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301 Cards in this Set

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ABACK
UNAWARES
ABAFT
AFT, ASTERN, BEHIND;
ant: forward
ABANDON
(1) FORSAKE; ant: reclaim (restore)
(2) RELINQUISH; ant: retain
(3) UNCONSTRAINT, NATURALNESS, SPONTANEITY, IMPULSIVENESS, IMPETUOSITY; ant: self-restraint
ABANDONED
(1) DERELICT
(2) DISSOLUTE/PROFLIGATE;
ant: scrupulous, upright
ABASE
HUMBLE;
ant: exalt, extol
ABASH
EMBARRASS, DISCOMFIT, DISCOUNTENANCE, FAZE;
ant: embolden, reassure
ABATE
(1) ABOLISH, ABROGATE
(2) ANNIHILATE
(3) DECREASE, DWINDLE
(4) LESSEN IN FORCE/INTENSITY; ant: revive, rise
ABATEMENT
(1) DEDUCTION, LOWERING (e.g. "noise abatement"); ant: addition
(2) SUBSIDING, DECLINE, EBB, MODERATION
ABBREVIATE
(1) SHORTEN, CURTAIL, RETRENCH;
ant: lengthen, extend
ABDICATE
(1) DEMIT, RENOUNCE, RESIGN;
ant: assume, usurp
(2) DISCARD, JETTISON, SLOUGH;
ant: keep, retain, treasure
ABECEDARIAN
AMATEUR, DABBLER, DILETTANTE, TYRO, UNINITIATE, SMATTERER
ABERRANT
(1) ABNORMAL, ANOMALOUS, DEVIANT, DEVIATIVE, HETEROCLITE, PRETERNATURAL, UNREPRESENTATIVE;
ant: true (to a type)
(2) ERRANT, DEVIOUS
ABERRATION
(1) DEVIATION, DEFLECTION, DEPARTURE, DIVERGENCE;
ant: conformity, regularity;
(2) INSANITY, ALIENATION, DERANGEMENT, UNBALANCE'
ant: soundness (of mind)
ABET
(1) INCITE, FOMENT, PROVOKE;
(2) HELP, BENEFACT
ABETTOR
CONFEDERATE (esp. sth. illegal), ACCESSORY, ACCOMPLICE
ABEYANCE
TEMPORARY INACTIVITY, DOLDRUMS, DORMANCY, INTERMISSION, LATENCY, QUIESCENCE, SUSPENSION;
ant: continuance
ABEYANT
LATENT;
ant: active, operative, revived
ABHOR
HATE, ABOMINATE, DETEST, EXECRATE, CONTEMN (treat w/ contempt)
ABHORRENCE
ABOMINATION (causes hatred), DETESTATION, AVERSION; ant: enjoyment, admiration
ABHORRENT
HATEFUL, ODIOUS, REPUGNANT, INVIDIOUS, OBNOXIOUS
ant: congenial
ABIDE
(1) STAY, LINGER, TARRY, WAIT; ant: depart
(2) CONTINUE, ENDURE; ant: pass
(3) BEAR, BROOK, ENDURE, TOLERATE
(4) RESIDE
ABIDING
ENDURING, FIRM, STEADFAST; ant: ephemeral
ABJECT
(1) EXTREMELY BAD/DEGRADING; CONTEMPTIBLE ("an abject sinner")
(2) TO THE UTMOST
(3) COMPLETELY WITHOUT PRIDE/DIGNITY; SELF-ABASING; ("an abject apology"); obsequious, groveling, fawning, toadyish, servile, cringing, sycophantic, submissive, craven.
ABJURE
FORSWEAR, ABNEGATE, RENOUNCE, RECANT, RETRACT, palinode (poetic retraction)
ABLAZE
(1) BURNING, CONFLAGRANT, IGNEOUS
(2) LIT UP, ALIGHT, SHIMMERING, INCANDESCENT, AFIRE, AFLICKER, AGLOW
(3) PASSIONATE, ADRENALIZED, ARDENT
ABNEGATION
(1) RENUNCIATION; ant: acceptance
(2) SELF-DENIAL; ant: self-indulgence
ABOMINATION
(1) SOURCE OF HATRED; ANATHEMA, BUGBEAR, DETESTATION; (2) AVERSION, DETESTATION, REPULSION; ant: esteem, enjoyment
ABORIGINAL
NATIVE, autochthonous (indigenous), ENDEMIC, INDIGENOUS
ABORTIVE
FUTILE, NUGATORY (futile), FRUITLESS, STERILE, BOOTLESS (ineffectual/useless); ant: consummated, frutiful, useful
ABOUND
TEEM (with), CRAWL (with), PULLULATE (be crowded, full of life)
ABOUT
(1) circuitously, round about, (2) at random, (3) near, (4) in reverse, (5) apropos (regarding)
ABOUT-FACE
REVERSAL, REVERSION
ABOVEBOARD
(1) STRAIGHTFORWARD, FORTHRIGHT, OPEN; ant: underhand, underhanded
(2) LEGITIMATE; ant: dishonest
ABRACADABRA
(1) the implausibly easy achievement of difficult feats
(2) language, typically in the form of gibberish, used to give the impression of arcane knowledge or power
ABRASION/ABRADE
*Wear away through friction
(1) graze, cut, scrape, scratch, gash, laceration, injury, contusion; sore, ulcer.
