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78 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cystalgia
Bladder pain
Cystectomy
Excision of the bladder
Cystitis
Bladder inflammation
Cystolith
Bladder stone
Cystostomy
Create a new opening into the bladder
Cystotomy
Incision into the bladder
Cystoplasty
Surgical repair of the bladder
Cystorrhagia
Rapid bleeding from bladder
Cystoscope
Instrument used to visually examine the bladder
Lithotripsy
Surgical crushing of a stone
Lithotomy
Incision to remove a stone
Nephrectomy
Excision of a kidney
Nephrogram
X-ray of a kidney
Nephritis
Kidney inflammation
Nephromegaly
Enlarged kidney
Nephroma
Kidney tumor
Nephrostomy
Create a new opening into the kidney
Nephrotomy
Incision into a kidney
Nephropathy
Kidney disease
Nephrolithiasis
Condition of kidney stones
Nephrosclerosis
Hardening of the kidney
Pyelogram
X-ray record of the renal pelvis
Urologist
Specialist in the urinary system
Urology
Study of the urinary system
Ureterectasis
Ureter dilation
Ureterostenosis
Narrowing of a ureter
Urethralgia
Urethra pain
Urethritis
Urethra inflammation
Urethrorrhagia
Rapid bleeding from the urethra
Urethroscope
Instrument to visually examine the urethra
Urethrostenosis
Narrowing of the urethra
Urinometer
Instrument to measure urine
Urinary
Pertaining to urine
Albuminuria
Albumin (protein) in the urine
Anuria
Condition of no urine
Azoturia
Nitrogenous waste (including urea) in the urine
Bacteriuria
Bacteria in the urine
Dysuria
Condition of difficult or painful urination
Glycosuria
Condition of sugar in the urine
Hematuria
Condition of blood in the urine
Ketonuria
Ketones in the urine
Nocturia
Condition of frequent nighttime urination
Oliguria
Condition of scanty amount of urine
Polyuria
Condition of too much urine
Pyuria
Condition of pus in the urine
Calculus
A stone formed within an organ by an accumulation of mineral salts. Plural is calculi.
Diuresis
Increased formation and secretion of urine
Enuresis
Involuntary discharge of urine after the age by which bladder control should have been established. This usually occurs by the age of 5. Also called bedwetting at night. There are effective medications to alleviate this.
Escherichia coli
Normal bacteria found in the intestinal tract; the most common cause of lower urinary tract infections due to improper hygiene after bowel movements
Frequency
A greater-than-normal occurrence in the urge to urinate, without an increase in the total daily volume of urine. Frequency is an indication of inflammation of the bladder or urethra.
Hesitancy
A decrease in the force of the urine stream, often with difficulty initiating the flow. It is often a symptom of a blockage along the urethra, such as an enlarged prostate gland.
Micturition
Another term for urination
Renal colic
Pain caused by a kidney stone. Can be an excruciating pain and generally requires medical treatment.
Stricture
Narrowing of a passageway
Uremia
Accumulation of waste products (especially nitrogenous wastes) in the bloodstream. Associated with renal failure.
Urgency
Feeling the need to urinate immediately
Urinary incontinence
Involuntary release of urine. In some patients an indwelling catheter is inserted into the bladder for continuous urine drainage.
Urinary retention
An inability to fully empty the bladder, often indicates a blockage in the urethra
BUN
BLOOD UREA NITROGEN
Cath
CATHETERIZATION
Cl-
CHLORIDE
C&S
CULTURE AND SENSITIVITY
E. Coli
ESCHERICHIA COLI
ESRD
END-STAGE RENAL DISEASE
GU
GENITOURINARY
HC03-
BICARBONATE
H2O
WATER
I&O
INTAKE AND OUTPUT
IVP
INTRAVENOUS PYELOGRAM
K+
POTASSIUM
KUB
KIDNEY, URETER, BLADDER
mL
MILLILITER
Na+
SODIUM
pH
ACIDITY OR ALKALINITY OF URINE
SG
SPECIFIC GRAVITY
U/A, UA
URINALYSIS
UC
URINE CULTURE
UTI
URINARY TRACT INFECTION