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83 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Allergy
An antigen-antibody reaction or sensitivity to a substance.
Contraindication
Any symptom or circumstance indicating the inappropriateness of a form of treatment otherwise advisable.
Hydration
The chemical combination of a substance with water.
Intradermal
Within the dermal layer of the skin.
Salve
An ointment applied to a wound; any ointment made with a base of fat, oil, petrolatum, or resin.
Hypnotic
An agent that induces sleep or which dulls the senses.
Intravenous
Within or into a vein.
Debris
Remains of damaged or broken-down tissue or cells.
Cardiotonic
Increasing contractility of the heart.
Compatible
Able to mix with another substance without destructive changes.
Dosage
The amount of medicine to be administered to a client at one time.
Subcutaneous
Third layer of skin which contains fat, blood, and lymph vessels, and nerves.
Keloid
Scarlike growth of collagen that results in a rounded, hard, shiny, white benign tumor.
Anaphylaxis
A hypersensitive shock state due to a foreign substance, protein, or drug.
Cathartic
A drug that increases frequency of bowel movement.
Medicine
A drug or remedy.
Sublingual
Under the tongue.
Asepsis
Prevention of contact with microorganisms.
Decubitus Ulcer
A pressure ulcer.
Erythema
Redness of the skin due to congestion of capillaries.
Occlusion
The closure or state of being closed, of a passage.
Wound dihescence
The separation of layers of a surgical wound.
Inflammatory Process
Localized response when injury or destruction of tissue has occurred; destroys, wards off, or dilutes the causative agent or the injured tissue.
Pressure Ulcer
A break in the skin caused by pressure and restricted blood flow to the area. The ulcer generally occurs over bony prominences of the heels, sacrum, hip, and shoulder.
Circulation
Movement of blood in a circular course, exiting through the aorta and coming back into the heart via the venae cavae.
Drug
Any substance that when taken into the living organism may modify one of more of its functions.
Metabolism
The biological process of changing a substance so that it (a) is less active, and (b) can be excreted.
Synthetic
Artificially prepared.
Vasodilator
Agent that causes blood vessels to dilate.
Aerobe
A microorganism that lives and grows in the presence of molecular oxygen.
Epidemiology
Division of medical science concerned with defining and explaining the interrelationships of the host, agent, and environment in causing disease.
Granulation
Formation of granules; fleshy projections formed on the surface of a gaping wound that is not healing by the normal joining together of skin edges.
Monokine
Chemical mediator released by monocytes and macrophages during the immune response. They affect growth and activity of other white blood cells.
Organism
A living thing, either plant or animal.
Primary Healing
The first stage in the wound-healing process in which the blood clot forms and the inflammatory reaction develops at the wound site.
Anesthesia
Partial or complete loss of sensation with or without loss of consciousness as a result of injury, disease, or administration of a drug.
Dyspnea
A subjective feeling of difficulty in breathing.
Congestion
The presence of an excessive amount of blood or tissue fluid in an organ or in tissue.
Narcotic
A controlled substance that depresses the central nervous system, thus relieving pain and producing sedation.
Evisceration
Protrusion of the viscera; removal of the viscera.
Purulent
Containing pus, or caused by pus.
Wound Evisceration
Protrusion of the internal viscera or organs through an opened incisional site.
Aseptic
Sterile; condition free from germs and infection.
Ecchymosis
Irregularly formed hemorrhagic area of the skin; a bruise.
Infection
Condition in which the body or body part is invaded by a pathogenic agent (microorganism or virus) that may multiply and produce effects that are injurious.
Ointment
A medicated, fatty, soft substance having antiseptic, cosmetic, or healing properties.
Systemic
Pertinent to a whole body rather than one specific area.
Collagen Formation
Formation of the protein substance of the white fibers of skin, bone, and cartilage.
Exudate
Material obtained from a wound as the result of the inflammatory process.
Incision
A cut made with a knife.
Irrigate
To rinse or wash out with a fluid.
Myofibroblast
An atypical fibroblast with features of a fibroblast and a smooth muscle cell.
Pathogen
Disease-producing organism.
Tonicity
State of normal tension (ex: muscular) or normal osmolality (body fluid).
Dehiscence
A bursting open, as a grafian follicle or wound, especially abdominal wounds.
Absorption
The passage of a substance from administration site into the bloodstream.
Contracture
Abnormal shortening of muscle tissue making the muscle resistant to stretching.
Pus
An inflammation containing leukocytes and exudate.
Aspirate
To remove by suction.
Contaminate
To soil, stain, or pollute; to render impure.
Therapeutic
Having medicinal or healing properties.
Adhesions
Formation of fibrous scar tissue around the incision as a result of surgical intervention. They can cause obstruction or malfunction by distorting the organ.
Anaerobe
An organism that lives and grows in the absence of molecular oxygen.
Dermis
Synonym for corium; the skin layer beneath the epidermis; contains vascular connective tissues.
Macrophage
A large monocyte that has left the circulation and settled and matured in tissue and serves as scavenger of the blood, cleaning it of old cells and cellular debris.
Necrotic
Death of a portion of tissue.
Parenteral
Injection of substances into the body through ay route other than alimentary; outside the intestines.
Emetic
Medicine that produces vomiting.
Addictive
Causing enslavement to some habit.
Generic
Common or general name for a drug as opposed to a brand name.
Instillation
Slowly pouring or dropping a liquid into a cavity or onto a surface.
Peristalsis
A progressive, wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in the intestines of the body.
Isolation
Limitation of movement and social contacts of a client; especially those having communicable diseases.
Phagocytosis
Ingestion and digestion of bacteria by phagocytes.
Second Intention Healing
Second stage in wound healing in which granulation occurs.
Bronchodilatation
Dilatation of the airways.
Edematous
The presence of abnormally large amounts of fluid in the intercellular tissue spaces of the body.
Epithelium
Outer covering of the body; top layer of skin.
Gangrene
Death and putrefaction of body tissue precipitated by poor or absent blood supply to the tissue. Occurs as a result of infection, injury, or disease processes.
Monocyte
Phagocytic white blood cell that matures into a macrophage.
Neutrophil
White blood cells responsible for body's protection against infection. Plays a large role in the inflammatory process.
Tertiary Healing
Using open method of wound healing; allows granulation to occur.
Antimicrobial
An agent that prevents the multiplication of microorganisms.