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27 Cards in this Set

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Broad design of the overall system structure; also called general design or conceptual design
Architectural Design
Low-level design thatincludes the design of specific program details
Detail Design
Specialists in user-interface design; also called usability consultants or human factors engineers
Interface Designers
Architecture that employs a single computer system executing all application-related software
Single-computer Architecture
Architecture that distributes application-related software or processing load across multiple computer systems
Multitier Architecture
A group of computers of the same type that share processing load and act as a single large computer system
Clustered Architecture
A group of dissimilar computers that share processing load through specialization of function
Multicomputer Architecture
Architecture that locates all computing resources in a central location
Centralized Architecture
Architecture that deploys computing resources in multiple locations connected bya computer network
Distributed Architecture
A set of transmission lines, equipment, and communication protocols to permit sharing of information and resources
Computer Network
A computer network in which the distances are local, such as within the same building
Local Area Network (LAN)
A computer network spread across large distances, such as a city, state or nation
Wide Area Network (WAN)
Network equipment that directs information within the network
Router
A global collection of networks that use the same networking protocol - TCP/IP
Internet
A collection of resources such as files and programs that can be accessed over the Internet using standard protocols
World Wide Web (WWW), or Web
A private network that is accessible to a limited number of users, but whichuses the same TCI/IP protocol as the Internet
Intranet
An Intranet that has been extended outside the organization to facilitate the flow of information
Extranet
A loosely coupled group of people andresources that work together as though they were an organization
Virtual Organization
A network with security and controlled access for a private group but built on top of a public network such as the Internet
Virtual Private Network (VPN)
A process, module, object, or computer that provides services over the Internet
Server
A process, module, object, or computer that requests services from one or more servers
Client
A client-server architecture that divides an application into the view layer, business logical layer, and data layer
Three-layer Architecture
The part of three-layer architecture that interacts with the database
Data Layer
The part of three-layer architecture that contains the programs that implement the business rules of the application
Business Logic Layer
The part of three-layer architecture that contains the user interfact
View Layer
Computer software that implements communication protocols on the network and helps different systems communicate
Middleware
A model that shows how application layers are distributed across locations and computer systems
Network Diagram