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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
study of structure and shape of the body?
anatomy
study of how parts of the body function?
physiology
atoms combine to form?
molecules
molecules combine to form?
cells
cells combine to form?
tissues
tissues combine to form?
organs
organs work together to form?
organ systems
all the organ systems in the body form?
an organism
Four basic tissue types in humans are?
1) epithelial
2) connective
3) nervous
4) muscular
What are the 2 functions of epithelium tissue?
Covering (such as skin) or glandular tissue
Name 4 common characteristics of epithelium tissue?
1) connects in sheets
2) does not have own blood supply
3) dependent on diffusion for food/water
4) can regenerate
What are the 2 types of epithelium tissue?
1) simple
2) stratified
Simple epithelium is one layer of cells used for?
absorption, secretion and filtration
Stratified epithelium has multiple layers of cells and is used for?
protection
Connective tissue is used to?
connect different parts of the body
A trait common to most connective tissue is?
it has its own blood supply, however, ligaments do not
Some types of connective tissue include?
bone
cartilage,
adipose (fat) tissue
blood (vascular) tissue
what tissue is dedicated to producing movement?
muscle tissue
Some types of muscle tissue are?
skeletal
cardiac
smooth muscle
muscle tissue that allows for voluntary movement?
skeletal muscle tissue
2 muscle tissues under involuntary movement?
smooth muscle
cardiac muscle
where is smooth muscle found?
on the walls of internal organs
Type of tissue that makes up neurons?
nervous tissue
sends electrical impulses throughout the body?
nuerons
The nervous system structure includes?
brain
spinal cord
nerves
Type of muscle tissue found in the digestive system?
smooth muscle
Order 6 levels of structural organization from most to least complex?
Most
1) Organism
2) Systemic
3) Organ
4) Tissue
5) Cellular
6) Chemical
The heart is _____ to the sternum?
a) deep
b) inferior
c) anterior
d) proximal
a) deep
The spine is part of the:
a) skeletal system
b) nervous system
c) lymphatic system
d) endocrine system
a) skeletal system
Which type of tissue would you find in the heart?
a) connective
b) cardiac
c) simple epithelium
d) both A & B
d) both connective and cardiac muscle
Which of the following activities is most likely controlled by the nervous system?
a) remove heat from blood
b) regulate blood pressure
c) provide nutrients to various parts of the body
d) control muscle growth
b) regulate blood pressure
Which is NOT a protection for the brain?
a) skull
b) cerebrospinal fluid
c) blood-brain barrier
d) smooth muscle
d) smooth muscle
Which statement is true?
a) the arrangement of fibers w/i a muscle determines the capacity of forceful contraction
b) visceral muscle is under voluntary control
c) the functional unit of muscle tissue is sarcoplasm
d) the more muscle cells innervated, the finer the movement
a) the arrangement of fibers w/i a muscle determines the capacity of forceful contraction
The reproductive system works with other organ systems by?
a) influencing bone growth and form
b) releasing hormones that influence muscle strength
c) controlling the pituitary gland
d) removing some wastes from the lymphatic system
a) influencing bone growth and form
Which organ system:
removes nitrogen -containing wastes from the body?
urinary system
Which organ system:
directs bodily defenses against external stimuli?
nervous system
Which organ system:
regulates heart and breathing rate?
nervous system
Which organ system:
releases hormones that influences strength?
endocrine
Which organ system:
regulates electrolyte balance?
urinary
Which organ system:
regulates re-absorption of water and electrolytes?
endocrine
Which organ system:
transforms vitamin D into a useful form?
urinary
Which organ system:
provides nutrients for the body and removes wastes?
digestive
Which organ system:
transports hormones throughout the body?
cardiovascular
Which organ system:
controls functions of the pituitary gland?
nervous
Which organ system:
underlies aggressive behavior in the brain?
reproductive
Which organ system:
regulates muscle growth
reproductive