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90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
WHERE IS THYROID LOCATED?
FRONT OF NECK BELOW TRACHEA
WHAT ARE THYROID'S LANDMARKS
UPPER AND LOWER POLES
WHERE IS UPPER POLE LOCATED?
HIDDEN BENEATH UPPER END OR STERNOTHYROID MUSCLE
WHAT'S LOCATION OF LOWER POLE
EXTENDS TO LOWER TRACHEAL RINGS
WHAT ENCLOSES THYROID
PRETRACHEAL FASCIA
POSTERIOR SURFACE OF ISTHMUS IS ADHERENT TO WHAT
ANTERIOR SURFACE OF TRACHEAL RINGS
WHAT EXTENDS UPWARD FROM ISTHMUS
PYRAMIDAL LOBE
WHAT SUTURE MIGHT BE USED TO MARK INCISION FOR THYROIDECTOMY
2-0 OR 0 SILK
IN NECK PROCEDURES WHAT COMPLICATIONS SHOULD ONE BE AWARE OF & WHY
SWELLING MAY INDICATE HEMORRHAGE OR HEMATOMA
BLOOD SUPPLY TO THYROID ORIGINATES WHERE
EXTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY AND SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY
SUBLCLAVIAN ARTERY BRANCHES TO BECOME WHAT?
INFERIOR THYROID ARTERY
EXTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY BRANCHES INTO WHAT?
SUPERIOR THYROID ARTERY
NAME VEINS THAT DRAIN THE THYROID GLAND
SUPERIOR, INFERIOR, AND MIDDLE THYROID VEIN
MIDDLE THYROID VEIN ALSO KNOWN AS WHAT
INTERNAL JUGULAR
WHY SHOULD CARE BE TAKEN WHEN RETRACTING LARYNGEAL NERVE?
MAY RESULT IN HOARSENESS OR PERMANENT LOSS OF VOCAL CORDS IF DAMAGED
THYROID ISN'T VITAL TO LIFE, BUT IS IMPORTANT FOR WHAT?
MAINTAINING HOMEOSTASIS OF METABOLIC RATE
PRIMARY FUNCTION OF THYROID GLAND?
IODINE METABOLISM
LACK OF IODINE CAUSES WHAT?
GOITER
HOW MANY PARATHYROID GLANDS
4
WHAT DO PARATHYROID GLANDS SECRETE
PTH=PARATHYROID HORMONE
PTH IS ANTAGONIST TO?
CALCITONIN
PTH AND CALCITONIN WORK TOGETHER TO MAINTAIN WHAT?
PROPER CALCIUM HOMEOSTASIS
CALCIUM IS NEEDED IN BLOOD WHY?
TO GET INTO BONES
THYROID HORMONES REGULATE WHAT?
ORGANIC METABOLISM AND ENERGY BALANCE, ACTIVITY OF NERVOUS SYSTEM, AND GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
WHAT ARE THE 2 TYPES OF CELLS IN THYROID?
FOLLICULAR AND PARAFOLLICULAR
WHAT ROLE DO T-3 AND T-4 HORMONES PLAY?
REGULATION OF THE BASAL METABOLIC RATE
FOLLICULAR CELLS PRODUCE, STORE, & RELEASE WHAT?
T-3 & T-4 HORMONES
PARAFOLLICULAR CELLS SECRETE?
CALCITONIN
WHAT DOES CALCITONIN DO
HELPS MAINTAIN HOMEOSTASIS ALONG WITH PTH
WHAT IS TSH AND WHERE IS IT MADE
THYROID STIMULATING HORMONE; MADE BY FOLLICULAR CELLS
WHAT IS RAIU
RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPE UPTAKE; A THYROID TEST INVOLVING THE INJECTION OF DYE
LIST 4 TYPES OF THYROID TESTS
UPTAKE, RAIU, SERUM T4, AND SERUM T3
THYROID ISOTOPES ARE CLASSIFIED AS WHAT?
COLD OR HOT NODULES
IN ISOTOPE TESTING, COLD SPOTS INDICATE WHAT?
LACK OF ABSORPTION OF DYE INDICATING CYSTS, CANCER, &/OR HYOFUNCTIONING THYROID
HOT SPOTS INDICATE?
