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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
brief tale used in medieval times to illustrate a sermon or to teach a lesson
traditional stories, songs, dances, and customs that are preserved among a people; folklore usually precedes literature, being passed down orally from generation to generation until recorded by scholars
a type of literary work, such as a novel or poem; there are also subgenres, such as science fiction or sonnet, within the larger genres
a short descriptive narrative, usually a poem, about an idealized country life; also called a pastoral
interior monologue
writing that records the converation that occurs inside a character's head
reversing the customary order of elements in a sentence or phrase; it is used effectively in many cases, such as posing a question: "Are you going to the store?"; often, it is used ineffectively in poetry, making it sound artificial and stilted; "To the hounds she rode, with her flags behind her streaming"
a situation or statement in which the actual outcome or meaning is opposite to what was expected
a figure of speech that uses the name of an object, person, or idea to represent something with which it is associated, such as using "the crown" to refer to a monarch
main theme or subject of a work that is elaborated on in the development of the piece; a repeated pattern or idea
one story in a system of narratives set in a complete imaginary world that once served to explain the origin of life, religious beliefs, and the forces of nature as supernatural occurrences
a literary movement that grew out of realism in France, the United States, and England in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries; it portrays humans as having no free will, being driven by the natural forces of heredity, environment, and animalistic urges over which they have no control
the use of words that sound like what they mean
a figure of speech composed of contradictory words or phrases, such as "wise fool"
a short tale that teaches a moral; similar to but shorter than an allegory
the technique of arranging words, phrases, clauses, or larger structures by placing them side by side and making them similar in form
a work that ridicules the style of another work by imitating and exaggerating its elements
a fictional voice that a writer adopts to tell a story, determined by subject matter and audience
a nineteenth-century literary movement in Europe and the United States that stressed accuracy in the protrayal of life, focusing on characters with whom middle-class readers could easily identify; it is in direct contrast with romanticism
an element in literature that conveys a realistic portrayal of a specific geographical locale, using the locale and its influences as a major part of the plot
the art of using language effectively; involves (1) writer's purpose, (2)his or her consideration of the audience, (3) the exploration of the subject, (4)arrangement and organization of the ideas, (5) style and tone of expression, and (6)form.

Modes- exposition, description, narration, and arguementation