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37 Cards in this Set

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How is Mary the new Eve? What is one similarity and one difference between the two?
Mary has been explained to be the new Eve because she repaired that which was undone by Eve's sin.
similarity: their maternity; Eve is the mother of the whole human family, Mary is the mother of the Church, all those reborn in Christ. difference: Eve was disobedient to God, whereas Mary was obedient
How is Mary shown to be the new tabernacle?
Connection made by scripture scholars between the divine presence coming in the form of a cloud and the overshadowing of Mary by the Holy Spirit.
How is Mary considered an ideal disciple?
Luke portrayed her as the ideal disciple when she humbly placed herself as another one of the students of her son, Christ.
Why is Mary's greatness not in question, even when Jesus appears to downplay her role?
Even though Jesus seems to downplay Mary's greatness by generalizing his brethren as , "those who hear the word of God and keep it", Luke's later expounding on her greatness is what reinsures her validity in Catholic belief.
What, in Mary's life, shows her faithfulness to God?
When she submits completely to God's will when invited by Gabriel to bear the Son of God. In addition to humbly bearing Jesus, she visits him during his public ministry, stands by him under the cross and gathers with the disciples at Pentecost. Augustine says, "Mary is more blessed because of her faith as a follower than of her bearing Christ"
How is Mary doubly blessed?
In being Christ's mother and faithful follower.
"Blessed is she who trusted that the Lord's words to her would be fulfilled (Lk. 1:45)"

Who said this under whose guidance?
Elizabeth, Mary's cousin, with the guidance of the Holy Spirit.
Explain the teaching that Mary is a Virgin Mother? What are scriptural derivations for this teaching?
The teaching that Jesus' birth was conceived through divine and not normal natural sexual means. In Luke's gospel Mary asks, "How can this be since I do not know man?"
How does the teaching regarding Mary's virginity illuminate a truth about Christ?
Mary's virginity shows that Jesus could only have had a divine origin.
Explain the title "Mother of God. Where was this title of Mary defined?
Church founders wanted to emphasize Jesus as God in calling Mary the Mother of God. This title originated at the Council of Ephesus in 431.
What is not implied in the title of "Mary Mother of God"?
This does not mean there was no God until Mary birthed him.
What truth about Christ is illuminated in Mary's title as Mother of God?
the Incarnation which is the divine and human nature that are an integral part of the belief in who Christ is.
What is meant when the church teaches that Mary is the Immaculate Conception?
This refers to Mary being shielded from Original Sin from the time of her own conception in her mother's womb until the time of Jesus' birth.
Why is significant theologically for Mary to be free from original Sin?
Mary's freedom from original sin allows her to choose to accept Christ with the same primordial freedom which Eve had to choose humanity's downfall.
Does the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception compromise the teaching that Mary was saved through Jesus?
No--her salvation was just more perfect than the salvation others experienced and her Son's grace prevented her from falling.
What is the doctrine of the Assumption?
The belief that Mary's death consisted of her body and soul being taken up to heaven.
In what way is Mary's Assumption a unique privilege? In what way is it a fulfillment of a promise made to all Christians?
Privilege because of her sinlessness and her unique role in salvation history. It is a fulfillment of a promise to all baptized Christians that they will eventually be taken up body and soul to heaven.
What fact concerning relics provides indirect support for the doctrine of Mary's Assumption?
No Church has ever claimed to have relics of Mary's body.
Name the 3 events associated with the foundation of the Church?
1. The gathering of the apostles 2. The donation of the life-giving sacraments of Baptism and Eucharist and
3. Pentecost
4 ways of describing what the Church is.
1. Kingdom of God on earth
2. The people of God
3. The body of Christ
4. The temple of the Holy Spirit
5 things the Church does to help make Christ present.
1. The sacraments esp. Eucharist (real presence)
2. Scripture
3. prayer 4. witness of a holy life
5. sacred art
Describe the basic structure of the Church.
Christ is the head and all members baptized into his body.
1. Successor of Peter (pope) acts as chief shepherd on earth. 2. successors of the apostles (bishops) as shepherds. 3. religious and laity--those who follow evangelical counsels and are baptized.
What is the Church's destiny?
To be happy together with God forever in the life to come
What are the 4 marks of the Church?
one, holy, catholic, apostolic
"I pray not only for them, but also for those who will believe in me through their word, so that they may all be one, as you, Father, are in me and I in you (John 17)" What is Christ praying for in this text?
For the Unity of the Church
What are some of the characteristics that make the church "one"?
1. one body and one spirit
2. one Lord, one faith, one baptism
3. one God and Father of all
Where is there beneficial diversity in the Church?
In the liturgical rites
What are Christians entrusted to do to restore unity to the Church?
1. Repent/forgive
2. seek greater understandin by recognizing common teaching and trying to overcome misunderstandings. 3. Praying and doing good works together 4. praying to the Holy Spirit for Unity
Why is the Church called "holy"? Where in the Church is this manifested already?
because Christ makes it holy. In Mary, the Church's great saint
Why is the Church "catholic"? What are two interpretations of this mark?
It is universal. 1. Preserves all that Christ bequeathes to it and 2. gospel's message is intended for everyone.
Why is the Church "apostolic"?
It traces its teaching and succession of her bishops back to the original witnesses to the faith, the twelve chosen by Jesus
What is the ancient ceremony from which this apostolic succession is guaranteed?
The laying on of the hands, a traditional gesture of invoking the Holy Spirit.
What is the magisterium?
The teaching authority of the Church.
In Matt 18:18, Jesus says to all the apostles: "Amen, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loosen on earth shall be loosened in heaven." What do Catholics interpret this to mean?
Jesus is giving the apostles--and later bishops to be the magisterium, or the interpreters of Christ's teachings.
What do Catholics mean when they say that a Pope or Council is infallible?
It means that a Pope or Council has teaching authority to teach without error under certain conditions
What are the conditions of infallible magisterium?
1. the Pope or Council must communicate clearly that infallible teaching authority is being excercised
2. The teaching can only concern matters of faith and morals
Why was the power of infallible magisterium given to the Church?
In order that believers can proclaim the truths of the faith with true confidence in the infallibility of their faith.