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38 Cards in this Set

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Analects
the book of sayings of Confucius
Five Classics
the classical literature of the time preceding Confucius, including poetry, history, and divination
Four Books
the major Confucian books, which include the sayings of Confucius and Mencius
junzi (chun-tzu)
"noble person" the refined human ideal of Confucianism
Lao Zi (Lao Tzu)
the founder of Taoism
Legalists
the strictest of the Chinese philosophical schools, which advocated strong laws and punishments
li
appropriate action, ritual, propriety, etiquette
Mohists
a Chinese school of philosophy that taught universal love
qi (ch'i)
the life force
ren (jen)
empathy, consideration for others, humaneness; a Confucian virtue
shu
reciprocity; a Confucian virtue
Tao
the mysterious origin of the universe, which is present and visible in everything
Tao Te Ching
the classic scripture of Taoism
wen
cultural refinement; a Confucian virtue
wu wei
"no action", "no strain"; doing only what comes spontaneously and naturally; effortlessness
xiao (hsiao)
family devotion, filial peity; a Confucian virtue
yang
the active aspect of reality that expresses itself in speech, light, and heat
yin
the receptive aspect of the universe that expresses itself in silence, darkness, coolness, and rest
Yi Jang (I'Ching)
an ancient Confucian book of divination, one of Five Classics, still in use today
Zhuang Zi (Chuang Tzu)
author of the Zhuangzi, a book of whimiscal stories that express themes of early Taoist thought
Amaterasu
"shining in heaven"; goddess of the sun
bushido
"warrior knight way"; military devotion to a ruler, demanding loyalty, duty, and self-sacrifice; an ideal promoted by State Shinto
gagaku
the stately ceremonial music of Shinto
Ise
location in southeastern Honshu of major shrine to Amaterasu
Izanagi
"male who invites"; primordial female parent god
jinja
a Shinto shrine
kami
a spirit, god, or goddess of Shinto
kamidana
a shelf or home altar for the veneration of kami
kamikaze
"spirit wind"; suicide fighter pilots of World War 2
Kojiki
the earliest chronicle of Japanese history
misogi
a ritual of purification that involves standing under a waterfall
Nihongi
the second chronicle of Japanese history
Noh
dramas performed in mask and costume, associated with Shinto
Omoto
a New Religion which stresses art and beauty
samurai
feudal soldier
shimenawa
twisted rope, marking a sacred spot
Tenrikyo
a New Religion devoted to human betterment
torii
a gatelike structure that marks a Shinto sacred place