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5 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Primary targets of anibiotics
1-Cell wall
2-DNA and RNA
3-Floic acid synthesis (must come from our diet)
4- Cell membrane
5-Protein synthesis (Bind to subunits)
How does a microbe acquire the ability to resist the effects of an antibiotic?
-Mutation
-Conjugation
-Transduction
(antibiotics do not cause resistants, the have the genetic material so they are resistant)
Mechanisms of resistance
-Drug inactivation
-Decrease permeability
-Activation of drug pumps
-Change in drug binding site
-Use of alternate metabolic pathways
Probiotics
Ingesting the living organism. (yogurt)
Prebiotics
Ingesting a supplement to encourage the growth of the normal flora.