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33 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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vascular plant
plants with a tubelike system of vessels
alternation of generations
a cycle that alternates beltween the 2 forms (haploid & diploid) of the moss plant
sorus
spore-producing structures located on the underside of ferns' fronds
rhizoid
root-like filament that holds a moss in place
bog
a poorly drained area with spongy, wet ground that is composed mainly of dead & decaying plants. The decomposing & decaying are slowed because of lack of oxygen.
prothallus
fern's gametophyte
mitosis
asexual reproduction
pioneer species
1st plants ina new environment - prepare soil for other plants
nonvascular plant
plant with no vascular tissue - normally thinner, simpler, and not so detailed as vascular plants because they take nutrients DIRECTLY from the environment instead of having vessels (vascular tissue) to get the nutrients for them
yo
ish
gametophyte
gamete-producing part of plant
frond
leaf of a fern
cuticle
waxy coating , keeps plants moist
cellulose
material that makes up cell walls
meiosis
kind of sexual reproduction
rhizome
underground stem of a fern
sporophyte
spore-producing structure of a plant
carotenoid
red/yellow/orange pigment in some plants (like carrots!)
chlorophyll
green pigment in most plants used for photosynthesis
zygote
cell produced through fertilization
When s&e
zygote
cell produced through fertilization
embryo
form that zygote turns into
fertilization
process where sperm & egg join to form a zygote
What are the characteristics of ALL plants?
ALL plants are:
-multicellular
-eukaryotic
-cell walls
-have roots/rootlike
structures
-pigments
-do not move
-they adapt to many
different environments
What are some good things about plants that grow on land?
-Carbon dioxide form living things on land
-nutrients from land
Explain - BRYOPHYTES
BRYOPHTES
-live in damp areas
-nonvascular
-Peat Moss
-Liverworts
-Mosses
-(pioneer plants)
What is the difference between vascular and nonvascular?
VASCULAR:
-bigger
-have vascular tissue
-stronger and more detailed
NONVASCULAR:
-smaller
-don't have any vascular
tissue
-simpler and weaker
Characteristics of Mosses, Liverworts, Club
Mosses, Spike Mosses, Horsetails, & Ferns
-gametophyte & sporophyte
-seedless/spores
-cell walls
-eukaryotic
-multicellular
-vascular or nonvascular
Bogs & Fuel Formation
--> Bog: decomposing plants, slowed by lack of oxygen
--> Bog contents are compressed and made into coal - fuel
Basic Cyclone Colector
uses GRAVITY to reduce particles
Electrostatic Precipitator
uses ELECTRIC FIELDS to collect fields
Typical bag filter
uses BAGS to filter particles
Scrubber
uses LIMESTONE to change sulfur dioxide into calcium sulfate