ISOTOPES SOAKING UP ALL DYE INDICATING HYPERFUNCTIONING OF THYROID, INCREASED BENIGN ADENOMAS, &/OR TOXIC GOITER
HOW IS A SWOLLEN LUMP IN THYROID GLAND EVALUATED
PALPATION, ULTRASOUND, SWALLOW TEST
WHAT IS THE DIAGNOSTIC VALUE OF THYROID TESTING
EVALUATION OF SWELLING OF LUMP IN THYROID GLAND, TO ASCERTAIN SYMPTOMS OF EXCESSIVE OR DEFICIENT THYROID HORMONE LEVELS, TO MONITOR RESPONSE OF THYROID DISEASE TO THERAPY, & TO SCREEN NEWBORNS FOR CRETINISM-HYPOSECRETION
*****MAIN FUNCTION OF THYROID?******
HELPS GROWTH & DEVELOPMENT
CLINICAL SYMPTOMS OF CRETINISM
DWARFISM AND MENTAL RETARDATION
CRETINISM-HYPOSECRETION, IF TESTED EARLY IS TREATABLE WITH THYROID HORMONES. WHAT IS THE WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY TO TREAT IT?
BETWEEN 3 MOS. AND 2 YRS.
SYMPTOMS OF CRETINISM
RETARDED SEXUAL DEVELOPMENT, YELLOWISH SKIN COLOR, ROUND FACE, THICK NOSE, LARGE THICK PROTRUDING TONGUE, RESPIRATORY DIFFICULTY, AND HOARSE CRY
WHAT IS A GOITER
AN ENLARGEMENT OF THYROID GLAND
2 TYPES OF GOITERS & WHAT PROBLEM MIGHT THEY CAUSE
STERNAL OR RETROSTERNAL; DIFFICULTY SWALLOWING
WHAT'S THYROIDITIS
INFLAMMATORY CONDITION OF THYROID GLAND
WHAT IS THYROIDITIS RELATED TO?
BACTERIAL OR VIRAL INFECTION
CHRONIC THYROIDITIS MAY LEAD TO WHAT?
HASHIMOTO'S DISEASE
WHAT'S HASHIMOTO'S DISEASE
INFLAMMATORY DISORDER WITH PROGRESSIVE DESTRUCTION OF THYROID GLAND (AN AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE KILLING YOUR OWN THYROID GLAND)
THYROIDITIS IS ASSOCIATED WITH HYPO OR HYPERTHYROIDISM?
HYPO
WHAT ARE SYMPTOMS OF THYROIDITIS/HYPOTHYROIDISM
PALE SKIN, COLD, COARSE BRITTLE HAIR, HAIR LOSS, WEIGHT GAIN, DYSPNEA (DUE TO GOITER), HYPOGLYCEMIA, DRY SKIN, ENLARGED HEART, BRADYCARDIA
LEFT UNTREATED, THYROIDITIS CAN LEAD TO WHAT? IN SEVERE CASES WHAT MIGHT OCCUR
MAXODEMA (HYPOTHYROIDISM); CARDIOVASCULAR COLLAPSE OR EVEN COMA
HYPERTHYROIDISM IS A.K.A.
GRAVES DISEASE
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HYPERTHYROIDISM
NERVOUSNESS, FINE TREMORS, WIGHT LOSS, FATIGUE, BREATHLESSNESS, PALPATATIONS, HEAT INTOLERANCE, INCREASED METABOLIC RATE, INCREASED GI MOTILITY, BLURRED VISION, EXOPTHALMIA
WHAT TEST IS DONE FOR DIAGNOSIS OF HYPERTHYROIDISM?
THERE IS NONE
TREATMENT OF HYPERTHYROIDISM
ANTITHYROID DRUGS, DIET, REST, SUBTOTAL THYROIDECTOMY, & RADIOACTIVE IODINE THERAPY
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF SUBTOTAL THYROIDECTOMY
REDUCES METABOLISM BY 40%
WHAT IS A THYROID STORM
CRISIS CAUSED BY RELASE OF THYROID HORMONE INTO THE BLOODSTREAM IN INCREASED AMTS. SYMPTOMS ARE SIMILAR TO MALIGNANT HYPOTHERMIA. CONDITION CAN BE FATAL.
