Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
exemplum
brief tale used in medieval times to illustrate a sermon or to teach a lesson
folklore
traditional stories, songs, dances, and customs that are preserved among a people; folklore usually precedes literature, being passed down orally from generation to generation until recorded by scholars
genre
a type of literary work, such as a novel or poem; there are also subgenres, such as science fiction or sonnet, within the larger genres
idyll
a short descriptive narrative, usually a poem, about an idealized country life; also called a pastoral
interior monologue
writing that records the converation that occurs inside a character's head
inversion
reversing the customary order of elements in a sentence or phrase; it is used effectively in many cases, such as posing a question: "Are you going to the store?"; often, it is used ineffectively in poetry, making it sound artificial and stilted; "To the hounds she rode, with her flags behind her streaming"
irony
a situation or statement in which the actual outcome or meaning is opposite to what was expected
metonymy
a figure of speech that uses the name of an object, person, or idea to represent something with which it is associated, such as using "the crown" to refer to a monarch
motif
main theme or subject of a work that is elaborated on in the development of the piece; a repeated pattern or idea
myth
one story in a system of narratives set in a complete imaginary world that once served to explain the origin of life, religious beliefs, and the forces of nature as supernatural occurrences
naturalism
a literary movement that grew out of realism in France, the United States, and England in the late-nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries; it portrays humans as having no free will, being driven by the natural forces of heredity, environment, and animalistic urges over which they have no control
onomatopoeia
the use of words that sound like what they mean
oxymoron
a figure of speech composed of contradictory words or phrases, such as "wise fool"
parable
a short tale that teaches a moral; similar to but shorter than an allegory
parallelism
the technique of arranging words, phrases, clauses, or larger structures by placing them side by side and making them similar in form
parody
a work that ridicules the style of another work by imitating and exaggerating its elements
persona
a fictional voice that a writer adopts to tell a story, determined by subject matter and audience
realism
a nineteenth-century literary movement in Europe and the United States that stressed accuracy in the protrayal of life, focusing on characters with whom middle-class readers could easily identify; it is in direct contrast with romanticism
regionalism
an element in literature that conveys a realistic portrayal of a specific geographical locale, using the locale and its influences as a major part of the plot
rhetoric
the art of using language effectively; involves (1) writer's purpose, (2)his or her consideration of the audience, (3) the exploration of the subject, (4)arrangement and organization of the ideas, (5) style and tone of expression, and (6)form.

Modes- exposition, description, narration, and arguementation