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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the communication of the mystery of God’s call to the world that is most clearly portrayed in scripture
the perfect truth that God teaches us through scripture
those who focus on the word of God without considering other factors that influence text composition or audience understanding; those who believe that God dictated what to write to the authors of scripture
those who focus on both text and context such as cultural and historical backgrounds of the writer and audience, as well as the literary forms and significant themes; believe that scripture is the inspired word of God
all literalists are this meaning they believe that creation occurred exactly as the bible states
literary forms that are accounts of the past that celebrate past heroes and ancestors but have no concerns for facts or historical accuracy
Stories/ Epics
literary forms that show the rules and rituals that govern a group of people; in Hebrew scripture, these forms are from God
Laws/ Liturgy
a type of literary form that expresses the feelings and faith of a group (ex. Psalms)
Poems/ Songs
the words of God as spoken through God’s appointed mouthpieces, the prophets
the book that believers consider divinely inspired such as the Bible and Torah
Religious Canon
the seven books that Catholics include in the Old Testament canon that other Christian groups do not; catholics have 46 books while other Christian groups have only 39 books
Apocrypha/ Deuterocanonical Books
the first five books of Hebrew scripture that include Pre-historical stories as well as stories about Moses, Mt. Sinai and the Hebrew liberation
Pentateuch/ Torah
books of the bible that tell the stories of how the Hebrews lived out the covenant in the Promised land (the founding of Israel and life in Israel such as David and Solomon)
Historical Books
expressions of belief and faith (ex. Song of Songs, Psalms)
Wisdom Writing
stories about people selected by God to warn the Hebrews about how they had strayed from the covenant
Prophetic Books
what the land of Israel was called before 1020 BCE; the Promised Land
the center of Hebrew worship, government, market and life in Jerusalem which was built around 1020 BCE in the Kingdom Period of Israel
The Temple
How can scripture be both perfect and inperfect at the same time?
Perfect because: sent by God, is what God tells us
Imprfect: human expression and understanding of Scripture is imperfect because we are imperfect, passed down orally so some stories were lost and others were changed to make them more understandable to the readers of those days.
When scripture was finally written down it contained these imperfections
What are the four stages of Biblical composition?
Step 1: actual event in which and event takes place and has a known setting. Step 2: the oral stage in which the bible stories were passed down by oral tradition through several generations. As they were passed down though, some of the facts became exaggerated or distorted in order to give the story a more religious basis.
Step 3: written stage in which the stories of the oral tradition were written down by an individual or group of people.
Step 4: the editing stage in which writers mold various stories to their own needs in order to convey a particular meaning
What was the situation of the Hebrews during the Patriarchal Period?
-takes place 1900 BCE
-beginning of the chosen peoples’ contact with God
-nomadic herders experience a call from the Almighty who they call YHWH
-Between 1900 and 1850 BCE YHWH makes his first covenant: a nation in exchange for complete faith and loyalty
-herders accept the offer so YHWH becomes the patriarch of their communities and
-they become the first Hebrews
What was the situation of the Hebrews during the Kingdom Period?
-takes place 1020 BCE
-the Hebrews are united by David, Saul, and Solomon by defeating the Canaanites
-the Kingdom of Israel is established
-Temple of Jerusalem: center of government, worship, and market for the lives of all the Hebrews; only one
Explain the collapse of Israel after the death of Solomon.
-922 BCE Israel splits in two!
-The Northern half keeps the name Israel, while the southern half takes the name Judah after the largest of the twelve Hebrew tribes.
-712 BCE the Assyrians come into the Holy Land and wipe the northern half of Israel off the map
-Some Israelites stay in the north, but others move to Judah to keep from being engulfed in the Assyrian culture.
What was the situation of the Hebrews during the Babylonian Exile?
-Babylonian exile= 587 BCE
-Babylonians destroy both kingdoms
-Hebrews flee to N. Africa. Write Tanak to remember their homeland
-Some Hebrew leaders are forced to return to Babylon where the Temple is destroyed and the Torah is written.
What was the situation of the Hebrews following their return to the Promised Land?
-Babylonians are finally defeated by the Persians in 539 BCE
-the Hebrews can return to the Hebrew territory that was Israel
-Many return and build a second temple
-some remain in N. Africa are called Diaspora Jews
-control of hebrew territory passes from Persian, to Greek, to Roman
Why was the Promised land so important?
-God had meant it for them
-crossroads of trade between three continents
-heartland of 3 major religions
- located between Egypt, Babylon and Assyria