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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
human organ sys
Cardiovascular system | Digestive system | Endocrine system | Immune system | Integumentary system | Lymphatic system | Muscular system | Nervous system | Reproductive system | Respiratory system | Skeletal system | Urinary system
cardiovascular sys
Blood | Heart → Aorta → Arteries → Arterioles → Capillaries → Venules → Veins → Vena cava → Heart → Pulmonary arteries → Lungs → Pulmonary veins → Heart
arteries
bring oxygenated blood to the tissues (except pulmonary arteries),
veins
bring deoxygenated blood back to the heart (except pulmonary veins).
bld
passes from arteries to veins through capillaries, which are the thinnest and most numerous of the blood vessels
digestive sys
Gastrointestinal tract: Mouth | Pharynx | Esophagus | Crop | Stomach | Small intestine (duodenum, jejunum, ileum) | Vermiform appendix | Large intestine (Cecum | Colon | Rectum | Anal canal) | Anus
Accessory organs: Pancreas | Gallbladder | Liver | Ducts: (Common bile duct | Cystic duct | Hepatic duct | Pancreatic duct)
gut
In a normal human adult male, the GI tract is approximately 7.5 meters long (25 feet
upper gi
Mouth (buccal cavity; includes salivary glands, mucosa, teeth and tongue)
Pharynx
Oesophagus or Esophagus (gullet) and cardia
Stomach, which includes the antrum and pylorus and pyloric sphincter
lower gi
Bowel or intestine:
small intestine, which has three parts:
duodenum
jejunum
ileum
large intestine, which has three parts:
caecum (the vermiform appendix is attached to the cecum).
colon (ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon and sigmoid flexure)
rectum
anus
endocrine sys
Adrenal gland | Corpus luteum | Hypothalamus | Kidney | Ovaries | Pancreas | Parathyroid gland | Pineal gland | Pituitary gland | Testes | Thyroid gland
endocrine glands
Hypothalamus produces
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH)
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)
Somatostatin (SS; also GHIH, growth factor-inhibiting hormone)
Dopamine (DA)
Pineal Gland produces
Melatonin
Pituitary gland produces
Anterior pituitary lobe (adenohypophysis)
Growth hormone (GH)
Prolactin (PRL)
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH, corticotropin)
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH, thyrotropin)
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH, a gonadotropin)
Luteinizing hormone (LH, a gonadotropin)
Posterior pituitary lobe (neurohypophysis)
Oxytocin (ocytocin)
Arginine vasopressin (AVP; also ADH, antidiuretic hormone)
Thyroid gland produces
Triiodothyronine (T3), the potent form of thyroid hormone
Thyroxine (T4), a less active form of thyroid hormone
Calcitonin
Parathyroid gland produces
Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
Heart produces
Atrial-natriuretic peptide (ANP)
Stomach and intestines produce
Cholecystokinin (CCK)
Gastrin
Ghrelin
Neuropeptide Y (NPY)
Secretin
Somatostatin
Liver produces
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)
Angiotensinogen
Thrombopoietin
Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas produce
Insulin
Glucagon
Somatostatin
Adrenal glands produce
Adrenal cortex
Glucocorticoids (chiefly cortisol)
Mineralocorticoids (chiefly aldosterone)
Androgens (including DHEA and testosterone)
Adrenal medulla
Adrenaline (epinephrine)
Noradrenaline (norepinephrine)
Testosterone
Kidney produces
Renin
Erythropoietin (EPO)
Calcitriol (the active form of vitamin D3)
Skin produces
Vitamin D3 (calciferol)
Adipose tissue
Leptin
Estrogens (mainly estrone)
[edit]
In males only
Testes
Androgens (chiefly testosterone)
[edit]
In females only
Ovarian follicle
Estrogens (mainly estradiol)
Corpus luteum
Progesterone
Estrogens (mainly estradiol)
Placenta (when pregnant)
Progesterone
Estrogens (mainly estriol)
Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
Human placental lactogen (HPL)
lymphatic sys
Lymph nodes | Lymph | Lymphocytes | Lymph vessels | Thoracic duct | Immune system | Bone marrow | Spleen | Thymus | Tonsils
integumentary sys
Skin | Sweat glands | Sebaceous glands | Hair | Nails
skin
Epidermis (Stratum corneum, Stratum lucidum, Stratum granulosum, Stratum spinosum, Stratum germinativum/basale)
Dermis | Subcutis
muscular sys
Muscular tissue | Muscle contraction | Muscles of the human body
Muscular types
Cardiac muscle | Skeletal muscle | Smooth muscle
nervous sys
Brain | Spinal cord | Central nervous system | Peripheral nervous system | Somatic nervous system | Autonomic nervous system | Sympathetic nervous system | Parasympathetic nervous system | Sensory system
urinary sys
Kidneys | Ureters | Urinary bladder | Urethral sphincters | Urethra