(2) erosion, wearing away/down, corrosion, scraping, scouring
(3) CHAFE, EXCORIATE, FRET, GALL, RUB
(4) ANNOY
ABRADE/ABRASION (ANALOGIES)
(1) lubricate:abrasion = seal:leakage
abraded:friction
(2) desiccated:dehydration
(3) scuff (scratch):abrasion = heat:vaporization
(4) abraded:friction = vaporized:heat
(5) abrade<>augment
ABREAST
(1) IN A ROW, side by side, alongside, level
(2) UP TO DATE
(3) FAMILIAR, ACQUAINTED, VERSED
ABRIDGE
*make less in some manner
(1) CURTAIL, DIMINISH; ant: amplify
(2) SHORTEN, RETRENCH (reduce/diminish sth), SLASH; ant: expand, extend
ABRIDGEMENT
ABSTRACT, BREVIARY, CONDENSATION (concise version of sth.), CONSPECTUS (summary, overview), EPITOME (summary, abstract), SYNOPSIS;
ant: expansion
ABROGATE
(1) ANNUL, discharge (cancel sth.), dissolve, void, quash, vacate (legally cancel/annul)
ant: institute
(2) ABOLISH, abate, annihilate, annul, invalidate, negate, nullify, quash, undo, vitiate (destroy legal validity of);
ant: establish, fix
ABRUPT
(1) SUDDEN (AND UNEXPECTED), PRECIPITATE, HASTY, HEADLONG, HURRIEDLY, IMPETUOUS, PRECIPITOUS; ant: deliberate, leisurely, gradual
(2) CURT (rudely brief), brusque, blunt, short, sharp, terse, crisp, gruff, rude, discourteous, snappish, unceremonious, offhand, rough, harsh; ant: friendly, expansive.
(3) BLUFF (direct, but in a good-natured way)
(4) STEEP, PRECIPITOUS, SHARP; ant: gradual, gentle
ABRUPTLY
FORTHWITH (immediately), SUDDENLY
ABSCESS
*swollen area with pus;
ulcer (open sore), ulceration, cyst, boil, blister, sore, pustule (small), carbuncle (severe), pimple, wen (boil), whitlow (near nails), canker; inflammation, infection, eruption.
ABSCOND
ESCAPE, DECAMP; ant: give oneself up;
**abscond:leave=steal:take
**abscond:depart=pilfer/sneak:take=secrete:store=lurk:wait
ABSENT/ABSENTMINDED
ABSTRACTED, ABSENTMINDED, BEMUSED, DISTRAIT, INCONSCIENT, PREOCCUPIED; ant: attentive
ABSOLUTE
(1) PERFECT;
(2) PURE; ant: mixed, qualified
(3) UTTER, COMPLETE; ant: partial
(4) AUTOCRATIC; ant: constitutional
(5) ULTIMATE, CATEGORICAL
(6) ACTUAL
(7) UNIVERSAL; ant: relative, flexible
ABSOLVE
EXEMPT, discharge, dispense; EXCULPATE, acquit, exonerate, vindicate;
ant: charge (with), hold (to)
ABSORB
(1) ASSIMILATE, IMBIBE, INCORPORATE;
ant: exhude, give out
(2) MONOPOLIZE, CONSUME, ENGROSS;
ant: dissipate (time, attention)
ABSORBED
INTENT, ENGAGED, RAPT, ENGROSSED; ant: distracted
ABSORBING
ENGROSSING, MONOPOLIZING; ant: boring, irksome
ABSTRACT (V)
(1) DETACH, DISASSOCIATE; ant: insert, introduce
(2) STEAL, ANNEX, APPROPRIATE
ABSTRUSE
RECONDITE, deep, esoteric, heavy, hermetic, occult, orphic, profound, secret;
ant: obvious, plain
ABUSE
(1) maltreat, mistreat, misuse, misapply, mishandle, misimprove, pervert, prostitute, exploit, take advantage of
(2) DECRY,depreciate, derogate; ant: praise
(3) TREAT W/O COMPASSION; ant: honor, respect
ABUSE (N.)
VITUPERATION, BILLINGSGATE, CONTUMELY (insulting lang./treatment), INVECTIVE, OBLOQUY, SCURRILITY (slanderous claims); ant: compliments, flattery, adulation
ABUSIVE
CONTUMELIOUS (scornful and insulting), OPPROBRIOUS (expressing harsh criticism), VITUPERATIVE, TRUCULENT, SCURRILE; ant: complimentary, respectful
ABUT
ADJOIN, BORDER, NEIGHBOR, TOUCH, VERGE (approach, border on)
ABUTTING
ADJACENT, CONTERMINOUS (sharing same boundary), CONTIGUOUS (same), TOUCHING, BORDERING
ABYSM/ABYSS
(1) GULF, CHASM
(2) HELL
(3) DEPTH, PROFUNDITY
ABYSMAL
BOTTOMLESS, fathomless, plumbless, plummetless, soundless, unfathomable
ACADEMIC
(1) SCHOLARLY, bookish, pedantic, donnish (pedantic/scholarly);
(2) THEORETICAL, speculative
ACCEDE
ASSENT, acquiesce, agree, consent, subscribe;
ant: demur
ACCELERATE
SPEED , hasten, hurry, quicken, shake up, step up, swiften;
ant: decelerate, retard (delay/hold back development/progress)
ACCENT
(1) PRONUNCIATION, intonation, enunciation, articulation, inflection, tone, modulation; related: BROGUE (a marked accent when speaking English)
(2) EMPHASIS, accentuation, stress; ant: inaccentuation
ACCEPTATION
**a particular sense or the generally recognized meaning ( common acceptation) of a word or phrase.
ACCESS
(1) An attack or outburst of an emotion; SEIZURE, FIT, THROE, ERUPTION
(2) DOOR, INGRESS, ADMITTANCE, ADMISSION; ant: egress, outlet
ACCESSION
(1) "the Queen's accession to the throne": succession to, assumption of, inheritance of.
