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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Cluster A personality disorders? 3
Odd, bizarre, eccentric
1. Paranoid- pattern of distrust/suspicion; every out to get you
2. Shizoid- totally detached from relationships- huge void
3. Schizotypal- acute discomfort in close relationships- leading to eccentric behavior
Cluster B personality disorders? 4
dramatic, emotional, attention seeking
1. Antisocial- total disregard for others and a lack of remorse
2. Borderline- periods of intense, idealized relationships
3. Histrionic- excessive emotionality and attention seeking
4. Narcissistic- HOLLYWOOD- intense need for self admiration
Cluster C personaility disorders? 3
anxious or fearful
1. Avoidant
2. Dependent
Multi axial components: five levels?
Axis 1= clinical disorder
Axis 2= peronality disorders
Axis 3= general med conditions
Axis 4= Psychosocial/env issues
Axis 5= Global assessment of functioning (1-100) below 20 and we worry about suicidality
Attachment phases 1-4? Time period and what behaviors occur? when separation anxiety? differentiate family from not?
1. indiscriminate sociability with anything friendly; smiles and clings- birth-2 months
2. attachments in making; cry when leaves parents; assumes more control- 2-7 months
3. clear cut attachments; separation anxiety and person permanence- 7-24 months
4. Goal-directed partnerships- 24 months and onward
Attachment patterns- how respond when separated from parents?
1. Secure?
2. Avoidant?
3. Resistant?
4. Disorganized?
1. child crys, but explores room and is normal when mom returns
2. Does NOT cry upon separation; avoids parent
3. extremely angry kids
4. disorienting/disorganized behavior in parent's presence
How does imprinting occur with attachment?
olfactory/somatosensory systmes using NOREP allow kids to form emotional ties
What is temperment?
How we react and self-regulate our emotions, motor activity, and attention; genetic and intrauterine influence
Big Five Personality Factors:
Agreeable ness
openness to experience
Neurotic- emotionally unstable
Con- how much you pay attentive to planning/details
New York Longitudinal Study
differences between "inhibited" and "disinhibited children?
70% of difficult children devlop behavioral problems compared to only 15%
inhibited- extremely shy with strangers, physiologically more aroused,(HR, pupil size)
disinhibited- outgoing/social and more explorative
What is goodness of fit with regards to personality development?
when functioning of parents are in consonance with child as opposed to poorness of fit.
What is resilancy and what is vulnerability?
resil- ability to recover and mitigate the impact of adverse effects
vulner- the property of being open to injury, wounding/attack- results in cognitive delay and the inability to handle challenges
Biosocial Theory of Personality? 3 different brain systems and how tempermental extremes lead to pyschopathology
Novelty seeking = DOPA
Harm avoidance= Serotonin
Reward Dependence= NOREP

How we respond to an experience influences our immediate social env., could lead to develpment of psycho path like ADHD/depression
At what age does baby remain in flexor(fetal) position and fixes gaze 8-12" in front of him?
birth-1 month
age where opens/closes fist and smiles at everything?
2 months
age where baby smiles back and recognizes familiar faces?
4 months
age where baby grabs everything and "gooogooo gagaaaa gagaaa?
6 months
age where baby can grab cheerios (pincer grip) and cruises along furniture?
9 months
age where infant starts to walk, crawl, and climb; makes noise, but not language?
12-15 months
what age does parallel play start?
3 y/o
How much language is understandble of a 2 y/o?
3 y/o? 4 y/o?
2 y/o = 2/4 = 50%
3 y/o = 3/4 = 75%
4 y/o = 4/4 = 100%
What age can child tell stories, use scissors, blocks, etc?
age 4
age of dressing independence and full of imagination?
5 y/o
What is the goal of adolescent development? explain continuous growth (40%) vs. surgent growth (40%) vs. tumultuous growth (20%)? w/ regard to psychopathology?
Goal= to acheive emotional independence from parent; own self/values...can lead to experimentation
1. Smooth, continuous change; very confident/mature person
2. developmental spurts with periods of of progression; mixed families with mroe stress
3. Much turmoil with conflict; personal insecurity
Mirror self? vs. ego ideal? vs. Egocentrism?
Mirror- internal view that one perceives others have of himself
Ego Ideal- discrepancy between wished for and perceived self
Egocentrism- belief that others are preoccupied with one's appearance/behavior
What area of brain is not developed yet suring adolecence? How does grey matter change in all lobes?white matter? How does arborization and pruning play a role?
Frontal lobe is immature.. less executive functioning ***critical to avoid drug abuse during this time period**
White matter- increases linearly during this time in each lobe- arborization from existing white matter
Grey matter- increases then decreases (like an inverted U); due to pruning