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43 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Allen's test
Test for patency of ulnar artery (occlude radial and ulnar artery, then release radial compression)
Ballance's sign
Dullness to percussion in left flank/LUQ and resonance to percussion in right flank (splenic rupture/hematoma)
Battle's sign
Ecchymosis over mastoid process (basilar skull fracture)
Beck's triad
1. JVD
2. Distant or muffled heart sounds
3. Hypotension
(cardiac tamponade)
Bergman's triad
1. Mental status change
2. Petechiae (axilla/thorax)
3. Dyspnea
(fat embolism)
Blumer's shelf
Metastatic disease to rectouterine or rectovesicular pouch, creating shelf palpable on DRE
Boas' sign
Right subscapular pain (cholelithiasis)
Borchardt's triad
1. Emesis followed by no emesis
2. Epigastric distention
3. Failure to pass NGT
(gastric volvulus)
Carcinoid triad
1. Flushing
2. Diarrhea
3. Right heart failure
Charcot's triad
1. Fever/chills
2. Jaundice
3. RUQ pain
Chvostek's sign
Tetany elicited by tapping on facial nerve
Courvoisier's Law
Enlarged nontender GB seen with obstruction of common bile duct (most commonly with pancreatic cancer)
Cullen's sign
Bluish discoloration of periumbilical area due to retroperitoneal hemorrhage (e.g., acute hemorrhagic pancreatitis)
Cushing's triad
1. Hypertension
2. Bradycardia
3. Irregular respirations
(increased intracranial pressure)
Dance's sign
Empty RLQ
(children with intussusception)
Fothergill's sign
Mass felt when abdominal muscles are tensed = mass in abdominal wall (instead of intra-abdominal mass)
Fox's sign
Ecchymosis of inguinal ligament (retroperitoneal bleeding)
Goodsall's rule
Anal fistulae: anterior = straight, posterior = curved
Grey Turner's sign
Ecchymosis/discoloration of flank (retroperitoneal hemorrhage)
Hamman's sign/crunch
Crunching sound on cardiac auscultation (emphysematous mediastinum, Boerhaave's syndrome)
Homan's sign
Pain in calf on forced dorsiflexion of foot in DVT
Howship-Romberg sign
Pain along inner aspect of thigh (obturator hernia)
Kehr's sign
Severe referred left shoulder pain (splenic rupture --> diaphragmatic irritation)
Kelly's sign
Visible peristalsis of the ureter in response to squeezing or retraction
McBurney's sign
Tenderness at McBurney's point (1/3 of distance between ASIS and umbilicus)
(acute appendicitis)
Meckel's diverticulum rule of 2s
2% of people have Meckel's diverticulum; 2% of these are symptomatic; they occur within 2 feet of the ileocecal valve
Murphy's sign
Cessation of inspiration when the RUQ is palpated under the costal margin due to pain
Obturator sign
Pain on internal rotation of the hip while the knee and hip are flexed
(appendicitis/pelvic abscess)
Psoas sign
Pain on extension of the hip with the leg straight (knee extended)
(appendicitis/psoas inflammation)
Pheochromocytoma symptoms triad
1. Palpitations
2. Headache
3. Episodic diaphoresis
Pheochromocytoma rule of 10s
10% bilateral, 10% extra-adrenal, 10% malignant, 10% in children, 10% with multiple tumors
Raccoon eyes
Bilateral black eyes as a result of basilar skull fracture
Reynold's pentad
1. Fever
2. Jaundice
3. RUQ pain
4. Mental status changes
5. Shock/sepsis
(suppurative cholangitis)
Rovsing's sign
Palpation of LLQ resulting in RLQ pain
Saint's triad
1. Cholelithiasis
2. Hiatal hernia
3. Diverticular disease
Silk glove sign
Indirect hernia in children
Sister Mary Joseph's sign
Metastatic tumor to umbilical lymph nodes
Virchow's node
Metastatic tumor to left supraclavicular lymph node (classically from gastric cancer)
Virchow's triad
1. Stasis
2. Hypercoagulability
3. Endothelial defect
(risk factors for thrombosis)
Trousseau's sign
Carpal spasm after occlusion of radial artery by BP cuff
Valentino's sign
RLQ pain from perforated peptic ulcer
Westermark's sign
Decreased pulmonary vascular markings on CXR in patient with PE
Whipple's triad
1. Hypoglycemia (BG <50)
2. CNS and vasomotor sx (e.g., syncope, diaphoresis)
3. Alleviation of sx with administration of glucose