(2) "accession to the Treaty of Rome was effected in 1971": assent to
(3) "recent museum accessions": addition, acquisition;
ant: discard
ACCESSORY
(1) AUXILIARY, adjuvant, ancillary, appurtenant, collateral, contributory, subservient, subsidiary; ant: constituent, integral, component
(2) CONFEDERATE, abettor; ant: principal
ACCIDENT
(1) CHANCE, FORTUITY, HAP, LUCK; ant: intent;
(2) CASUALTY, MISHAP
ACCIDENTALLY
INCIDENTALLY, CASUALLY, FORTUITOUSLY
ACCLIMATE
HARDEN , acclimatize, climatize, season, toughen
ACCOLADE
HONOR , award, badge, bays, decoration, distinction, kudos, laurels
ACCOMMODATE
(1) ADAPT, adjust, conform;
ant: constrain
(2) HARMONIZE
(3) OBLIGE, CONVENIENCE, FAVOR; ant: incommode (to inconvenience)
(4) CONTAIN
(5) HARBOR , bestow, domicile, entertain, lodge, quarter
ACCOMPANIMENT
(1) COMPLEMENTS/SUPPLEMENTS (COMPLETES); AUGMENTATION, ENHANCEMENT, ENRICHMENT
(2) ASSOCIATE, COMPANION, CONCOMITANT, CONSORT
ACCOMPANYING
CONCOMITANT, ANCILLARY, ATTENDANT, COINCIDENT, COLLATERAL (additional but subordinate), INCIDENT, SATELLITE
ACCORD; ACCORDANT
(1) AGREE, CONFORM, DOVETAIL (fit in together), JIBE, SQUARE, TALLY, CHIME (WITH);
ant: conflict
(2) GRANT, VOUCHSAFE;
ant: withhold
ACCOST
(1) To approach and speak to often in a challenging or aggressive way; CONFRONT, FACE, FRONT;
(2) ADDRESS
ACCOUNT
(1) DESCRIPTION
(2) FINANCIAL RECORD, ledger, balance sheet, financial statement
(3) BILL, invoice, tally; debt, charges
(4) IMPORTANCE
(5) CLIENT
ACCOUTER
FURNISH, APPOINT, ARM, EQUIP, RIG
ACCOUTERMENT
EQUIPMENT, APPARATUS, GEAR, HABILIMENTS (CLOTHING), MACHINERY, PARAAPHERNALIA, TACKLE, TACKLING, APPURTENANCES
ACCRETION
(1) ACCUMULATION (gradual), formation, collecting, cumulation, buildup, accrual; growth, increase
(2) ADDITION, extension, appendage, supplement
ACCUMULATE
(Usu. little by little): AMASS, cumulate, garner, hive, lay up, roll up, stockpile, store (up);
ant: dissipate
ACCUMULATION
AGGLOMERATION, AGGREGATION, AMASSMENT, CONGLOMERATION, CUMULATION, HOARD, TROVE
ACCUMULATIVE
CUMULATIVE, ADDITIVE (added in small quantities), SUMMATIVE (process of adding things together)
ACCUSE
BLAME, arraign, charge, criminate, impeach, incriminate, inculpate, indict, tax (confront s.b. with a wrongdoing);
ant: exculpate
ACCUSTOMED
CHRONIC, ROUTINE, WONTED
ACERBITY/ACERBIC/ACETOSE
(1) SOUR; ACERB, ACIDULOUS, TART
(2) SARCASTIC, CAUSTIC, CORROSIVE
(3) SHARP AND FORTHRIGHT; ACRIMONY, asperity, mordancy; surliness.
ant: mellowness
ACHIEVEMENT
(1) FEAT, DEED, EXPLOIT, TOUR DE FORCE;
ant: failure
(2) AQUIREMENT
ACICULAR
POINTED (needle-shaped), ACUMINATE, ACUTE, CUSPIDATE, PEAKY, PIKED
ACID
SOUR
ant: sweet, alkaline (basic), basic (as in acids v. bases)
ACIDULOUS
SOUR
ant: SACCHARINE
ACME
APEX , apogee, capstone, climax, culmination, meridian, peak, pinnacle, summit, zenith
ACOUSTIC
*Relating to sound/hearing; AUDITORY, AUDILE, AURAL (relating to hearing)
ACQUIESCE
(tacitly/passively)
ASSENT, accede, agree, consent, subscribe;
ant: object, rebel
ACQUIESCENT
(1) COMPLIANT, cooperative, willing, obliging, agreeable, amenable, tractable, persuadable, pliant, flexible, unprotesting
(2) SERVILE, subservient, obsequious, self-effacing, unassertive, yielding, biddable, docile, deferential; obeisant, longanimous.
