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150 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Root word adeno means
Gland
PRN stands for
as necessary
NPO stands for
nothing by mouth
Distal indicates a point
away from the body
Abduction means
movement away from the median plane
Prefix contra means
against
the term denoting a hernia of the urinary bladder is
cystocele
Bodily function that denotes intestinal motility is called
peristalsis
Root word edem indicates
swelling
Atrophy means
wasting away
A fossa is a
basinlike depression
Litho refers to a
stone
Hypoxia
is a reduction in oxygen supply to cells
Avulsion means
tearing away of a part
Dacryo refers to the
lacrimal gland
tears
Adrenal glands are located
above the kidneys
How many parathyroids are in the body
4
the islets of Langerhans are located in the
pancreas
Gland also known as the master gland is the
pituitary gland
What could occur if all of the parathyroids are removed
tetany
The lungs are covered in a serous membranous sac called the
Visceral pleura
the passageway for foods and ligueds into the digestive system and for air into the respiratory system is the
pharynx
The vocal cords are located in the
larynx
the function of the trachea is to
conduct air to and from the lungs
The nasal cavity is divided into two portions by the
nasal septum
Bones of the palm are reffered to as
Metacarpals
Muscles important in respiration are
Intercostal
The thick, fan shaped muscle that lies on the anterior chest is the
pectoralis major
The triangular muscle of the shoulder that adbucts the arm is the
deltoid
Which of the abdominal muscles originates at the pubic bone and ends in the ribs
rectus abdominis
One of the principal muscles of the pelvic floor is the
Levator ani
Gastrocnemius is the chief muscle of the
calf of the leg
A connective tissue band that holds bones together is called
A ligament
The two bones that form the side walls and the roof of the cranium are the
Parietal bones
The sternocleidomastoid muscle is located
Along the side of the neck
The medial bone of the forearm, located on the pinky side of the hand is called
Ulna
the bone shaped like a butterfly and forms the anterior portion of the base of the cranium is the
Sphenoid
The bone that forms the posterior portion of the skull is the
occipital
The lower jawbone is the
Mandible
The bone located in the neck between the mandible and the larynx that supports the tongue and provides attachment for some of its muscles is the
hyoid bone
the adult vertebral column has how many bones
26
The smallest vertebrae, forming a group of seven are the
cervical
Another name for the sternum is the
breastbone
The number of pairs of ribs is
12
The slender, rodlike bone that is located at the base of the neck and runs horizontally is the
clavicle
The cushioning mass within an intervertebral disk
the nucleus pulposus
The upper, flaring portion of the hibone is the
ilium
Large opening at the base of the skull through which the spinal cord passes is the
foramen magnum
The larger, weight-bearing bone of the lower leg is the
tibia
The bone that fits into the acetabulum, forming a joint is
The femur
The kneecap is also called the
patella
The membranes that line closed cavities within the body are called
serous membranes
the longest bone in the body is the
femur
A rounded protuberance found at a point of articulation with another bone is called a
condyle
A condition often occurring in old age, in which there is a generalized loss of bone substance due mainly to excessive bone resorption is
osteoporosis
The epiphyses are the
ends of long bones
The pigment granule that gives the skin its color is called
melanin
The membrane that covers the bones is known as
periosteum
A transparent structure that permits the eye to focus rays to form an image on the retina is the
lens
the purpose of the iris is to
regulate the amount of light entering the eye
The structure that is seen from the outside as the colored portion of the eye is the
iris
The nerve that carries visual impulses to the brain is the
optic nerve
The white outer layer of the eyeball is the
sclera
The posterior cavity of the eye contains the
vitreous humor
The structure that connects he middle ear and the throat, allowing the eardrum to vibrate freely is the
eustachian tube
The conjunctiva is the
covering of the anterior globe except the cornea
The number of pairs of spinal nerves is
31
the great sensory nerve of the face and head is the
trigeminal
the cranial nerve that contains special sense fibers for hearing as well as for balance is
VIII
The part of the brain responsible for maintenance of balance and muscle tone, as well as coordination of voluntary muscle, is the
cerebellum
The frontal, temporal, parietal, and occipital lobes are divisions of the
cerebrum
The area of the brain that controls the respiratory center is the
medulla oblongata
The largest part of the brain is the
cerebrum
The outermost covering of the brain and the spinal cord is the
dura mater
Cerebrospinal fluid circulates freely in the
subarachnoid space
The brain contains four fluid-filled spaces called the
ventricles
Another name for the tympanic membrane is the
eardrum
the winding, cone-shaped tube of the inner ear is the
cochlea
The stapes is part of the
auditory ossicles
The straw-colored portion of blood is called
plasma
The volume percentage of red blood cells in whole blood is called
hematocrit
A differential count provides an estimate of
the percentage of each type of white cell
Mixing of incompatible bloods may result in
agglutination
The portion of blood responsible for the clotting process is
