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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Mehmet Ali
Albanian adventurer who took control of Egypt and instituted many westernizing reforms. Father of Ibrahim, conqueror and governor of syria and viceroy of Egypt.
Military reform program promulgated by selim iii but crushed by the janissaries in 1807
Mahmud II
Ottoman sultan and westernizing reformer
Ushered in by the promise of judicial and administrative reforms under the Noble Rescript of the Rose Chamber, this was an era of intensive westernizing reforms by the ottoman government in the middle 50 years of the 1800s
Final legitimate imam for seven-imam shi'is.
Urabi, Ahmad
Egyptian army officer and nationalist who led a popular uprising against the Dual Control in 1881-1882
New Ottomans
Turkish political movement in the 1870s demanding a constitution and parliamentary government among other westernizing reforms
Young Turks
Group of turkish nationalists who took control of the Ottoman Government in 1908, restored its constitution, and instituted westernizing reforms. Their main organization was the committee fo Union and Progress.
Husayn (sharif)
king of the Hijaz and leader of the 1916-1918 Arab revolt against the Ottomans. His sons later became leaders in Iraq and transjordan
Husayn-McMahon Correspondence
A series of letters exchanged by amir husayn and britains high commissioner in Cairo, offering british adi for the arab's independence in exchange for Arab support against the Ottoman Empire. Lead to the Arab revolt.
Arab Revolt
A british backed rebellion of Arabs, mainly in the Hijaz, against Ottoman rule. Initiated by Husayn after correspondance with britain.
Balfour Declaration
Official statement in 1917 by British foreigh secretary supporting Jewish national home in palestine.
King-Crane Commission
U.S. committee sent by 1919 paris peace conference to ascertain syrian and palestinian aspirations, but its report, sympathetic to Arab nationalism, was not acted upon.
Mustafa Kemal Ataturk
Turkish general, nationalist leader, and westernizing president
Sevres, Treaty of
Abortive treaty imposed by the allies of WWI on teh Ottoman empire in 1920; later replaced by the treaty of lausanne
reza shah pahlavi
irans ruler 1925-1941. The trans-iranian railway was created durring his reign.
mohammad reza shah pahlavi
shah of iran 1941-1979. Created the SAVAK, the iranian secret police
nasir, gamal abd al-
Leader of the 1952 military coup that overthrew egypt's monarchy; later prime minister, then president, also known as nasser. His political philosophy included nationalism (nationalizing the suez), neutralism (not siding with communists or the west), and arab socialism (state control of arab economies).