ACQUISITION
ACQUIREMENT, accomplishment, achievement, attainment, finish;
ant: divestiture, forfeiture
ACQUISITIVE
GREEDY, covetous, avaricious, possessive, grasping, grabbing, predatory, avid, rapacious, mercenary, materialistic;
ant: abnegating
ACQUIT
(1) EXCULPATE, EXONERATE
(2) BEHAVE (oneself), conduct oneself, perform (e.g. one's duties), act, comport, conduct
ACRID
ASTRINGENT (sharp/severe/bitter), austere, harsh, irritating;
ant: savory, gentle
ACRIMONIOUS
ANGRY, indignant, irate, ireful, mad, wrathful, wrathy, wroth, wrothful, wrothy;
ant: irenic, peaceable
ACTIVATE
OPERATE, ENERGIZE, TRIGGER, TRIP, VITALIZE;
ant: arrest
ACTOR
IMPERSONATOR, MIME, MIMIC, MUMMER (mime actor), PERFORMER, PLAYER, THESPIAN, TROUPER
ACTUAL
(1) EXISTING, EXTANT;
possible, potential
(2) ABSOLUTE, FACTUAL;
ant: apparent, nominal
(3) REAL, VERIDICAL (real, truthful);
ant: ideal, imaginary
ACUMEN
WIT, ASTUTENESS, PERSPICACITY;
ant: obtuseness, obtusity
ACUTE
(1) POINTED (SEE ACUMINATE);
ant: blunt
(2) SHARP, KEEN, PENETRATIVE
ant: obtuse
(3) SHARP, SHRILL (SOUND);
ant: grave
(4) SEVERE;
ant: negligible
BYWORD
(1) PERFECT EXAMPLE, classic case, model, exemplar, embodiment
(2) SLOGAN, motto, maxim, mantra, catchword, watchword, adage, saw (proverb, maxim)
ADAMANT/ADAMANTINE
INFLEXIBLE, inexorable, obdurate, relentless;
ant: yielding, vacillatory
ADAPT
accommodate, adjust, conform, fit, quadrate (make square), reconcile, square;
ant: unfit, remain unchanged
ADD
(1) ANNEX, APPEND, SUBJOIN, SUPERADD;
ant: deduct, subtract
(2) CAST, FIGURE, SUM, SUMMATE, TOTAL, TALLY
ADDENDUM
APPENDIX, CODICIL, RIDER, SUPPLEMENT
ADDICT
HABITUATE;
ant: wean
ADDLE
CONFUSE, BEFUDDLE, BEWILDER;
ant: refresh (mentally)
ADDRESS (N.)
(1) Skill, dexterity, or readiness
("to bring off such a coup requires address"); sleight, prowess, adroitness
(2) TACT;
ant: maladroitness
ADDUCE
CITE, PROFFER, PROPOSE, ADVANCE
ADHERENT
FOLLOWER, cohort, disciple, henchman, partisan, sectary, sectator, supporter;
ant: renegade, opponent, recreant
ADHESIVE
GLUE, fixative, gum, paste, cement, mucilage; (ADJ:) viscous, viscid
ADIPOSE/ADIPOSITY
FATTY
ADIT
DOOR (to a mine); ACCESS, ENTRY, INGRESS, WAY, ADMISSION, ADMITTANCE
ADJACENT/ADJOIN
NEIGHBORING, CONTIGUOUS (SEE ABUT)
ADJOURN
DEFER, delay, postpone, shelve, prorogate, prorogue, recess;
ant: convoke, convene
ADJUDGE/ADJUDICATE
JUDGE, TRY, RESOLVE, ARBITRATE
AD-LIB
IMPROVISE, EXTEMPORIZE
ADMINISTER
(1) MANAGE
(2) DISPENSE, ALLOT, DISBURSE
(3) INFLICT, METE OUT
ADMIT
(1) ant: eject, expel
(2) ant: gainsay
(3) INTRODUCE; ant: exclude
ADMIXTURE
(1) Something mixed with something else (usu. minor); ADULTERANT, ALLOY, DENATURANT (added to alcohol to make it unsuitable for drinking);
(2) COMPOUND, AMALGAM
ADMONISH
(Usu. in calmly, solicitously, earnestly): REPROVE, call down, chide;
ant: commend
ADMONITORY
MONITORY, CAUTIONARY, MONITORIAL
ADORN
(To add sth. nonessential): BEAUTIFY, BEDECK, DECK, EMBELLISH, GARNISH, DECORATE, ORNAMENT, TRIM
AD REM
RELEVANT ("to the matter"), APROPOS, GERMANE, PERTINENT, MATERIAL
ADROIT
SKILLFUL, CANNY (showing shrewdness and good judgment, esp. with money/business), NIMBLE, CLEVER, DEXTEROUS, ASTUTE
ADSCITITOUS
A SUPPLEMENT; NOT INTEGRAL/INTRINSIC
ADULATION
(Excessive/Servile): FLATTERY, BLANDISHMENT, BLARNEY
ADULTERATE
DEBASE, doctor, dope (up), sophisticate (to mislead/corrupt through sophistry);
ant: refine
ADUMBRATE/ADUMBRATION
FORESHADOW, HINT, PREFIGURE, AUGUR, SKETCH, OUTLINE, SUGGEST, OBSCURE, UMBRA, PENUMBRA, SHADE, UMBRAGE (shadow);
ant: revelation
ADVANCED
(1) ant: backward
(2) NEW AND NOT YET ACCEPTED GENERALLY;
ant: conservative
ADVANCEMENT
ant: DEGRADATION, DETERIORATION, ATROPHY, DECAY
ADVENTITIOUS
(1) THROUGH CHANCE; CASUAL, RANDOM, SERENDIPITOUS
(2) COMING FROM OUTSIDE; NOT NATIVE; SUPERVENIENT (depending on sth else's existence);
ant: inherent
ADVERSE
(1) UNFAVORABLE;
ant: auspicious
(2) DETRIMENTAL, DELETERIOUS;
ant: beneficial;
(3) HOSTILE;
ant: friendly
ADVERT
To turn the mind/attention to; REFER, ALLUDE
ADVISABLE
EXPEDIENT, POLITIC, PRUDENT, JUDICIOUS, ADVANTAGEOUS
ADVERTISE
DECLARE, announce, annunciate, blazon, broadcast, bruit (about), proclaim, promulgate
ADVOCATE (N.)
