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87 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
kyphosis
~abnormal outward curvature of the spine in the thoracic region
empyema
~a collection of pus in a body cavity, esp the pleural cavity
hemoptysis
~vomiting blood/bloody mucus
proxysmal coughing
~intermittent coughing @ night
lymphadenopathy
~enlarged lymph nodes for 3-6mo
leukopenia
~low WBC
~<200
atherosclerosis
~yellow plaque
arteriosclerosis
~narrowing/hardening of the lumen
intermittent claudication
~rest periods inbtwn ADL's to replenish O2
pheochromocytoma
~catecholines reduced by adrenal glands
hyperventilating
~breathe abnormally fast and deep
~high CO2
diaphoretic
~perspiring profusely
~easily dehydrated
diuresis
~to void, micturate, urinate alot
fluid vol deficit
~H2O & elec lost qually
~dehydration
~an abnormal loss of water from the body
fistula
~an abnormal passage from a hollow organ to the body surface, or from one organ to another
crackles
~sound of fluid in the lungs
stupor
~abusive, loud unknowingly
alkaline ingestion
~batteries
headache
~not enough O2 in brain
salicylate intoxication
~OD on ASA
circumoral numbness
~numbness around lips
bouillon
~broth simmered 4m herbs, beef, veal, and poultry bones
anoxemia
~absence of oxygen in arterial blood
stasis
~pools
intima
~inner lining of blood vessels
induration
~swelling
ligation
~surgically tying up a bleeding artery
anoxic
~no O2 in brain
jaundice
~yellow discoloration of the skin, whites of the eyes
~increase of bile pigments in the blood
~old RBC accum in liver
prodromal
~slurred speech
~vacant stare
~restlessness
asterixis
~flapping arms
vit k
~clotting med
murphy's sign
~tough, rebound tenderness
~very painful
whipple procedure
~removes pancreas
~takes 16hrs
steatorrhea
~bulky, pal, foul, smelling stool
~root beer color
polydypsia
~excessive thirst
tetany
~muscle twitching
chovstek's sign
~tap lightly on cheek
~pos: twictching
trousseau's sign
~arm curls up when taking BP
kussmal resps
~rapid/shallow resps
~ketoacidosis lead 2 coma
neuropathy
~disease or abnormality of the nervous system
~no feeling
hypoxia
~decr O2 in tissue
gastrectomy
~removal of stomach
paresthesia
~loss of sensation in lateral aspect of leg
ORIF
~open reduction internal fixation
~surgery
phantom limb
~still feeling pain after amputation and surg of ext limb
purin foods
~red meats
~organ meats
polyarthalgia
~multi joint pain
aura
~sensory warning b4 seizure
~sight/smell become sensitive
tonic-clonic seizures
~spastic
postictal effect
~seizure, then has HA
~sleeps 3-4hrs
hemiparesis
~partial weakness only one side of the body
~weakness
hemiplegia
~paralysis of one side of the body
hemianopsia
~blindness in one half of the visual field of one or both eyes
aphasia
~unable to speak & understand spoken or written language
quadriplegia
~paralysis of 4 limbs
paraplegia
~paralysis of lower limbs
flaccid
~no movement
~weakness
otorrhea
~discharge from the external ear
racoon's sign
~hemorrhaging spot around eyes
battle sign
~purple-red spot behind ear
~NI: mon UO b/c post pit gland damaged (DVAVP)
rhinorrhea
~an excessive discharge of mucus from the nose
demyelination
~damage 2 myelin sheath
~impulses arent sent out
ataxic
~loss of coordination of the muscles
~esp extremities
extraparamidal tract
~unconscious movements
~EX: swinging arms when walking
bradykinesia
~slow movement
masked gaze
~expressionless
ptosis
~dropping eyelids
acetylcholine
~a molecule released by neurons at the neuromuscular junction that causes muscle contraction
sensory neuro loss
~high pitch freq sound loss
hematuria
~blood in urine
flank pain
~pain in kidney region
elev creatinine
~kidney problem
elev BUN
~dehydrated
chronic
~long-lasting condition
enzyme
~a type of protein, produced in the body, that brings about or speeds up chemical reactions
hypoalbuminemia
~decr albumin in blood
hyperlipidemia
~incr lipids in blood
necrosis
~death of tissue
impotence
~unable to have an erection
incontinence
~unable to control your bladder
atkins diet
~proteins only
stupor
~combative
~abusive
~unknowingly
diaphragmatic breathing
~use of diaphragm accessory muscles to facilitate breathing
sanguinous
~bloody drainage
serous sanguinous
~no blood
~yellowish drainage
fetid
~horrible smell