Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/167

Click to flip

167 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Ace
An unreturnable serve
Ad court
The side of the court in which the second point of each game begins, also called the left court or the backhand court.
Alley
Area on each side of the singles court that enlarges the surface area for doubles play.
Approach shot
Shot used from inside the baseline to enable a player at or near the baseline to attain position at the net.
Australian doubles formation
A serving formation in doubles wherein the server and server's partner and initially positioned on the same side of the court.
Australian grip
A grip midway between the Eastern and Continental, so named because it was developed in Australia to facilitate serve- and volley play on grass.
Backcourt
The area between the baseline and service line.
Backhand
For a right-hander, the stroke played on the left side of the body; the reverse for a left-hander.
Backspin or underspin
Reverse of backward rotation of the ball in flight.
Backswing
The initial portion of the swing, so called because it involves brings the racquet back before swinging it forward; it can be straight-back or loop.
Badminton
Another racquet game, played over a net with a lighter racquet and by striking a light, fluffy shuttlecock.
Ball toss
The action of lifting the ball into the air with the non-racquet arm when initiating the serve.
Baseline
The line that demarcates the legal length of the court
Block volley
A volley produced by holding the racquet firmly in the path of the oncoming ball and "blocking" it back with almost no motion.
Bounce-hit technique
A method of reducing tension and increasing concentration; the hitter says "bounce" aloud when the ball lands on his or her side of the net and "hit" when he or she makes contact.
Cannonballs
Very vast, hard serves, hit with little spin
Centerline
Refers to both the line dividing the service boxes and the smaller hashmark that bisects the baseline
Challenge ladder
Vertical listing of players, arranged like a ladder, which allows players in lower rungs to challenge players above them and move ahead of them if they win
Changeover
The time after every odd game when players change ends of the court; they have 90 seconds to make the changeover
Checkpoints
Specific spots or places to stop and examine to be sure one's grip or swing is correct
Chip shot
Soft, dipping, shot with backspin that just clears the net, forcing the net player to volley up; often employed to return serve.
Circular backswing or loop backswing
Taking the racquet back, high so that a graphic illustration of the swing would resemble a loop, or a circle; alternative to straight-back backswing.
Closed face
When the face of the racquet is inclined slightly forward, tilted toward the oncoming ball; opposite of the open face
Conditioning
Exercise schedule to prepare one physically for tennis
Consolation
A separate tournament for those who lose in the championship tournament
Contact point
The place where and when the racquet meets the ball
Continental grip
Grip that is the same for forehand and backhand, so called because it was developed on the "continent" of Europe; favored by the serve-and-volley-players.
Counter-force bracing
A mechanical means of protecting against and/or lessening the effects of tennis elbow and other tennis-related injuries
Coupling effect
When two body segments are utilized in immediate succession during the swing their cumulative effects (impact) increases
Court conditions
The state of the court itself or, more generally, the impact of sun, cold, wind and other weather factors
Court maintenance
Maintaining the court for play; procedures vary according to the type of surface
Court surface
The material that covers the court; it ranges from grass to soft grandules to wood
Court tennis
The progenitor of tennis as we know it; an indoor game developed by French royalty prior to the French Revolution
Court zones
Imaginary areas of the court that lend themselves to offensive, defensive and neutral tactics
Critical games
Games that are more important than other, such as the first and seventh games of a set.
Critical points
Points that are more important than other such as the first and fourth points of a game
Crosscourt shot
A ball hit diagonally across the court, as opposed to one hit straight down the line.
Cross slice
A shor hit with underspin, or backspin and sidespin at the same time.
Davis Cup
An international team competition between nations that began in 1900
Defensife lob
High, deep lob played from a defensive position that allows the defender time to recover court position and forces the offensive player away from the net; almost always hit with underspin.
Deuce court
Side of the court in which the first point of each game begins, also called the right court or the forehand court.
Dink shot
Soft dipping shot that just clears the net; used often in doubles, especially on return of serve
Double- fault
Failing to place either of two serves in play
Doubles
A match between two teams, each team consisting of two players.
Down-the-line shot
Ball hit straight down the line, as opposed to one hit diagonally across the ct.
Drag volley
A volley hit with the racquet face slightly open, producing some backspin; used for control
Drift or intercept
A doubles tactic wherein the receiver's partner moves into the middle to intercept server's first volley
Drilling
Practicing in a set of patterns
Drive
A hard-hit groundstroke, forehand or backhand
Drive volley or swing volley
Playing the ball in the air with a longer swing than the normal short volley movement
Dropshot
A delicate shot that barely clears the net and falls short in the opponent's court
Drop volley
Same as the dropshot, but hit off a volley, usually from a position close to the net
Eastern grip
A strong groundstroking grip, so called because it was developed in the eastern United States. it employes separate hand posistions for foreahand and backhand
Error
Failure to return the ball legally
Face
The hitting surface (strings) of the racquet in relation to the ball; the face can be open, closed, vertical or flat.