EXPONENT, champion, expounder, proponent, supporter, apostle;
ant: critic
ADVOCATE (V.)
ESPOUSE, COUNTENANCE (weaker--support/tolerate), CHAMPION;
ant: impugn (call into question)
AEGIS
DEFENSE, AUSPICES
AEREATE
*To supply (the blood) with oxygen by respiration
*aerate:oxygen=hydrate:water
*aerate<>remove air from
AERIAL
AIRY, atmospheric, pneumatic, skyscraping, soaring, ethereal, vaporous, vapory, LOFTY
AESTHETE
CONNOISSEUR, COGNOSCENTE
AFFABLE
GRACIOUS, congenial, cordial, genial, sociable,sonsy, amiable;
ant: reserved, unfriendly
AFFECTATION
(1) PRETENSION, pretentiousness, affectedness, artificiality, posturing, posing; airs (and graces);
ant: artlessness, natural/genuine, unpretentious
(2) FACADE, front, show, appearance, pretense, simulation, posture, pose, contrived
AFFILIATED
RELATED, AGNATE (descended from same male), AKIN, COGNATE (connected), CONNATE (same nature, allied), CONNATURAL, CONSANGUINE
AFFINITY
(1) ATTRACTION, SYMPATHY
(2) SIMILARITY, ANALOGY, SIMILE
AFFLICT
(1) HARROW, RACK, SMITE/BE SMITTEN, WRING (cause pain/distress)
(2) TRIAL, calvary, cross, crucible (place/occasion of severe test/trial), ordeal, tribulation, visitation (disaster; usu. regarded as divine punishment);
ant: consolation, solace
AFFLUENT
RICH, moneyed, opulent, wealthy, plutocratic;
ant: impecunious, straitened (poor)
AFFRANCHISE
FREE FROM SERVITUDE, ENFRANCHISE, FRANCHISE
AFFRAY
FIGHT IN A PUBLIC PLACE; BRAWL, BROIL, DONNYBROOK (scene of uproar), FRACAS, MELEE, ROW, SCRIMMAGE (confused struggle/fight)
AFFRIGHT
ant: embolden, nerve (to brace oneself mentally to face a demanding situation)
AFFRONT
INSULT, offend (the modesty/values of), mortify, provoke, pique (be resentful, usu. after slight to pride), wound, hurt; put out, irk, rankle, vex, gall; outrage, scandalize, disgust;
Noun: CONTUMELY, INDIGNITY, DESPITE (outrage, indignity)
AFFICIONADO
CONNOISSEUR, expert, authority, specialist, pundit; enthusiast, devotee
AFIELD
AMISS; TO OR AT A DISTANCE
AFRESH
ANEW, AGAIN
AFT
ABAFT;
ant: fore
AGAPE
WIDE OPEN, ESP. W/ SURPRISE/WONDER
AGENCY
(1) ACTION, VEHICLE
(2) INTERVENTION, intercession, involvement, good offices; auspices, aegis.
AGENDA
PROGRAM, calendar, card, docket, programma, schedule, timetable
AGENT
(1) REPRESENTATIVE, emissary, envoy, go-between, proxy;
ant: principal
(2) SPY
(3) VEHICLE, MEAN
AGE-OLD
ANTEDILUVIAN, ANTIQUE, HOARY, VENERABLE, TIMEWORN
AGGLOMERATE/AGGLOMERATION
SEE ACCUMULATION
AGGRANDIZE
(1) INCREASE, augment, boost, enlarge, expand, extend, heighten, magnify, sublime
(2) EXALT (beyond what is just);
ant: belittle, efface, relegate, disparage
AGGRAVATE
(1) INTENSIFY, COMPOUND, EXACERBATE;
ant: alleviate, improve
(2) IRRITATE, GALL, PIQUE, EXASPERATE, GRATE, NETTLE, PEEVE, PROVOKE;
ant: appease
AGGREGATE
agglomerate, agglomeration, aggregation, conglomerate, conglomeration, composite, gross, total;
ant: individual parts (constituent, element)
AGGRIEVED
Feeling resentment at having been unfairly treated; RESENTFUL, WRONGED
AGILE
(1) NIMBLE, lithe, supple, limber, acrobatic, fleet, lightsome, brisk, sprightful, volant (moves fast);
ant: clumsy, stiff
(2) (Mental): ALERT, sharp, acute, shrewd, astute, perceptive, quick-witted;
ant: slow, dull, torpid
AGITATE
(1) UPSET, PERTURB, DISCONCERT, FAZE, FLUSTER, FLURRY
(2) CAMPAIGN (e.g. "agitate for women's rights")
(3) STIR (e.g., water), whisk, churn, beat
AGNATE
SEE AFFILIATED
AGOG
EAGER, IMPATIENT, CURIOUS, KEEN;
ant: aloof (uninterested/uninvolved, usu. through distaste)
AGONIZE
WORRY, FRET, WRESTLE (WITH); WRITHE
AGONIZING
HARROWING, EXCRUCIATING, RACKING, TORTUROUS
AGONY
DISTRESS, dolor, misery, passion, suffering
AGRARIAN
AGRICULTURAL, RURAL, SYLVAN, GEORGIC
AGRESTAL
GROWING WILD IN CULTIVATED FIELDS
AGRESTIC
RURAL
AGROUND
GROUNDED, ASHORE, SHIPWRECKED, BEACHED;
ant: afloat
AIMLESS
RANDOM, DESULTORY, HAPHAZARD, INDISCRIMINATE, IRREGULAR, PURPOSELESS
AIR (N.)
