi, and Imperfect fungi
What are characteristics of Thread-like Fungi, and what are 2 examples?
Characteristics:
- 600 species of mold
- fruiting body is sporangium
- hyphae is shapeless and fuzzy
Examples:
- Bread Mold
- Rhizopus Stolonifer
What are characteristics of Sac fungi, and what are 2 examples?
Characteristics:
- 30,00 diverse species
- reproductive structure is ascus
Examples:
-truffles
-morels
What are characteristics of Club fungi, and what are 2 examples?
Characteristics:
- about 25,00 species
- Reproductive structure is basidia
Examples:
- Mushrooms
- Puffballs
What are characteristics of Imperfect fungi and what are 2 examples?
Characteristics:
- 25,000 species
- don't reproduce sexually
- many parasites in this group
Examples:
- Athlete's foot
- Pencillium