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39 Cards in this Set

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Caribbean
black cajun from louisiana, bahamas, south florida, english caribbean, spanish caribbean, french caribbean, south american countries

Hernando Ortiz - caribbean coast culture is different than the interier culture (True in South America)
West Indies
Eastern Caribbean and Haiti - can be just english speaking caribbean
Globalization - Transculturalism and transnationalism
Global economic systems - economic connection between continents spread of aggressive capitalism (began with portugese)

transculturalism - Hernando Ortiz - cuban culure - correction of american views (herskavisk) "a culturation" - in a mix of cultures the non dominant culture is being overtaken by bigger cultures - but BOTH cultures change - mixture of cultures

result of globalization - rapid communication/transportation - many people dont JUST live in one place - upper/mid class live in several places - loosening of boundaries - social and cultural units over many borders --- Trinidad - 100s of preformers who live in different countries but share the same trinidadian group (Carnivals)
Folklore
Music heard in face-to-face setting passed down by memory -- Now another kind of pop - mediated music with folklore root - many types of music came from this root
Folklore music tends to be conservative with minimal change (it changes but people dont notice)
Folklife
Activities/Festivals/Material culture that is folkloreistic - Trinidadian carnival - they make their own costume, steel drums - most are folkloreistic
Everyday Life
Incidental Music
Occasional Music
Emphasis on texture of music related to everyday life

Incidental - course music
occaional - festival music
The Folk Community
concept almost extinct - people create a culture and interact with that community for the rest of their life - small village in europe before industrial revolution - maintain musical styles
Bricolage
The combination of two unlikely things - things used for a different purpose (using a shoe to hammer in a nail)
Vernacular
everyday language (linguistics) - now here means music from grass roots - can be popularized
ex hip hop and rap - some parts popularized some parts not

ex. Irving Berlin
Culture
learned behavior - the way people think and act - not born with it - its shared behavior and shared ideas

ex music is a culture
Creole
result of neoteric culture of the caribbean, you find your identity right here
fed by new influx of immigration
asian-indian creole music
originally at wedding ceremonies - men started singing it - CREOLIZED
Ethnic identity and folklore
folklore is a means of expressing ethnic identity through songs, or story telling passed down by word of mouth
life cycle rites
rituals that show the passing of life - changing from one stage to another
hatian voodoo
PERODIC RITUALS AND FESTIVALS
rituals and festivals that occur periodically- calle ocho festivale,
Costumes
Outfits worn by festival goers, trinidadians, mummers in England- found hundreds of years ago
BUSH MEDICINE
herbs used to cure illnesses
traditional medicinal knowledge and practices
MUSIC AND DANCE
Mummers
Calle ocho
TRADITION AND ORAL TRADITION
a ritual, belief or object passed down within a society, still maintained in the present, with origins in the past.

keeping a culture without relying on written records or recorded media
VERNACULAR RELIGION
lived religion
INFORMAL LANGUAGE AND VERBAL ARTS
used in the youtube selection - Brother resistance
AFRICAN INFLUENCED INSTRUMENTS IN THE AMERICAS (8)
BATÁ DRUMS (for LUCUMå OR SANTERåA IN CUBA), TIMBALES CRIOLLOS, MARIMBULA, BANJO, SHEKERÉ, XYLOPHONE (FROM BALOPHON), DIDDLY BOW
MELODY
“OFF BEAT PHRASING OF MELODIC ACCENTS,” CALL AND RESPONSE, OSTINATO.
RHYTHM
“MULTIPLE RHYTHM,” “SPEECH TONE PHRASING (“MULTIPLE METER”)
SCALES OR MODES
DIATONIC OR HEPTATONIC (7 NOTE IN OCTAVE), PENTATONIC (5 NOTES IN OCTAVE)#
OTHER CHARACTERISTICS of music
CUPPING EAR WHILE SINGING, RASPY SOUNDS, NOISY PERFORMANCE STYLE, RHYTHMIC TALKING, VOCAL RESPONSES DURING A PERFORMANCE, VIBRATO
CREOLIZATION and examples
result of neoteric culture - Chutney Calypso

BIG DRUM, CALYPSO, CUBAN MUSIC
500 YEARS OF CULTURAL INTERACTION BETWEEN PEOPLE OF AFRICAN AND EUROPEAN DESCENT AND OTHERS
many people coming in - lots of interaction
trinidad soup - mix of unlikely ingredients like caribbean culture
mix of ppl of african/european decent and others
“LIVE-COMMUNITY” PERFORMANCE VRS “STUDIO” CREATED MUSIC
face-to-face is a lot less boring than studio music
you cant get the range in mediated music that you can in face to face music
UNITY AND DIVERSITY IN A CONTINENT OF ISLANDS
spanish speaking islands
eastern carribean/bahamas/haiti - french
englisha nd spanish speaking caribbean - DIFFERENT WORLDS
family ethnicity - island of origin, country
carricou vs grenate - don't like identifying as each other but they are categorized as both
CARIBBEAN MUSIC IS “NEOTERIC”
created by sources from the old world asia - wasnt done in europe and africa
RACE AND ETHNICITY
races don't exist
ethnicity - cultural group of people you belong to
CALL AND RESPONSE AND OSTINATO MELODIC FORM
call and response - melodic form with a lead and a replying voice- one instrument - people singing, a person or chorus etc big in africa and caribbean

ostinato - phrase is repeated over and over sometimes with small canges - found in caribbean music and 1980 music
MUSIC, SEX, AND SEXISM
popular caribean msuic entertains males
most is sexist
minority of women singers - female version of macho stance or feminine approach
sex has to do with power but it can be a metaphor
double entendre
MUSIC AND POLITICS
revolutionary ideas found in lyrics
colonial era= anti colonial songs
talk about changing system and abolishing slavery
trinidad outlawed church
talk about identity and nationalism
CLAVE AS A GROUP OF RHYTHMIC PATTERNS AND CREATIVITY
a beat 2x3 or 3x2 - simultanious or variations
root of rock and rap
subtle variations CREATIVITY - name of game for caribbean music
FROM “ROOTS,” TO “POP,” TO “CLASSICAL”
grass roots - vernacular - ordinary music and people
pop- middle class music
classical - educated and rich
cuba spain puerto rico jamaica - find classical music tratidion
THE IMPORTANCE OF RITUAL MUSIC TO CARIBBEAN POPULAR MUSIC
many styles begin with religion
someone grows up in a chrch brings style of church when their older
roots of style in church
ex celia cruz
CREOLE CHARACTERISTICS
result of neoteric culture of caribbean - find your identity here
creoles - fed by new influx of immigrants
asian-indian creole music - chutney calypso
CREOLIZED
INTERNATIONAL CARIBBEAN MUSIC
rock hip hop latin raggae calypso
these styles are affiliated with spread of western culture around the world - popular because of the spread