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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Declarative Sentence
Makes a statement
Imperative Sentence
Gives a command
Interrogative Sentence
Asks a question
Exclamatory Sentence
Provides emphasis or expresses strong emotions
Simple Sentence
Contains one indpendent clause
Compound Sentence
Contains two independent clauses
Complex Sentence
Contains an independent clause and one or more subordinate clauses.
Compound-Complex Sentence
Contains two or more independent clauses and one or more subordinate clauses.
Loose or Cumulative Sentence
Makes sense if brought to a close before the actual ending. (could cut off the end)
Periodic sentence
Only makes full sense when the end of the sentence is reached.
Balanced Sentence
The phrases or clauses balance each other by virtue of their likeness of structure, meaning or length.
Natural order of a sentence
Subject before predicate
Inverted Order
Predicate before subject
Juxtaposition
Normally unassociated ideas, words or phrases are placed next to one another for effect of surprise and wit
Parallel structure
Grammatical or structural similarity between sentences or parts of a sentence. Equal important elements equally developed similarly phrased.
Repetition
A device in which words, sounds and ideas are used more than once to enhance rhythm and create emphasis
Rhetorical question
A question which requires no answer. It is used to draw attention to a point and is generally stronger than a direct statement
Rhetorical Fragment
A sentence fragment used deliberately for a persuasive purpose or to create a desired effect.
Concrete
Possessing physical existence, capable of being experienced by the senses; the opposite of abstract
Abstract
The opposite of concrete -- general ideas like love and justice, rather than physical tangibles
denotation
Dictionary meaning
connotation
Emotional content
euphemism
A mild word of phrase which substitutes for another which would be undesirable because it is too direct, unpleasant, or offensive
cliché
a cliché is a trite, overused expression that lacks originality
Colloquial language
Casual diction- informal
Formal Diction
Large polysyllabic words, Standard grammar
neutral
correct grammar and non-complex sentences
informal
contractions, slang, poor grammar
Jargon
Vocabulary particular to a profession
General Words
Name classes or groups of things
Specific Words
Name members of a class or group of things (preferred over general)
Slang
Informal language- fine in conversation, not formal writing
neologism
new word, meaning or phrase- probably avoid
Sexist language
words that denote male or female: fireman, policeman, chairman, mankind
Regional language
Language that is specific to a particular region