(1) EXPRESSION, appearance, look, impression, aspect, aura, mien, countenance, manner, bearing, tone;
(2) (GIVING AIRS): POSE, AFFECTATION
(3) TUNE, SONG (from "aria"); MELODY, MEASURE, WARBLE, DESCANT (melodious song), MELISMA (group of notes sung to a text), STRAIN (melody)
AIR (V.)
EXPRESS, VENT, VENTILATE, BROADCAST, MAKE PUBLIC
AIRLESS
(1) STUFFY, SUFFOCATING, SULTRY
(2) NOT WINDY; STILL
AIRY
(1) WELL VENTILATED, fresh; spacious, uncluttered; light, bright;
ant: stuffy
(2) NONCHALANT, casual, breezy, flippant, insouciant, heedless ("airy unconcern for the economy");
ant: serious
(3) DELICATE, soft, fine, feathery, insubstantial;
ant: heavy, dense, substantial
(4) SEE AERIAL;
(5) ELASTIC, BOUYANT, EFFERVESCENT, EXPANSIVE
(6) GRACEFULNESS, ELEGANCE
ALACRITY
DISPATCH, expedition, goodwill, promptitude, readiness, eagerness, willingness;
ant: dilatoriness/reluctance
ALARM
(1) WARNING, SIREN, HORN, TOCSIN
(2) FEAR, TREPIDATION
ALBUM
(1) SCRAPBOOK, register, collection, treasury
(2) RECORD
ALCOVE
(1) RECESS, niche, nook, bay; arbor, bower (garden alcove, summerhouse)
(2) SUMMERHOUSE: belvedere, gazebo, pavilion, arbor, bower
ALERT
(1) VIGILANT;
ant: inattentive
(2) QUICK-WITTED
(3) LIVELY;
ant: inert
ALFRESCO
OUTDOOR, OPEN-AIR, HYPAETHRAL (no roof; open to air)
ALIEN
EXTRINSIC, EXTRANEOUS, FOREIGN;
ant: akin, assimilable
ALIENATE
(1) ESTRANGE;
ant: unite, reunite
(2) (Legal): TRANSFER OWNERSHIP TO ANOTHER
ALIGHT
(1) DESCEND, DISEMBARK, DEPLANE, DETRAIN, DISMOUNT, SETTLE, PERCH;
ant: board, fly off
(2) BURNING, RESPLENDENT
ALIGN
LINE (UP), RANGE (arrange in rows)
ALIMENT/ALIMENTARY
FOOD, SUSTENANCE; NUTRITIOUS
ALLAY
RELIEVE, alleviate, assuage, lighten, mitigate, mollify, lull, tranquilize, calm;
ant: intensify
ALLEGORY
FIGURATION, symbolism, symbolization, typification; APOLOGUE, fable, myth, parable
ALLERGY
(1) hypersensitivity, sensitivity, allergic reaction; anaphylaxis (life-threatening allergic reaction)
(2) AVERSION, antipathy
ALLEVIATE
RELIEVE, allay, assuage, ease, lighten, mitigate, mollify;
ant: aggravate, exacerbate
ALLOCATE
DISTRIBUTE FOR A PARTIC. PURPOSE; DESIGNATE, EARMARK, ALLOT, APPORTION (divide and allocate; assign), METE OUT
ALLOCUTION
a formal speech giving advice or a warning; ADDRESS, LECTURE, TALK
ALLOTMENT
QUOTA, share, ration, grant, allocation, allowance, QUANTUM (share/portion/required or allowed amount)
ALLOW
ant: inhibit; disallow
ALLOWANCE
(1) PERMITTED AMOUNT/QUANTITY
(2) PAYMENT, REMITTANCE, STIPEND
(3) CONCESSION, REDUCTION, DISCOUNT
ALLOY
(1) MIXTURE, amalgam, fusion, meld, compound, composite, union
(2) INFERIOR METAL MIXED INTO OTHER: ADULTERANT, DENATURANT, ADMIXTURE
ALLUDE
REFER TO (broadly), touch on, suggest, hint at, imply, mention (in passing), make an allusion to; advert to
ALLURE
ATTRACT, lure, entice, tempt, appeal to, captivate, draw, win, charm, seduce, INVEIGLE, beguile, fascinate;
ant: repel
ALOFT
ant: founder
ALOOF
(1) INDIFFERENT, DETACHED, DISINTERESTED, WITHDRAWN;
ant: familiar, outgoing
(2) UNSOCIABLE, SOLITARY, STANDOFFISH,
ALP
HIGH MOUNTAIN
ALPHA
BEGINNING, COMMENCEMENT, DAWN, GENESIS, OUTSET;
ant: omega, end of a series, final development
ALTER
(1) CHANGE, VARY;
ant: fix, preserve
(2) CASTRATE, NEUTER, GELD, MUTILATE
ALTERCATE
DISPUTE NOISILY/PUBLICLY; QUARREL, ROW, SCRAP, TIFF (petty), WRANGLE (long/complicated);
ant: concur
ALTERITY
DISSIMILARITY, OTHERNESS, DISCREPANCY
ALTERNATE (V. & ADJ)
/ ALTERNATION
OSCILLATE, FLUCTUATE; INTERMITTENT, PERIODIC, RECURRENT;
ant: consecutive
ALTRUISTIC
CHARITABLE, benevolent, eleemosynary (charitble), good, humane, humanitarian, philanthropic;
ant: egoistic
AMALGAMATE
COMBINE; alloy;
ant: separate
AMARANTHINE
EVERLASTING (an imaginary flower that never fades)
AMASS
ACCUMULATE, cumulate, garner, hive, lay up, roll up, stockpile, store (up)
AMATORY
EROTIC
AMAZON
VIRAGO, FISHWIFE (coarse woman prone to shouting), HARPY, OGRESS, SCOLD (nagging woman), SHREW, TERMAGANT (overbearing, bad-tempered), VIXEN
AMBIENCE