NAME TYPES OF THYROIDECTOMIES
TOTAL, SUBTOTAL, AND SUBSTERNAL THYROIDECTOMY
DESCRIBE A SUBTOTAL THYROIDECTOMY
LEAVE POSTERIOR PORTION OF THYROID GLAND
DESCRIBE A SUBSTERNAL THYROIDECTOMY
EXCISION OF GOITER IN SUBSTERNAL OR INTRATHORACIC REGION
WHAT IS THE OTHER TERM FOR A SUBSTERNAL THYROIDECTOMY
INTRATHORACIC THYROIDECTOMY
WHAT IS A GLOSSECTOMY
PROCEDURE TO REMOVE CANCER OF OROPHARYNX OR TONGUE BASE
DEFINE MEDIALIZE
TO MOVE TO MIDLINE
REASON TO PERFORM THYROPLASTY
TO MEDIALIZE A PARALYZED VOCAL CORD
REASON FOR PARTHYROIDECTOMY
TO REMOVE ONE OR MORE DISEASED OR MALFUNCTIONING PARATHYROID GLANDS; MOST OFTEN TO TREAT HYPERPARATHYROIDISM AND ADENOMA OF PARATHYROID
WHY WOULD A THYROIDECTOMY BE PERFORMED
TO TREAT VARIOUS DISEASES OF THYROID, SUCH AS HYPERTHYROIDISM AND CANCER UNTREATABLE BY CHEMOTHERAPY
IN A TRACHEOTOMY OR TRACHEOSTOMY, WHERE IS THE INCISION MADE
BETWEEN THE SECOND AND THIRD OR THIRD AND FOURTH TRACHEAL RINGS
T/F: TRACHEAL RINGS MOVE EASILY
TRUE
WHAT REASONS WOULD INDICATE NEED FOR SUBMANDIBULAR GLAND EXCISION
CHRONIC INFECTION, STONE FORMATION, OR NEOPLASM
WHY IS A PAROTIDECTOMY PERFORMED
TO REMOVE A MASS OF THE SUPERFICIAL OR DEEP LOBE OF THE PAROTID GLAND
REASON FOR NECK DISSECTION
TO REMOVE AFFECTED LYMPH NODES AND HALT THE SPREAD OF DISEASE
WHAT ARE THE 3 TYPES OF NECK DISSECTIONS
RADICAL, MODIFIED RADICAL, AND SELECTIVE
DEFINE RADICAL NECK DISSECTION
REMOVAL OF ALL CERVICAL LYMPH NODES AND SURROUNDING STRUCTURES, INCLUDING SPINAL ACCESSORY NERVE, INTERNAL JUGULAR VEIN, AND STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID MUSCLE
DEFINE MODIFIED RADICAL NECK DISSECTION
EXCISION OF ALL LYMPH NODES WITH PRESERVATION OF ONE OR MORE OF THE NONLYMPHATIC STRUCTURES
DEFINE SELECTIVE NECK DISSECTION
ONE OR MORE CHAINS OF CERVICAL LYMPH NODES ARE PRESERVED AND ALL NONLYMPHATIC STRUCTURES ARE PRESERVED
DEFINE LARYNGECTOMY
PRODCEDURE PERFORMED TO REMOVE THE LARYNX AND TO PRODUCE A WATERTIGHT PHARYNX
3 REASONS FOR LARYNGECTOMY
CANCEROUS LESIONS OF THE LARYNX, DIVERSION FOR TOTAL SEPERATION OF RESPIRATORY AND DIGESTIVE TRACTS, AND CHONDRORADIONECROSIS OF THE LARYNGEAL FRAMEWORK
DEFINE CHONDRORADIONECROSIS
NECROSIS OF CARTILAGE RESULTING FROM RADIATION
PROCEDURES OF HEAD AND NECK INVOLVE WHAT STRUCTURES
TRACHEA, SALIVARY GLANDS, AND NECK
PROCEDURES OF HEAD AND NECK MAY BE PERFORMED BY WHO
OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGISTS OR GENERAL SURGEONS
TRACHEA EXTENDS FROM WHERE TO WHERE
CRICOID TO MEDIASTINUM
LARGEST SALIVARY GLAND
PAROTID
TAIL OF PAROTID GLAND EXTENDS TO WHERE
BELOW MANDIBLE INTO UPPER NECK
WHERE DOES FACIAL NERVE ENTER AND EXIT PAROTID GLAND
ENTERS INTO POSTERIOR ASPECT, BRANCHES, AND EXITS FROM ANTERIOR ASPECT
THE FACIAL NERVE SEPERATES WHAT STRUCTURES OF PAROTID GLAND
SUPERFICIAL (OR LATERAL) LOBE AND DEEP LOBE
THE PRIMARY NERVE OF CONCERN IN THE NECK
RECURRENT LAYNGEAL NERVE
TRIANGLES OF THE NECK
POSTERIOR, ANTERIOR, AND SUBMANDIBULAR
EQUIPMENT AND INSTRUMENTS REQUIRED IN PRODCEDURES OF HEAD AND NECK
BASIC MINOR AND MAJOR INSTRUMENTS AND ADDITION OF TRACHEAL INSTRUMENTS INCLUDING CRICOID HOOKS AND TRACHEAL SPREADER
PREP REQUIRED IN HEAD AND NECK PROCEDURES
BETADINE PAINT AND SCRUB
AREA OF PREP IN HEAD AND NECK PROCEDURE
LEVEL OF NOSE TO UMBILICUS, INCLUDING BEHIND SHOULDERS AND EARS TO LEVEL OF BED LATERALLY
WHAT IS DONE DURING PREP IF ET TUBE IS PRESENT
IT IS ALSO PREPPED