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181 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
welter
n. a confused mass; turmoil
viscous
adj. thick and sticky (fluids)
vacuous
adj. dull, stupid; empty-headed
ubiquitous
adj. omnipresent; present everywhere
truculent
adj. fierce, savage, cruel
tractable
adj. easily managed (opposite: intractable)
tortuous
adj. full of twists and turns; not straightforward; possibly deceitful
tenuous
adj. thin, slim, delicate; weak
taciturn
adj. inclined to silence; speaking little; dour, stern
sycophant
n. a flatterer of important people
subjugate
v. to dominate or enslave
squalid
adj. filthy; wretched (from squalor)
spurious
adj. not genuine, false; bogus
specious
adj. plausible, but deceptive; apparently, but not actually, true
sinuous
adj. full of curves; twisting and turning
salubrious
adj. promoting good health
sagacious
adj. wise
redundant
adj. superfluous; exceeding what is needed
recondite
adj. hard to understand; concealed; characterized by profound scholarship
recalcitrant
adj. stubbornly rebelious
rancor
n. strong ill will; enmity
quiescence
n. state of being at rest or without motion
putrefy
v. to decompose; to rot
putrefaction
n. a smelly mass that is the decomposition of organic matter
propensity
n. an inclination; a natural tendency toward; a liking for
pristine
adj. primitive, pure, uncorrupted
prevaricate
v. to speak equivocally or evasively, i.e. to lie
plethora
n. a superabundance
placate
adj. to appease or pacify
petulant
adj. peevish; cranky; rude
perfunctory
adj. done in a routine, mechanical way, without interest
penurious
adj. stingy, miserly
pedantic
adj. overly concerned with minute details, especially in teaching
parsimonious
adj. very frugal; unwilling to spend
paradox
n. a tenet seemingly contradictory or false, but actually true
paradigm
n. model, prototype; pattern
panegryic
n. high praise
palpable
adj. touchable; clear, obvious
ossify
v. to turn to bone; to harden
obviate
v. to make unnecessary
obsequious
adj. servilely attentive; fawning
obdurate
adj. stubborn
misanthrope
n. a hater of mankind
malleable
adj. easy to shape or bend
malign
v. to speak evil of
adj. having an evil disposition toward others (opposite: benign)
malevolent
adj. wishing evil (opposite: benevolent)
magnanimity
n. a quality of nobleness of mind, disdaining meanness or revenge
maculate
adj. spotted, blotched; hence defiled, impure (opposite immaculate)
v. to stain, spot, defile
macerate
v. to soften by steeping in a liquid (including softening food by the action of a solvent)
luminous
adj. emitting light; shining; also enlightening or intelligent
loquacious
adj. very talkative; garrulous
laconic
adj. sparing of words; terse, pithy concise
irascible
adj. prone to anger
intrepid
adj. fearless, bold
intransigent
adj. uncompromising
intractable
adj. stubborn, obstinate; not easily taught or disciplined
insipid
adj. uninteresting, boring, flat, dull
inherent
adj. part of the essential character; intrinsic
ingenuous
adj. noble; honorable; candid; naive
inert
adj. not reacting chemically; inactive
inept
adj. incompetent; clumsy
indigenous
adj. native to a region; inborn or innate
incredulous
adj. skeptical
incisive
adj. getting to the heart of things; to the point
inchoate
adj. not yet fully formed; rudimentary
impugn
v. to attack with words; to question the truthfullness or integrity
implacable
adj. unwilling to be pacified or appeased
impervious
adj. impenetrable; not allowing anything to pass through; unaffected
imperturbable
adj. calm; not easily excited
impassive
adj. showing no emotion
iconoclast
n. one who smashes revered images; an attacker of cherished beliefs
garrulous
adj. extremely talkative or wordy
gainsay
v. to speak against; to contradict; to deny
feign
v. pretend
facetious
adj. not meant to be taken seriously; humourous
extrapolate
v. to estimate the value of something beyond the scale; to infer what is unknown from something known
extemporize
v. to improvise; to make it up as you go along
exigent
adj. requiring immediate action; urgent, pressing
evanescent
adj. vanishing quickly; dissipating like a vapor
eulogy
n. words of praise, especially for the dead
ephemeral
adj. very short-lived; lasting only a short time
engender
v. to bring about; beget; to bring forth
enervate
v. to weaken; to deprive of nerve or strength
endemic
adj. native to a particular area or people
encomium
n. high praise
emollient
adj. softening or soothing to the skin; having power to soften or relax living tissues
elucidate
v. to make clear; to explain
ellipsis
n. omission of words that would make the meaning clear
ebullience
n. an overflowing of high spirits; effervescene
dissonant
adj. not in harmony; in dissagreement
dissemble
v. to pretend; to feign; to conceal by pretense
disputatious
adj. argumentative; inclined to disputes
disparate
adj. unequal, dissimilar; different