ENVIRONMENT, AMBIENT, MILIEU, MEDIUM
AMBIGUOUS
OBSCURE, amphibological, equivocal,opaque, uncertain, unclear, tenebrous (dark/obscure), tergiversation (equivocation/evasive&dark statement), doubtful, dubious;
ant: explicit
AMBIT
SCOPE, extent, range, breadth, width, reach, sweep; terms of reference, field of reference, jurisdiction; area, sphere, field, realm, domain, compass;
CIRCUMFERENCE
AMBITIOUS
(1) EMULOUS (seeking to emulate; motivated by rivalry); VAULTING;
(2) GRANDIOSE;
ant: modest
AMBIVALENT
EQUIVOCAL, vacillating;
ant: unequivocal, certain
AMBLE
SAUNTER, DRIFT, LINGER, MOPE, MOSEY
AMBROSIAL
luscious, yummy ,aromal, aromatic, balmy, fragrant, perfumed, balmy, redolent, savory
AMBULANT
ITINERANT, AMBULATORY, NOMADIC, PERAMBULANT, PERIPATETIC, ROVING, VAGABOND, VAGRANT
AMBUSCADE
AMBUSH (SURPRISE, waylay, bushwhack)
AMELIORATE
IMPROVE;
ant: worsen, deteriorate
AMENABLE
(1) COOPERATIVE, acquiescent, biddable, docile, compliant, accommodating, obliging, pliable, tractable, complaisant;
ant: recalcitrant, refractory
(2) SUSCEPTIBLE ("many cancers are amenable to treatment"), receptive, responsive;
ant: unresponsive, resistant
AMEND
CORRECT, MAKE BETTER, AMELIORATE;
ant: debase, worsen, impair
AMENDS
REPARATION, INDEMNITY, QUITTANCE, RECOMPENSE, REDRESS, REPRISAL, RESTITUTION
AMENITY
(1) Conduces to comfort, convenience, or enjoyment; agreeability, agreeableness, amiability, enjoyableness, geniality, gratefulness, pleasance
(2) LUXURY, FRILL, SUPERFLUITY
(3) COURTESY, GALLANTRY;
ant: rudeness
AMERCE (V.)/AMERCEMENT
PENALIZE, FINE
AMIABLE
GENIAL, COMPLAISANT, LENIENT, MILD;
ant: surly
AMID
(1) MIDDLE OF, SURROUNDED BY
(2) IN THE BACKGROUND OF
AMISS
FAULTILY, incorrectly, wrongly;
ant: right
AMITY
FRIENDSHIP, goodwill, cordiality, warmth; concord;
ant: animosity, enmity.
AMNESTY
PARDON, ABSOLUTION
AMORIST
GALLANT (pays special attention to women), DON JUAN, PARAMOUR
AMORPHOUS
FORMLESS, INCHOATE, SHAPELESS
AMPHIBOLOGY
GRAMMATICALLY AMBIGUOUS
AMPLE / AMPLY
(1) SUFFICIENT
(2) COPIOUS;
ant: meager, scant
(3) SPACIOUS, commodious, capacious, roomy;
ant: meager, circumscribed
AMPLIFY
MAKE GREATER (AMOUNT, INTENSITY, IMPORTANCE): EXPAND , dilate, distend, inflate, swell;
ant: abridge, condense
AMPLITUDE
(1) MAGNITUDE, size, volume; extent, range, compass;
(2) BREADTH, WIDTH;
ant: narrowness
(3) EXPANSE;
ant: straitness, limitation
AMULET
CHARM, fetish, juju, luck, mascot, periapt, talisman
AMUSE
DIVERT (entertain, amuse), ENTERTAIN, RECREATE
ANABASIS
MILITARY ADVAVNCE, HEADWAY, MARCH, PROGRESS
ANACHRONISM
MISDATE, PARACHRONISM (error in chronology, esp. assigning a later date), SOLECISM
ANALECTS
A collection of short literary or philosophical extracts; ANTHOLOGY, ALBUM, MISCELLANY, OMNIBUS, FLORILEGIUM
ANALGESIC
Insensibility to pain w/o loss of consciousness;
ANODYNE , anesthetic, pain-killer;
ant: irritant
ANAEROBIC
Living, active, occurring, or existing in the absence of free oxygen;
ant: respiration
ANALOGUE
PARALLEL, CORRELATE, CORRESPONDENT, COUNTERPART, COUNTERTYPE, MATCH
ANALOGY
LIKENESS, METAPHOR, SIMILE, SIMILITUDE
ANALYSIS
(1) BREAKDOWN (into component parts), breakup, dissection, resolution, anatomize, decompose;
ant: synthesis, construct, compose
(2) EXAMINATION
ANALYTIC/ANALYTICAL
SYSTEMATIC, DIAGNOSTIC; LOGICAL, SUBTLE
ANAMNESIS
RECOLLECTION
ANARCHIST / ANARCHY
(1) REBEL, anarch, insurgent, insurrectionist, malcontent, mutineer, revolter, NIHILIST, TERRORIST
(2) DISORDER, LAWLESSNESS, MOBOCRACY, OCHLOCRACY (mob rule)
ANATHEMA
(1) CURSE, COMMINATION (divine threats against sinners), IMPRECATION, MALISON (curse)
(2) ABOMINATION
ANCESTOR
Antecedent(s), ascendant, forebear, forefather, primogenitor, progenitor;
ant: scion, posterity
ANCHOR
MOOR, FASTEN, SECURE
ANCHORAGE
HARBOR
ANCILLARY
(1) AUXILIARY
(2) CONCOMITANT
ANDROID
ROBOT automaton, cyborg, droid
ANECDOTE
NARRATIVE, tale, yarn
ANEMIC
LACKING FORCE, VITALITY, SPIRIT;
PALE, bloodless, pallid, waterish, watery
ANENT
CONCERNING, APROPOS
ANESTHETIC (ADJ. & N.)
