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104 Cards in this Set

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Anterior Drawer Test
ATFL Tear
Talar Tilt Test
Excessive movement of the talus in the talocrural joint (inversion tests CFL, eversion tests deltoid)
External Rotation Test
High-Ankle Sprain; Deltoid Ligament
Squeeze Test
High-Ankle Sprain
Thompson Test
Achilles tendon rupture
Valgus Stress Test
MCL
Varsus Stress Test
LCL
Anterior Drawer Test with Foot Pointing Straight
ACL only
Anterior Drawer Test w/ leg IR 20 degrees (Slocum Test)
ACL; Posterolateral capsule
Anterior Drawer Test w/ leg ER 15 degrees (Slocum Test)
ACL; Posteromedial capsule
Lachman Test
ACL and PCL
Pivot Shift Test
Anterolateral rotary stability
Posterior Drawer Test
PCL
Gravity (Sag) Test
PCL
Godfrey Test
PCL
McMurray's Test
Meniscal Tears
Apley's Compression Test
Meniscal Tears
Apley's Distraction Test
distinguishes between collateral ligamentous tears from capsular and meniscal tears
Apprehension Test
Patellar Subluxation/ Dislocation
Patella Compression
Chondromalacia
Patella Grinding
Patellar Tendinitis or Chondromalacia
Ballotable Patella
"Water on the Knee"
Ober's Test
IT Band
Nobel's Test
IT Band
Kendall Test
Hip Flexion Contracture (Iliopsoas; rectus femoris)
Thomas Test
Hip Flexion Contracture (Iliopsoas; rectus femoris)
Patrick (FABER) Test
SI Joint
Gaenslen's Test
SI Joint
Renne's Test
TFL Tightness
Tredelenburg's Test
Gluteus Medius Weakness
Piriformis Test
Tightness of Piriformis
Ely's Test
Rectus Femoris Tightness
Trocanteric Bursitis
"Snapping Hip Syndrome"
Dislocation of Hip Joint
Dislocated Femur Head from Pelvis
Avascular Necrosis
Temporary or Permanent Loss of the Blood Supply to the proximal femur
Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
"Coxa Plana"
Iliac Crest Contusion
"Hip Pointer"
Pelvic Fractures
Fractures to the pelvic area including the innominate bones, sacrum or coccyx
Quadriceps Contusion
Thigh Bruise
Quadriceps Strain
Pulled Thigh Muscle
Hamstring Strains
Pulled Hamstring
Femoral Fractures
Broken Leg; Medical Emergency
Groin Strain
Pull of Groin Area
Patella Subluxation/Dislocation
"Miserable Misalignment Syndrome"
Osgood-Schlatter Disease
Apophysitis of the tibial tubercle
Singing-Larsen-Johansson Condition
Pain @ the inferior pole of the patella
Patella Tendon Rupture
Tear of the Patellar Tendon
Prepatellar Bursitis
Housemaid's Knee
Infrapatellar Bursitis
Jumper's Knee
Pes Anserine Bursitis
Cyclist's Knee
Knee Synovitis
Water on the Knee
Patellar Tendonitis
Jumper's Knee
Pes Anserine Tendonitis
Cyclist's Knee
Iliotibial Band Friction Syndrome
Irritation of the IT Band as it crosses over the lateral femoral condyle
Posterior Cruciate Ligament
Sprain of PCL
Meniscal Injuries
Torn Cartilage
Osteochondritis Dissecans
"Joint Mice"
Petellofemoral Arthralgia (PFA)
Catch-All Term for Knee Pain
Chondromalagia
Gradual degenerative process of the underside of the patella; roughening up of the underside of the patella like sand paper
Plica
Folds in the joint lining of the knee that are remnants of embryonic tissue
Patella Fracture
Broken Knee Cap
Medial Collateral Ligament
Sprain of the MCL; Valgus Instability
Lateral Collateral Ligament
Sprain of the LCL; Varsus Instability
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
Sprain of the ACL
Achilles Tendon Strain
Stretching or Tearing of the Achilles Tendon
Achilles Tendon Rupture
Complete tear of the Achilles Tendon
Plantaris Rupture
Rupture of the Plantaris Muscle; "Fool's Nerve Injury"
Compartment Syndrome
Compression w/in the anterior compartment
Calf Strain
"Tennis Leg"; Strain to the Gastroc
Shin Splints
Medial Tibial Stress
Stress Fractures
Incomplete Break in the Bone
Fractures
Broken leg to the tibia, fibula, or both
Inversion Ankle Sprain
Lateral Ankle Sprain
Eversion Ankle Sprain
Medial Ankle Sprain; Stretching or tearing of Deltoid Ligament
Syndesmosis
"High Ankle Sprain"
5 Ways to Prevent Ankle Injuries
1) Achilles Tendon Stretching (2 Positions)

2) Strength Training

3) Proprioceptive Training

4) Proper Footwear

5) Preventative Ankle Bracing or Taping
Achilles Tendinitis
Inflammation of the Achilles Tendon
Plantar Fascitis
Inflammation of the Plantar Fascia
Jones' Fracture
Transverse Fracture @ the base of the metatarsal
Dancer Fracture
Avulsion Fracture of the styloid process of the 5th metatarsal where the peroneus brevis tendon inserts
March Fracture
Metatarsal Stress fracture normally of the 3rd or 4th metatarsal
Lisfranc's Fracture
Fracture at the tarsometatarsal joint often associated with a dislocation of the joint
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Compression of the tibial nerve in the tarsal tunnel
Metatarsalgia
Pain in the ball of the foot; commonly associated with the 2nd or 3rd metatarsal head
Sesmoiditis
Inflammation of the sesamoid bones
Heel Contusion
"Stone Bruise"
Exostoses
Benign bony outgrowth that protrudes from the surface of a bone ("Heel Spur")
Sever's Disease
Stress on the apophysis of the calcaneus
Pes Planus
"Flat feet"
Pes Cavus
"High Heel"
Tinea Pedia
"Athlete's Foot"
Hallux Rigidus
Degenerative or Arthritic Change in Big Toe
Ingrown Toenail
"Unguis Incarnates"
Hallux Valgus
"Bunion"
Morton's Toe
2nd Toe is longer than great toe
Morton's Neuroma
Thickening/Inflammation of the plantar nerve
Turf Toe
Sprained Big Toe
Blisters (Bullua)
Fluid Accumulation below the outer layer of the skin
Callus
Thickening of the Epidermal Layer
Callus Durum
Hard Corn
Mallet Toe
Flexion of the DIP Joint
Claw Toes
Hyperextension of the MTP Joint and flexion of the DIP and PIP Joints
Hammer Toes
Hyperextension of the MTP Joint and a flexion contracture of the PIP Joint; the DIP joint may be flexed, hyperextended or neutral
Callus Molle
Soft Corn