disinterested
adj. neutral; unbiased (alternate meaning: uninterested)
disingenuous
adj. not frank or candid; deceivingly simple (opposite: ingenuous)
discrete
adj. separate; individually distinct; composed of distinct parts
discourse
v. to converse; to communicate in orderly fashion
diffuse
adj. spread out; verbose (wordy); not focused
diffident
adj. timid; lacking self-confidence
dichotomy
n. a division into two parts
diatribe
n. a bitter or abusive speech
desiccate
v. to dry up
derision
n. the act of mocking; ridicule, mockery
deride
v. to laugh at with contempt; to mock
deprecate
v. to express disapproval of; to protest against
denigrate
v. to defame, to blacken or sully; to belittle
deleterious
adj. harmful; hurtful; noxious
decourous
adj. suitable; proper; seemly
debilitate
v. to enfeeble; to wear out
debacle
n. disaster; collapse; a rout
crass
adj. stupid, unrefined; gross; materialistic
coterie
n. a clique; a group who meet frequently, usually socially
converge
v. to move toward one point
conundrum
n. a puzzle or riddle
contravene
v. to act contrary to; to oppose or contradict
contiguous
adj. touching; or adjoining and close, but may not be touching
contentious
adj. quarrelsome
constrain
v. to force, compel; to restrain
connotative
adj. containing associated meanings in addition to the primary one
compliant
adj. complying; obeying; yielding
complaisance
n. the quality of being agreeable or eager to please
commodious
adj. spacious and convenient; roomy
comeliness
n. a beauty; attractiveness in appearance or behavior
cohesion
n. the act or state of sticking together
coherent
adj. sticking together; connected; logical; consistent
cognizant
adj. aware of; perceptive
cognitive
adj. possessing the power to think or mediate; meditative; capable of perception
cogitate
v. to think hard; ponder, meditate
cogent
adj. to the point; clear; convincing in its clarity and presentation
codify
v. to organize laws or rules into a systematic collection (code)
coda
n. in music, a concluding passage
cloying
adj. to sugary; too sentimental or flattering
cloture
n. a parliamentary procedure to end debate and begin to vote
circumlocution
n. a roundabout or indirect way of speaking; not to the point
churlishness
n. crude or surly behavior; behavior of a peasant
chicanery
n. trickery or deception
catharsis
n. a purging or relieving of the body or soul
caprice
n. a sudden, unpredictable, or whimsical change
cant
n. insincere or hypocritical statements of high ideals; the jargon of a particular group or occupation
cacophony
n. a harsh, inharmonious collection of sounds; dissonance
burgeon
v. to grow or develop quickly
bombast
n. pompous speech; pretentious words
bilateral
adj. pertaining to or affection both sides or two sides; having two sides
beneficient
adj. conferring benefits; kindly; doing good
banal
adj. trite; without freshness or originality
baleful
adj. harmful, malign, detrimental
autocrat
n. an absolute ruler
autocracy
n. an absolute monarchy; government where one person holds power
attenuate
v. to make thin or slender
atrophy
v. to waste away, as from lack of use; to wither
astringent
n. a substance that contracts bodily tissues
adj. causing contraction; tightening; stern, austere
assuage
v. to relieve; ease; make less severe
assiduous
adj. carefully attentive; industrious
aspersion
n. slanderous statement; a damaging or derogatory criticism
aseptic
adj. germ free
ascetic
n. one who leads a simple life of self-denial
adj. rigorously abstinent
articulate
v. to utter clearly and distinclty
adj. clear, distinct; expressed with clarity; skillful with words
arid
adj. extremely dry, parched; barren, *unimaginative*
arduous
adj. laborious, difficult; strenuous
archetype
n. the first model from which others are copied; prototype
arcane
adj. obscure; secret; mysterious
apposite
adj. suitable; apt; relevant
anitpathy
n. a natural dislike or repugnance
anomaly
n. an oddity, inconsistency; a deviation from the norm
anachronism
n. something out of place in time (e.g. an airplane in 1492)
ameliorate
v. to improve or make better
amalgamate
v. to mix, merge, combine
amalgam
n. a mixture or combination (often of metals)
altruism
n. unselfish devotion to the welfare of others rather than self
allusion
n. an indirect reference (often literary); a hint
allude
v. to refer indirectly to something
alacrity
n. cheerful promptness or speed
acerbic
adj. tasting sour or bitter
n. harsh in language or temper
abstemious
adj. sparing in use of food or drinks
aberrant
adj. abnormal; straying from the normal or usual path
collude
v. to act in concert; to conspire; to plot
nascent
adj. coming or having recently come into existence
peremptory
not to be refused; expressing command; showing the attitude of one accustomed to command
fractious
adj. tending to cause trouble; unruly; Irritable; snappish; cranky
sere
adj. dry; withered
waddy
n. cowboy