platelets
In the normal adult, the average number of leukocytes per cubic millimeter of circulating blood is
5,000 to 10,000
A laarge superficial vein in the lower extremity, which begins in the foot and extends up the medial side of the leg, the knee, and the thigh, is called the
greater saphenous
The vein in the bend of the elbow that is coommonly used as a site for venipuncure is the
subclavian vein
The artery at the back of the knee is the
popliteal
The superior and inferior mesentreric arteries supply the
intestines
The vein that drains the veins of the chest wall and empties into the superior vena cava is the
azygos
The veins of the head and neck are drained by the
jugular vein
Which arteries supply the heart
coronary
The atrioventricular (A-V) node causes
ventricular contraction
Why would an aspirated foreign body be more likely to enter the right bronchus rather than the left bronchus
the right bronchus is more vertical, shorter, and wider than the left
The spleen filters
blood
Circulation that is established through an anastomosis between two vessels supplying or draining two adjacent structures is called
collateral circulation
Which artery supplies the head and neck
carotid
The serous membrane that covers the heart is the
pericardium
The circle of Willis is located
at the base of the brain
The branch of the external iliac artery that is located in the thigh is called the
femoral artery
The descending aorta terminates at the level of the fourth lumbar vertebra, dividing into
two common iliac arteries
The contractions of the heart are synchronizeed and regulaed by the pacemaker of the heart, called the
sinoatrial node
Tiny blood bessels that permeate and nourish tissue are called
capillaries
The wall or partition dividing the heart into right and left sides is called the
septum
the heart valve that closes at the time the right ventricle begins pumping, preventing blood from returning to the right atrium, is the
tricuspid
The inner lining of the heart, composed of smooth, delicate membrane, is called
endocardium
The spleen is located
in the left hypochondriac region
All of the following are parts of the lymphatic system : Tonsils, spleen, thymus) EXCEPT
Thyroid
The S-shaped bend in the lower colon is called the
sigmoid
The main function of the large intestine is to
reabsorb water and electrolytes
The terminal portion of the large intestine is the
anal canal
The double-layered structure that hangs from the lower border of the stomach, covering the intestines, is the
greater omentum
The first portion of the large intestine is the
cecuum
The appendix is attached to the
cecum
The primary function of the gallbladder is
storage of bile
When the gallbladder conracts, bile is ejected into the
duodenum
The area in the duodenum where the common bile duct and the pancreatic duct empty is called
the ampulla of Vater
The membrane lining of the abdominal cavity that covers the surface of most of the abdominal organs is the
peritoneum
The common bile duct is the union of the
cystic duct and hepatic duct
The yellow tinge in the skin symptomatic of obstructive jaundice is due to the accumulation of what substance in the blood and tissue
bilirubin
The head of the pancreas is located
in the curve of the duodenum
The valve at the junction of the small and large intestines is the
ileocecal sphincter
The portion of the small intestine that receives secretions from the pancreas and the liver is the
duodenum
The portion of the stomach near the esophagus is the
cardiac region
A peritoneal fold encircling the greater part of the small intestines, which connects the intestine to the posterior abdominal wall is the
mesentery
The balloonlike portion of the stomach that extends above the level of the junction with the esophagus is called the
fundus
The muscle serving as a valve to prevent regurgitation of food from the intestine back into the stomach is known as the
pyloric sphincter
The digestive passageway that begins at the pharynx and terminates in the stomach is the
esophagus
The point at which the esophagus penetrates the diaphragm is called the
hiatus
Pharyngeal tonsils is another name for
adenoids
Chisel-shaped teeth whose sharp edges cut food are
incisors
The parotid glands are located
under and in front of each ear
The salivary glands located under the tongue are the
sublingual
The liver has how many lobes
two lobes
The glomerulus is a
cluster of capillaries
The tubes or cuplike extensions that profet from the renal pelvis are called
calyces
Urine is transported along the ureters to the bladder by
peristaltic waves
The smooth, triangular area at the bottom of the bladder that contains three openings is called the
trigone
The kidneys are positioned
retroperitoneally
The functional unit of the kidney is the
nephron
Blood is supplied to the kidney by means of the renal artery, which arises from the
abdominal aorta
The indentation in the kidney throughwhich all structures must pass as they enter or leave the kidney is the
hilus
The outer layer of the kidney is known as the
cortex
The portion of the male urethra that passes through the pelvic floor is called the
membranous portion
Urinary retention is
failure to urinate
Urine empties from the bladder through a tube called the
urethra
Fertilization occurs in the
fallopian tubes
The perineum is
the area between the vagina and the anus
The small, sensitive structure of the female homologous to the male penis is the
clitoris
Ova are swept into the fallopian tubes by small, fringelike extensions on the distal ends of the tubes called
finbriae