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16 Cards in this Set

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a change in human disposition or behavior that is a consequence of experience;it is an intellectual, emotional, internal, collaborative, and cooperative process
learning
believes that the environment is the essential factor in determining human action?
behaviorism
the process by which individuals copy what they observe?
imitation
is the process by which a person learns by observing the behavior of others?
modeling
depicts learning as largely a mental or thinking process in which the learner structures and processes information?
cognitive theory
key factors in learning?
developmental readiness
individual readiness
bloom identified three areas (domains)of learning?
1.cognitive
2.affective
3.psychomotor
includes intellectual skills such as knowing, comprehending, applying, and analying?
cognitive
includes changes in feelings,emotions,interests,
attitudes,and appreciation?
affective
includes motor skills such as learning to walk with crutches?
Psychomotor
focuses on both the cognitive and affective qualities of the learner. learning is focus on self-development and achieving full potential.Autonomy and self-determination are important. the learner identifies the learning needs and takes responsibility for meeting them. learning occurs best when it is important to the learner?
humanism
Name factors that facilitate learning?
1.motivation
2.readiness
3.energy level
4.active involvement
5.feedback
6.repetition
7.timing
8.environment
Factors that inhibit learning?
1.emotions(fear,anger,depress
2.pain,fatigue(physiological
3.cultural barriers
4.psychomotor ability(strenght needed)
Nursing interventions:
guidelines for teaching
1.assess knowledge level
2.repetition,reinforcement
3.use techniques to increase motivation
4.sequence content thoughtfully(review what learner knows and then proceed to new)
5.teaching plan(learning needs are prioritized
6.collaborate with others
7.involve the learner in planning goals
8. use vocab client understands
9.create facilitative environment
Nursing interventions increasing motivation:
1.relate leaning to simething the client values
2.help the client make the learning situation pleasant
3.encourage self-direction and independence
4.show a positive attitude about the clients ability to learn
5.break learning into small tasks
6.reading material at client reading level.
Sequence the content
how would you begin a teaching session?
1.start with something the client is concerned about.(how the disease will affect his lifestyle
2.review what learner knows. then proceed to new material
3.address any areas that create client anxiety
4.teach the basics(simple first)then complex
5.schedule time for review and questions.