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134 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
amblyopia
dull vision
Cyanoderma
blue skin
Craniectomy
surgical removal of a portion of the skull
phacocele
herniation of the lens of the eye
chondritis
inflammation of the cartilage
Edem/o
swelling
Calcaneodynia
Pain in the heel when standing or walking
Phrenalgia
pain in the diaphram
Cardiologist
A specialist in the study of the diseases of the heart
Open manipulation
movementy of a body part with a fracture to cause bone alignment with surgery
Internal fixation
screws or nails in bone under the skin
Closed manipulation
movement of a body part to cause bone ends to align without surgery
Angiopathy
generalized disease condition of the vessels
Bradycardia
abnormally slow heart action (below 60bpm)
Angioplasty
surgical repair of a vessel
Tachycardia
an abnormally fast heartbeat (above 100bpm)
Arthroplasty
plastic surgery of a joint (as the hip or knee)
Arthrocentesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid from the joint space
Arthroscopy
visual examination of the inside of a joint with an endoscope
Tenoplasty
surgical repair of a tendon
Hemoptysis
spitting up blood
Hemothorax
blood in the chest cavity
Anemia
a blood condition
Emphysema
hyperinflation of air sacs with destruction of alveolar walls
Name the cranial bones
frontal bone, parietal bone, temporal bone, occipital bone, sphenoid bone, and ethmoid bone
lamina
spinal column
Hyperopia
farsightedness
Myopia
nearsightedness
Diplopia
double vision
Dysplasia
abnormal growth or formation
Coccyg/o
coccyx
Arthrodesis
fixation of a joint by fusion
Trachealgia
pain in the windpipe
Tracheorrhagia
hemhorrhage from windpipe
Endotracheal
from within the trachea
Closed fracture
a bone is broken but there is no open wound in the skin
Open fracture
a bone is broken and a fragment of the bone protrudes through the skin
Pathological fracture
caused by disease of the bone such as tumor or infection, making it weak
Comminuted fracture
a bone is splintered or crushned into several pieces
Simple fracture
a bone breaks in only one place
Chondr/o
cartilage
Cervic/o
cervical, neck
Pericardium
membrane surrounding the heart
epicardium
membrane layer right on the heart, also called the visceral pericardium
Myocardium
muscle layer of the heart
Pharynges
plural of pharynx (throat)
Ischemia
temporary deficiency of blood flow to an organ or tissue
Audiologist
individual that studies hearing
audiometer
instrument that test hearing
Tympanometer
instrument that test the eardrum
Keratocele
herniation of the cornea
Keratoplasty
plastic operation of the cornea
Corelysis
destruction of the pupil
Anisocoria
unequal pupil size
Retinitis
inflammation of the retina
Retinoplasty
surgical repair of the retina
Indalgia
pain in the iris
Indocele
herniation of the iris
Pubis
anterior part of the pelvis and the two pubic bones joined by way of a cartilaginous disk
Myospasm
an involuntary contraction of a muscle
Calcaneodynia
a painful heal
Cyanoderma
blue skin
erythroderma
red skin or blushing
melanoderma
black or discolored skin
leukoderma
white skin
Rhinoplasty
plastic repair of the nose
Rhinorrhea
discharge from the nose (runny nose)
Rhinotomy
incision into the nose
Rhinitis
inflammation of the nose
Myelitis
inflammation of the bone marrow (spine)
Femur
thigh bone
Tympanometry
process of measuring the function of the eardrum
Tympanectomy
excision of the eardrum
Tympanotomy
incision into the eardrum
Tympanic (adj.)
pertaining to the eardrum
Lymphangiopathy
generalized disease condition of lymph vessels
Exetropia
eyes point outward
Esotropia
eyes point inward
Hypertropia
eyes point upward
Hypotropia
eyes point downward
Otalgia
child's earache
ot/o
ear
Otopyorrhea
discharge of pus from the ear
Otitis
inflammation of the ear
Otic
pertaining to the ear
Condyle (noun)
a rounded protuberance at the end of a bone forming an articulation that looks like a knuckle
Tympan/o
tempanic membrane or eardrum
Cochle/o
Cochlea
Audi/o
hearing or the sense of hearing
Cervical vertebrae
cervic/o (C1,C2,C3-7)
Thoracic vertebrae
thorac/o (T1,T2,T3-12)
Lumbar vertebrae
lumb/o (L1,L2,L3-5)
Arthro
joint
Bronchostomy
incision into the bronchi
Bronchorraphy
suturing of the bronchus
Broncholith
calculus in the bronchus
tenonto or teno
Tendon
Lacrimal gland
responsible for secreting tears
abductor muscle
moving the body part away from the median line of the body
adductor muscle
muscle that draws toward the medial line of the body or the common center
Osteochondritus
inflammation of bone and cartilage
Rheumatoid arthritis
chronic disease in which joints beconme inflammed and painful
-al
not
Craniectomy
surgical removal of a portion of the skull
endocardium
inner lining of the heart
encephal/o
brain
Arthro
joint
Hemolysis
destruction of blood cells
Hematophobia
abnormal fear of blood
Hematology
a study of blood
Hemangioma
a tumor of a blood vessel
Hemarthrosis
a condition of blood in a joint
Blepahritis
puffiness of the eyelid
ten/o, tendon/o, tendin/o
tendon
Hypertrophy
what happens to muscle builder's muscles as a result of weight lifting
Osteochondritus
inflammation of bone and cartilage
Hemolysis
destruction of blood cells
Hematophobia
abnormal fear of blood
Hematology
a study of blood
Hemangioma
a tumor of a blood vessel
Rheumatoid arthritis
chronic disease in which joints beconme inflammed and painful
Hemarthrosis
a condition of blood in a joint
Craniectomy
surgical removal of a portion of the skull
pelv/i
pelvis
phalang/o
phlanges
encephal/o
brain
ili/o
ilium or upper part of pelvic bones
Hemianopsia
loss of vision in the contralateral (opposite side) visual field
Opthalmocele
herniation of the eye
Opthalmalgia
pain in the eye
-gram
picture or record
-graph
instrument used to make a recording or picture
-graphy
process of using a recording instrument
-grapher
person who makes the recording or picture