Fast courts
Court surfaces, such as wood and grass, that allow the ball to bounce faster and lower than others.
Finish
The end of the swing; also called follow-through
First volley
The first ball played bya server rushing the net after serve; usually played at or near the serviceline and before it bounces
Fitness
The product of conditioning, and the level of physical readiness to play tennis (and other sports) well.
Flat backswing
Taking the racquet straight back in preparation for the swing, as opposed to a loop or circular backswing.
Flat Face
When the strings of the racquet are perpendicular to the ground and the racquet meets the ball squarely, with little spin.
Flat serve
A serve hit with little or no spin, usually hit with great speed and power.
Flat shot
Any shot hit with little or no spin, usually hit with great speed and power
Follow-through
The finishing motion of the swing after the ball has been hit.
Footwork
The art of moving the feet in such a way that one's body is correctly positioned to execute the best possible stroke.
Forcing shot
Any shot that forces one's opponent into a defensive position
Forehand
for right hander, the stroke played on the right side of the body; vice versa for lft-hander
Forward swing
The movement of the racquet into the ball; opposite of backswing
Frame
Portion of the racquet that contains the strings or, more generally an unstrung racquet
Game
Unit of scoring. A game is won by a player who outscores hit or her opponents by two points, while scoring at least 4 pts.
Game point
The point that will win a game if the player who is ahead in the score wins it.
Grand prix circuit
A year long succession of professional tournaments linked by an overall sponsor, a bonus pool for participants and a final Masters tournament.
Grip
The way in which on holds the racquet; also the handle of the racquet itself and/or the material covering the handle
Grip Change
Shifting of one's hand on the racquet to facilitate the next shot; usually from forehand to backhand or vice versa.
Grip size
One of many sizes in which the handles of racquets are made for smaller and larger hands.
Groundstroke
Hitting the ball after it has bounced, usually from the are of the baseline
Groundstroke slice
A groundstroke hit with an open-faced racquet producing backspin or underspin
Gut
A responsive string for racquets made from animal intestines- expensive
Hairpin baskswing
Backswing whose arc describes a hairpin; a compromise between the straight-back and loop backswing
Halfcourt
The area of the court midway between the baseline and the net, aka midcourt
Half-volley
Playing the ball just after it bounces with a very low, short stroke
Hard approach shot
A shot used to approach the net, but hit very hard
Hard or composition courts
A court surface that is hard to the touch and the feet; it requires very little maintenance
Head
The area of the racquet containing the strings
Hip rotation
Movement of the hips during a swing
Hitting deep
Keeping the ball near the opponent's baseline
Hitting on the rise
Playing the ball before it has reached the peak of its bounce
Hitting short
Hitting the ball near the opponent's service line
Jump-smash
An overhead, or smash. hit while jumping in the air
Junior tennis
Competitive tennis, usually referrring to tournaments played by boys and girls 18 yrs of age and under
Kill
To pur the ball away and end the point
Kinetic chain
A coordinated action of the segments of the body (legs, hips, trunk, shoulder, arm, hand/wrist) starting with the ground reaction force to the feet on the ground and ending with the acceleration of the racquet through the ball.
Lawn tennis
Original name for tennis, alluding to the fact that the game was invested for play on grass
Le Jeu du Paume
The French racquet game that evolved iinto court tennis, and which inspired tennis. (in English, "the game of the palm."
Lob
A high, arcing shot, usually hit from behind the baseline to regain position.
Match
A contest between two or four tennis players, usually the best of three sets, but sometimes the best of five sets.
Match point
A point that will end the match if the leading player wins it
Midcourt
The area around the servicelines, halfway between the net and the baseline
Mixed doubles
A match involving two teams, each team consisting of one male, one female
Moon ball
A very high lob mixed into a baseline exchange, primarily uised to change tempo
Net
The netting placed across the middle of the court
Net player
In doubles, the partner of the server when he or she takes a normal doubles position at the net
Net rusher
A player who agressively moves forward to a position at the net
Net skimmer
A ball that barely clears the net
No-man's land
The area near the service line, also called midcourt
Offensive lob
A lob played from an intermediate or offensive position, usually hit with a lower trajectory than the defensive lob, and intended to win the point; often hit w/topsipin.
