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21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Key Visuals
Refers to visual aids, such as graphs, charts, slides and other visuals used to support content area teaching.
"AKA Cuisinaire Rods, Algebircs"
They are wooden blocks of different colours and sizes used for ESL instruction.
3 Things to Consider when helping Mainstream Students
1. Language skills Needed
2. The content-area skills that will interrelate with the language skills.
3. The cognitive skills that are necessary to preform the tasks in the lesson.
How "Key Visuals" Help
1. Presenting content clearly and directly.
2. Simplifying cognitively demanding information.
3. Organizing content at the start of a lesson.
4. Focusing on the core content of the lesson.
5. Facilitation pre-teaching, such as introduction of new or difficult vocabulary.
6. Providing material for practise activities.
7. Focusing attention and motivation
8. Allowing for review
Mohan's Six Areas of Skill Development
1. Description
2. Sequencing
3. Choosing
4. Classifying
5. Developing Principles
6. Evaluating
A "Sammy" Picture
- A side view picture of the human face and position of the mouth, tongue and lips. Used for pronunciation.
8 stages of a project according to Fried-Booth.
1. Stimulus
2. Definition of the project objective.
3. Practice of language skills
4. Design of written material
5. Individual, pair or group activities.
6. Gathering and collecting information
7. Organization of Materials
8. Final Presentation.
Multi User Domains
Characteristics of good visuals
- attractive
- bold and clear
- motivational and bring outsid interest into class
- adaptabel to many language levels and various teaching objectives
- suitable for your students' age, interests and experiences and will be enjoyed by them.
- large enough to be clearly visible to everyone in the class or group
- Simple without lots of detail, unless you want to focus on detail.
A type of highly controlled oral practice in which students respond to a given cue.
Comprehension-Based Video Activites
- Work with language and content generated by the video
Production- Based Video Activites
Simulate students to genterate language, usually in the form of discussion and writing thru video media.
Transformation Drills
Drills that involve changing the structure of a sentence.
(eg. If asked in the positive, respond in the negative.)
Cue Card Dialogues
Dialogues which use cue cards instead of printed dialogue. The cue card gives instructions for performing a sequence of communicative acts.
Mechanical Drills
Controlled drills in which the teacher provides drill cues to which the students respond.
Meaningful Drills
Controlled drills in which teachers and students who understand the drill cues in order to understand.
Repetition Drills
The teacher's language is repeated with no change.
Substitution Drills
Drills in which student's respond to the drill by changing a word or structure in response to a prompt or cue from the teacher.
Truth Principle
Students must provide a response with a true statement about themselves if possible
Open Dialogues
A dialogue in which the teacher only provides half the dialogue. The student/students invent the other half.
~ Leads to practise in responding to converstaional cues.
MUD, Object, Oriented
MUD- Multi, User, Domains