(1) INSENSIBLE, BLOODLESS, numbing;
(2) ANODYNE;
ant: stimulant
ANFRACTUOUS
SINUOUS, CIRCUITOUS, CONVOLUTED, FLEXUOUS (full of bends/curves), MEANDERING, SERPENTINE, SNAKY, TORTUOUS
ANHYDROUS
Free from water and especially water of crystallization
ANGER
ant: gratify, pacify, calm
ANGLE (V.)
(1) FISH
(2) Seek something desired by indirectly prompting someone to offer it :
"Ralph had begun to angle for an invitation"
(3) SLANT AT AN ANGLE
ANGLE (N.)
(1) Gradient, slant, inclination
(2) Corner, intersection
(3) Viewpoint, perspective
ANGUISH
ant: relief
ANGULAR
(1) "An angular shape": sharp-cornered, pointed, V-shaped, Y-shaped. ant: rounded, curving
(2) "An angular face": bony, rawboned, lean, spare, thin, skinny, gaunt. ant: plump, curvy, rotund
ANIMADVERSION / ANIMADVERT
(Usu. uncharitable): ASPERSION, OBLOQUY, SLUR, STRICTURE;
ant: commendation
ANIMATE
MAKE ALIVE/VITAL, QUICKEN, VIVIFY, FIRE; ant: inhibit
*lassitude<>vim/animation
*animating = invigorating
ANIMUS
ENMITY, animosity, antagonism, antipathy, hostility, rancor;
ant: favor
ANNALS
HISTORY, CHRONICLE
ANNEX
(1) ADD
(2) APPROPRIATE, COMMANDEER, EXPROPRIATE, SEIZE, ARROGATE
(3) STEAL
(4) N.--SUBSIDIARY STRUCTURE; ARM, EXTENSION, WING
ANNOUNCE
(1) DECLARE, ADVERTISE, BLAZON, BRUIT
(2) FORERUN, HERALD, PRESAGE
(3) INDICATE, BESPEAK, BETOKEN, TESTIFY
ANNOY
abrade, bother, chafe, exercise, fret, gall, irk, provoke, ruffle, vex
ANNUL
ABOLISH, abate, abrogate, annihilate, invalidate, negate, nullify, quash, undo, vitiate;
ant: make legal, reform
ANODYNE
(1) ANALGESIC, ANESTHETIC, PAIN-KILLER; NARCOTIC, OPIATE, NEPENTHE (drug bringing forgetfulness)
(2) Not likely to provoke dissent or offense; uncontentious or inoffensive, often deliberately so
ANOMALOUS
ABNORMAL, aberrant, atypical, deviant, deviative, heteroclite, preternatural, unrepresentative, untypical;
ant: paradigmatic
ANON
SOON, SHORTLY
ANONYMOUS
innominate (not named/classified), nameless, undesignated, unnamed
ANSWER
ANTIPHON, REJOINDER, REPLY; RESULT, SOLUTION
ANSWERABLE
RESPONSIBLE, LIABLE, ACCOUNTABLE
ANTAGONISTIC
ant: favorable
ANTECEDENT
(1) CAUSE, DETERMINANT, OCCASION, REASON;
ant: consequence
(2) FORERUNNER, PROTOTYPE, PREDECESSOR
ANTHROPOID
ANTHROPOMORPHIC, HUMANOID
ANTIC
(1) PRANK, caper, dido(es), frolic, lark, monkeyshine(s), shenanigan, shine(s), tomfoolery, trick
(2) GROTESQUE, BIZARRE, FANTASTIC
(3) PLAYFUL, FROLICSOME
ANTICIPATORY
EXPECTANT, anticipant, anticipative, atiptoe, expecting;
ant: retrospective
ANTIDOTE
REMEDY, corrective, counteractant, counteractive, counteragent, countermeasure, counterstep, cure
ANTIPASTO
APPETIZER
ANTIPODAL / ANTIPODE
DIAMETRICALLY OPPOSED; ANTITHETICAL, POLAR, REVERSE; COUNTERPOLE