One-handed backhand
A backhand hit with one hand on the grip, as opposed to a two-handed backhand
One up one back doubles formation
Doubles positions wherein one player of a doubles team remains at the baseline while the other takes the net
Open face
When the face of the racquet is tilted away from the oncoming ball, "open" to the ball as opposed to "closed"
Open stance
Any hitting stance in which the back foot is closer to the path of the ball than the front foot
Open tennis
Play that allows amateurs and professionals to compete together
Out
Applies to any ball that lands outside the playing area
Overhead smash
A stroke played above the head with a service-type action, usually from near the net and in response to a lob
Passing Shot
A groundstroke that passes a net player on either side
Percentage tennis
Shot selection according to the posistion of the ball and the opponent, the physical dimensions of the court, and the opponent's strengths and weaknesses
Placement
Placing a shot so that it cannot be returned
Poach
In doubles, a tactic in which a net player leaves his or her area and moves into partner's territory to attempt a kill at the net
Point
The smalleds unit of scoring. (Four points win a game, as long as the player is ahead by two points or more)
Punch Volley
A volley market by a very short "punching" movement of the racquet
Putaway volley
A volley hit beyond the opponent's reach
Rally
Play exchange between two or more players
Rating
A point value that expresses a player's skill level; part of the National Tennis Rating Program (NTRP)
Ready hop
A hop used just before an opponent serves or hits the ball; helps facilitate a quick response
Ready position
A preperation for any shot; weight slightly forward; knees slightly bent, racquet up and in front of the body.
Referee
The tournament official who is responsible for the tournament draw and supervising all aspectis of play
Round Robin
A type of tournament in which all members of a group play each other in turn
Run- around forehand
Forehand hit from the backhand side, i.e. a player runs to his or her backhand side in order to hit a forehand inside of a backhand
Semicircular backswing
A backswing that approximates a semicircle i.e racquet does not complete a full circle or loop
Semiwestern grip
A grip midway between the western and eastern grips
Serve
Putting the ball into play, usually with an overhead motion
Serve-and-volley
A style of play that involves rushing toward the net immediately after the serve, in order to volley the return
Service box
The area on the other side of the net in which a serve must land in order to be legal
Service line
The line near midcourt that marks the boundaries of the service boxes
Set A unit of scoring
A set is won by the first player to reach six games by a margin of two, or by the player who wins a special tiebreak game at 6-6
Short - radius backswing
Very short preparation for the swing;most appropriate when returning serve.
Sidelines
Lines on each side forming the boundaries of the court.
Side Slice
Moving the racquet across and under the ball at impact, imparting both backspin and sidespin at the same time aka sidespin
Sideways stance
Standing in neither a closed nor an open stance, also referred to ask a square stance
Slow courts
courts that grab the ball on impact, slowing the bounce
Snap volley
A volley hit with some wrist action at impact, used for more power
Specialty shots
Shots other than the basic serve, volley and groundstrokes ie- dropshot, approach, half-volley, lob and overhead
Sphairisike
The name first given to tennis by its inventory, Major Wingfield
Squash
A racquet game played in an enclosed room with a small rubber ball
Stand in
When receiver stands inside the baseline to return a serve, intending to play the ball early
Standard doubles formation
Positions for the serving team, server stands at baseline with partner at net; for the receiving team, receiver stands near the baseline with partner on the service line
Straight-back backswing
Taking the racquet straight back, as opposed to a look or circular backswing.
Strategy
General plan of play
String
The nylon, gut or synthetic that forms the hitting surface of the racquet
"T"
The midcourt area formed by the junction of the center service line and the service lines
Tactics
The specific implementation of a general strategy, ie- your strategy is to tire your opponent, so you utilize the tactics of dropshot and lob
Taking the net
Moving from the baseline position to the net position
Tear-drop backswing
A backswing whose graphic illusion would resemble to shape of a tear-drop
Tempo
The time between shots and/or between points:tempo can be fast/slow
Tennis elbow
Pain in the elbow caused by too much play/or improper technique
Tension
The degree of tautness in strings of a racquet
Throat
The area of the racquet immediately beneath the head, joining the head to handle
Tiebreaker
A special game played to decide the winner of a set when the score is tied at 6-6. The winner of a tiebreaker game is the first player to reach 7 points, by margin of two
Topspin of forward spin
Forward rotation of the ball in flight
Tournament
Meeting of many players in a format that leads to a champion
Two-handed backhand
Backhand hit with two hands on the grip
Vertical face
When the hitting area of the racquet is at a right angle to the ground or "on edge" as opposed to an open or closed face
Volley
Playing the ball in the air before it bounces
Volley lob
Hitting a lob off the volley before the ball bounces
Western grip
A grip developed on hard courts in California, allowing a player to hit hight-bouncing balls with power and promoting top spin
Wide
An out ball that is hit wide of the diselines, as opposed to one that goes out over the baseline
Wimbledon
A suburb of London that lends its name to "The Championships," acknowledged by tennis players as the number one tournament
Winner
Ball hit beyond the opponent's reach; an unreturnable shot