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68 Cards in this Set

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superior(cranial or cephalad)
Toward the head end or upper part of th structure or th body; above
inferior(caudal)
away from the head end or tpward the lower part of the structure or the body; below
anterior(ventral)
toward or at the front of the body; in front of
posterior(dorsal)
away from the backside of the body; behind
medial
toward or at the midline of the body; on the innner side of
lateral
away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of
intermediate
between a more medial and a more lateral structure
proximal
close to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk (close to the joint)
distal
farther away from the joint
superficial
toward or at the body surface
deep
away from the body surface; more internal; closer to the insides
abdominal
anterior body trunk inferior to ribs; the middle part of the body
acromial
point of shoulder
antecubital
anterior surface of elbow
axillary
armpit
brachial
arm
buccal
cheek area
carpal
wrist
cervical
neck region
coxal
hip
crural
leg
digital
fingers, toes
femoral
thigh
fibular
lateral part of leg
inguinal
area where thigh meets body trunk; groin
nasal
nose area
oral
mouth
orbital
eye area
patellar
anterior knee
pelvic
area overlying the pelvis anteriorly
pubic
general region
sternal
breastbone area
tarsal
ankle region
thoratic
chest
umbilical
naval
cephalic
head
deltiod
curve of shoulder formed by large deltiod muscle
gluteal
buttock
lumbar
area of back between ribs and hips
occipital
posterior surface of head
popliteal
posterior knee area
sacral
area between hips
scapular
shoulder blade region
sural
the posterior surface of lower leg; the calf
vertebral
area of spine
section
cut through a body wall
plane
an imaginary line
sagittal section
cut made along the lenthwise plane of the body into right and left parts
mid sagittal or median section
cuts made down the median part of the body into equel size
frontal section
divides the body into anterior and posterior parts
coronal section
divides the body into anterior and poserior parts
tranverse section
cut made along horizantal plane into superior and inferior parts
cross section
cut along a horizantal plane dividing the body into superior and inferior parts
dorsal body cavity
has 2 subdivisions which are continous with each other
cranial cavity
space inside the bony skull
spinal cavity
extends form the cranial cavity nearly to the end of the vertebral column
ventral body cavity
contains all structures withen the chest and the abdomen
thoracic cavity
it is the superior of the ventral cavity;
seperated by the rest of the venral cavity by the diaphram
diaphragm
dome-shaped muscle
abdominopelvic cavity
inferior to the diaphragm; contains lungs, heart, and other organs.
abdominal cavity
the superior to the abdominopelvic cavity;
contains stomach, liver, intestines, and other organs
pelvic cavity
is inferior to the abdominopelvic cavity;
contains reproductive organs, bladder, and rectum
umbilical region
centermost region;
deep to and surounding the naval
epigastric region
located superior to the umbilical region
hypogastric region
inferior to the umbilical region
right and left iliac (inguinal) regions
lateral to hypogastral region
right and left lumbar regions
lateral to umbilical region
right and left hypochondriac region
flank and epigastric region and contain the lower ribs