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60 Cards in this Set

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Who is given credit for the development of Swedish massage,
but did not invent it? (He put the info together in a
workable form that became known as the Swedish Movement Cure.)
Per Henrick Ling
In what year did Massage first become licensed in Ohio?
1915
The current Scope of Practice for Massage Therapy was written in what year?
2004
what is the rate of speed for lateral vibration?
6-10 times per second
the rate of movement should be 30 to 90 per minute:
petrissage
what type of kneading states that direction is not important?
superficial kneading (fulling)
what is another name for "superficial kneading"
fulling
list the 7 forms of deep kneading
and their rate of movement...
petrissage - 30 to 90 per minute
wringing - not to exceed 30 per minute
chucking - 2 to 6 times
rolling - 200 to 400 per minute
digital - (no rate listed)
fist - (no rate listed)
palmar - (no rate listed)
what are therapeutic applications of superficial kneading (fulling)?
dropsy, edema, jaundice, and skin impairments
what are the 3 main physiological effects of massage?
mechanical
metabolic
reflex
what are the 7 procedures of massage therapy?
touch
stroking
friction
kneading
vibration
percussion
joint movement
what are the 3 forms of touch?
passive touch
pressure
nerve compression
in what direction should friction be applied for anemia of the brain?
rub upward
"all hail the brain"
friction on the back of the hand should only be done at what rate per minute?
60
define petrissage
a french term applied to deep kneading,
as distinguished from superficial kneading
what is the principle physiological effect of friction?
mechanical - to move blood and lymph
(increase circulation acting on the
venous blood and lymphatic vessels)
in Ohio's Scope of Practice, what is the definition of a mechanical device?
any tool or device mimics or enhances the actions
possible by the hand that is within the scope of practice
name the different types of friction.
centripetal
centrifugal
circular
spiral
rotary
what is the purpose of stroking?
to diminish the blood supply to the area
what is the most pronounced effect of vibration?
the nerves are the most influenced
what is the primary physiological effect of percussion?
stimulates
what are the physiological effects of vibration?
stimulating or electrifying effects to the nerve trunks,
produce tingling or muscular contraction or tetany;
increase circulation,
raise body temperature;
nerves are the most influenced
what are the therapeutic applications of vibration?
nerve disorders, neuralgia,
neurasthenia, numbness & tingling;
paralysis & paresis;
spasm & sclerosis,
coldness of the extremities
tapping (where)
head
chest
hacking (where)
head
chest
spine
anywhere on the body
spatting (where)
anywhere on the body
beating (where)
lower back
fleshy portion of the thighs
cupping (where)
fleshy parts when strong surface stimulation is desired
lateral vibration (where)
fingertips - head / joints
palm - abdomen / pelvis
superficial vibration (where)
anywhere on the body
deep vibration (where)
abdomen or fleshy areas to affect deep tissues
digital vibration (where)
anywhere on the body
knuckle vibration (where)
back
abdomen
lateral thigh
you show knuckles when you hold a BAT .......
shaking (where)
head / extremities
knuckle stroking produces what physiological effect?
stimulating
what 2 types of stroking produce a sedative effect?
digital
palmar
what are 4 types of stroking?
digital
palmar
knuckle
reflex
what are the physiological effects of vibration?
stimulating or electrifying effects to the nerve trunks,
produce tingling or muscular contraction or tetany.
increase circulation,
raise the body temperature
what is the most pronounced effect of vibration?
nerves are the most influenced
what is the direction of petrissage?
from insertion to origin of a muscle;
always in an upward direction on extremities
(distal to proximal)
what are therapeutic applications of deep kneading?
muscular weakness,
muscular rigidity,
sprains, fractures,
neuralgia, paralysis, paresis,
sciatica, scalp immobility
what are the 7 types of deep kneading?
wringing
rolling
chucking
petrissage
digital
palmar
fist
where does Kellogg apply rolling?
back
extremities
chest
hips
what are the 6 sub-divisions of vibration?
lateral
superficial
deep
digital
knuckle
shaking
what are the physiological effects of vibration?
stimulating or electrifying effects to the nerve trunks,
produce tingling or muscular contraction or tetany
increase circulation,
raise body temperature
what are the therapeutic applications of friction?
conditions of skin impairment,
cold or inactive conditions of the skin,
inflamed joints, pelvic pain,
headache, cerebral congestion,
cerebral anemia, insomnia,
how many forms of kneading are there and what are they?
2
deep and superficial
which massage procedure is of great value in the treatment of fractures and sprains?
kneading
what is another name for effleurage?
light friction
in passive touch, is elevation of the skin
temperature a physiological or therapeutic effect?
physiological
in passive touch, nervous irritability is physiological or therapeutic?
therapeutic
what is the reflex effect of friction upon the vasomotor centers?
1. increase blood supply to the skin which increases heat to the surface
2. increase activity of subdoriferous glands which leads to increased perspiration.
what 2 things does friction throw off?

increase of what increases heat to the surface
increased activity of what leads to increased perspiration
what are 3 main physiological effects of massage
and what are the most effective procedures for each?
mechanical (most effective is friction)
metabolic (most effective is kneading
reflex (most effective is vibration)
what are 2 purposes for draping
privacy/security
warmth
what is Kellogg's definition of massage?
systematic rubbing or manipulation of the tissues of the body and is one of the oldest means used for relief of bodily infirmities.
how long can you apply friction without lubrication?
2-5 minutes
how long can you apply friction WITH lubrication?
5-8 minutes
explain how the physiologic effects of pressure relieve pain
1. empties the blood vessels
2. benumbs the nerves
what is the rule for the direction of stroking?
one direction only
follow arterial blood flow
how many times may stroking be repeated on the same area?
many times or until the desired effect is produced