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16 Cards in this Set

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an amendment that declared :

all persons born or naturalized in the U.S.(except Indians) were citizens, and that all citizens were entitled to equal rights
14th amendment
an amendment that freed all slaves without compensation to the slaveowners
13th amendment
those opposed to the constitution because they feared the power of the national government in the new system
Anti-Federalists
those favoring ratification of the constitution
federalists
a ruling that the Constitution gave control of interstate commerce to the U. S. Congress, not the individual states through which a route passed,
the ruling responded to an effort by the state of New York to accept a monoploy to operate steam boat traffic between New York and New Jersey
Gibbons vs. Ogden
protected in the bill of rights include economic rights related to property, political rights related to freedom of speech and press, and personal rights related to bearing arms and maintaining private residences
Individual Rights
the power of the U.S. Supreme Court to decide if a state or federal law is unconstitutional
judicial review
Maryland was opposed to the establishment of a national bank and challenged the authority of the federal government to establish one,
Supreme Court ruled that the power of the Federal Govt. was supreme over that of the states and that the states could not interfere
McCullough vs. Maryland
to make a law no longer exist
nullify
the concept that political power rests with people who can create, alter, and abolish government
people express themselves through voting and free participation in government
Popular Sovereignty
a right that belongs to all people and should never be taken away
unalienable rights
a landmark Supreme Court case which confirmed the status od slaves as property rather than citizens, a slave could not be heard in Federal Courts because he was not a citizen
Dred Scott vs. Sanford
the first judgment by the Supreme Court which supported the federal system of government
Marbury vs. Madison
the concept that political power rests with people who can create, alter, and abolish government
people express themselves through voting and free participation in government
Popular Sovereignty
in 1828 , Congress approved a high tariff to protect U.S. interests from competition from foreign trade
Nullification Crisis
an amendment that granted black men the right to vote
15th amendment