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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Bacteria in their sporative stage are
most resistant to destruction
Passage of fluid through a cell membrane is called
Oxygen-dependent bacteria are said to be
The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called
Vaccination against a disease provides
artificially acquired active immunity
Staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by
nose and mouth
Clostridium perfringens causes gas gangrene and is classified as an
A foreign substance that stimulates the production of antibodies is an
The clinical syndrome characterized by microbial invasion of the bloodstream is
Inactivated bacterial toxins are called
Inflammatory exudate that is thick and yellow is termed
The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is
sking and mucous membrane linings
Rod-shaped bacteria are identified microscopically as
one of the most important factors influencing would healing is
operative technique
Herpes simplex is commonly called
cold sore
All of the following descriptors refer to the inflammatory process (heat, pain, edema) EXCEPT:
Clostridium tetani causes
A valuable laboratory ally in identification of bacteria is
Gram stain
A fulminating infection arising from necrotic tissue and spreading rapidly is
gas gangrene
Which bacteria is commonly found in soil
Clostridium tetani
The bacteria that causes rheumatic fever is
A severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called
anaphylactic shock
What organism is responsible for a boil
staphylococcus aureus
The organism most frequently found in burns is
Pseudomonas aeruginosa
A bacterial pathogen most frequently invading damaged skin is
Staphylococcus aureus
Which typee of wound would favor the development of gas gangrene
Gas gangrene is caused by
Clostridium perfringens
The bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disinfection is
If the intestine is perforated or transected during surgery, abdominal sepsis may result from
Escherichia coli
The burn classification that is characterized by a dry, pearly white, or charred-appearing surface is
Third degree burn
Clean cut wounds are classified as
Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of finction. The redness can be attributed to
vasodilation bringing more blood to the area
Removal of contaminated debris from a wound is called
The space caused by separation of wound edges is called
dead space
If tissue is approximated too tightly, it can cause
Tensile strength of a wound refers to
the ability of tissue to resist rupture
The substance that unites with thrombin to form fibrin, the basic structural material of blook clots, is
A cicatrix is
a scar
Keloids are
a raised, thickened scar
A wound that is infected or one in which there is excessive loss of tissue heals by
secondary intention
Following contaminated traumatic injury, the patient must be prevetativelytreated for
tetanus bacillus
The type of would healing that requires debridement is
To promote healing, a surgical wound must have all of the following requisites (suture closure of dead space, drains to remove fluid or air, a moderately tight dressing) EXCEPT:
Tight sutures to create tension
Wound healing that employs a technique allowing the wound to heal from the bottom up is called
second intention
A diffuse, inflammatory process characterized by pain, redness, and swelling is termed
A band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other is called