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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are 3 types of reinforcers?
- social
- material
- activity
What is a social reinforcer?
smiles, compliments, words, physical contact - its used to acknowledge a learned behavior
What is a material reinforcer?
food, toys, music - works best with young children
What is a activity reinforcer?
physical therapy - person is motivated to engage in activity if there is an opportunity to participate in more desirable activity upon completion
What are some teaching strategies for the older adult?
- provide individualized info
- present info slow and short
- include family
- repeat info often
- reinforce teaching with resources and practice
- emphasize concerns and past coping strategies
- allow more time for pt to express themselves
- demonstrate and ask questions
- establish realistic goals
- follow up sessions
- base new info on previous level of learning
What are some teaching strategies for the pt with limited health literacy?
- one on one sessions
- individualize to meet needs
- use variety of resources
- visual aids
- simple words
- encourage questions
What are the 3 domains of learning?
- cognitive
- affective
- psychomotor
What is the cognitive domain of learning?
what the patient understands
What is the affective domain of learning?
the patients attitudes and beliefs
What is the psychomotor domain of learning?
motor skills - return demonstration
What 2 things must happen in order for the patient to learn?
The patient must be willing and able at the same time
What are some benefits to patient education?
- decrease health care costs
- improves quality of care
- provides needed info
- helps to make informed decisions
- helps pt become more independent
What is the purpose of patient education?
- achieve and maintain optimal levels of health
- maintenance and promotion of health
- restoration of health
- coping with impaired functioning
What are some topics for health maintenance and promotion and illness prevention?
- first aid
- avoiding risk factors
- growth and development
- hygiene
- immunizations
- prenatal care
- nutrition
- exercise
- safety
What are some topics for restoration of health?
- pt disease and illness
- cause of disease
- origin of symptoms
- prognosis
- limitations on function
- rationale for treatment
- medications
- nursing measures
What are some topics for coping with impaired function?
- rehab
- home care
- prevention of complications
What is the role of the Nurse in teaching and learning?
- encourage pt to engage in activities that lead to desired change or health behavior
- answer pt questions
- provide info based on health needs/treatment plans
- clarify info from variety of sources
The ability to learn depends on what?
- developmental capability of pt
- age group
- physical capability
What does the Wide Range Achievement Test measure?
reading, spelling and math skills
What are some teaching measures for the infant?
- consistency
- hold firm
- speak soft
What are some teaching measures for the toddler?
- play
- picture books
- simple words
What are some teaching measures for the preschooler?
- role play
- simple explanations
- pictures and short stories
What are some teaching measures for the school aged child?
- psychomotor skills
- discuss health problems and answer questions
What are some teaching measures for the teenager?
- self expression
- allow them to make decisions
- problem solving
There are 4 types of teaching approaches. What are they?
- telling
- entrusting
- participating
- Reinforcing
Which teaching approach?
emergent diagnostic procedure - no time for feedback
Telling
Which teaching approach?
Provides patient opportunity to manage self care. Pt accepts responsibilities and correctly performs the task while the nurse observes
Entrusting
Which teaching approach?
you and pt set objectives and participate together. Pt helps decide content
Participating
Which teaching approach?
using a stimulus that increases the probability of a response
Reinforcing
What are some key areas of the assessment?
- pt understanding of current health status
- info or skills needed to perform self care
- experiences that influence pt need to learn
- info necessary for family members to meet pt needs