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16 Cards in this Set

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What is a ZIGGURAT?
A temple tower in the form of a truncated pyramid built in diminishing stages, each stage being reached by ramps.
BATTERED
the inclined or sloped sides of a wall
CRENELATED
Notched or indented, usually with respect to the tops of walls (such as battlements)
STELE
An upright, carved stone slab used as a grave markerand to commemorate historical events.
LOW RELIEF
shallow or shrunken carving in which the design barely projects from its background
HIGH RELIEF
deep carving in which the design projects quite far from its background
SINGLE SCALE
one system for determiningthe sizes of figures and or objects in a work of art used consistently throughout
DOUBLE SCALE
more than one system for determining the sizes of figures and or objects used in a work of aret, often based on the importance of certain figures; some figures will appear unnaturally smaller or larger than others
HIEROGLYPHS
a system of writing/communicating using pictures and/or sounds; could be used horizontally or vertically; meant to communicate with the gods
CANON OF PROPORTIONS
a set of rules that governed the relationship of all body parts
RE/RA
the name for the sun god
KA
the immortal human "substance"; the "other self" that was present since birth; this concept is similar to the Western idea of soul
IDEALISM
things as they "should be"; perfection according to the standards of a given time period
REALISM
things as they really are; when an artist tries to capture, to the best of his ability, what something acctually looks like- INCLUDING flaws
NATURALISM
rendering something in a believable or life-like way
FRESCO SECCO
a mural painting technique involving permanent (limeproof) pigments on dried lime plaster wall