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30 Cards in this Set

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What are the 3 types of surgery classifications?
Surgeries are classified as to whether they are elective, non-elective, or emergency procedures.
What is an elective surgery?
Elective surgery is one that is not necessary to treat injury or disease.
What is a non-elective surgery?
A non-elective surgery is a procedure which is necessary to treat injury or disease but timing is not critical.
What is an emergency surgery?
An emergency surgery is a procedure that must be performed as soon as possible in order to preserve life.
Which type of surgery is it more commonplace for clients to shop around for price?
Clients are more likely to shop around for price with elective procedures.
How far around the incision site should be clipped?
Clipping should be performed 4 inches away from the expected incision site.
What are 4 common types of clipping/preparation styles?
Clipping styles include midline incision, orthopedic, paralumbar, and open wounds.
Which clipping/preparation style is most commonly used for abdominal surgeries?
A midline incision is most often done for abdominal surgeries.
What area is clipped for a midline incision?
For a midline incision, clip and scrub from xyphoid to pubis and from stifle to stifle.
What are is clipped for an orthopedic procedure?
An orthopedic procedure requires clipping from carpus or tarsus bones to dorsal midline of torso.
What are is clipped for a paralumbar procedure?
For a paralumbar procedure, clipping starts dorsal midline along spine from thoracic vertebrae 10 and 11 to lumbar vertebrae 5 and 6.
What are paralumbar procedures commonly used for?
Paralumbar procedures are commonly used for intervertebral repair.
What are 4 types of devices used for positioning an animal for surgery?
V-trays, sandbags, foam wedges, and rolled towels are used for positioning.
What are 6 common positions used for animals in surgery?
Common surgical positions include right lateral, left lateral, dorsal, ventral, perineal, and orthopedic.
Which position is the most often used for surgeries?
The dorsal position is the most common position utilized for most surgeries.
What is a perineal position?
A perineal position is one in which the hind end of animal is off the edge of the table.
How are animals positioned for orthopedic procedures?
Orthopedic procedures require suspension of an appendage with stirrups.
How much area around surgical pack is considered sterile?
Anything 12 to 24 inches around surgical pack is considered sterile.
What method is used to pour fluids during a sterile procedure?
The unsterile assistant will pour from 12 inches away ensuring that fluid bag does not come into contact with anything sterile.
What is the purpose of drains?
Drains are used in large wounds or cavities to drain fluid from them.
What are the 3 phases of post operative care?
The phases of post operative care are recovery, post recovery, and home care.
What monitoring is performed in the recovery phase?
In the recovery phase, it is necessary to monitor HR, RR, temp, MM, CRT, and check for hemorrhage and signs of pain.
Which 2 aspects of monitoring in the recovery phase are the most important?
HR and RR are the most important vitals to monitor in the recovery phase.
What are the 2 most things to check for in the post recovery phase?
The most important things to monitor for in the post recovery phase for hemorrhaging and pain.
What is monitored in the post recovery phase?
Post recovery phase monitoring includes HR, RR, temp, and checking for hemorrhaging and pain.
What 7 items should be included in home care information given to clients?
Discourage pet from licking or chewing, monitor incision for redness and swelling and discharge, notify that sutures should be removed in 7 to 14 days, watch for dehiscence, be aware of hypersensitivity to sutures with felines, offer printed information, and bandages should be kept clean and dry and provide good circulation.
What signs would indicate to a client that an incision needs to be looked at by a vet?
If it appears there is pressure on sutures, discharge turns milky or red, if redness becomes darker, or if there is a change in smell.
What is the ideal time frame for removing sutures?
The ideal time to remove sutures is at 10 days after surgery.
What are signs of dehiscence?
Signs of dehiscence are abnormal swelling, seromas, and a dripping wound.
What should clients do if there is wound dehiscence?
Clients should wrap wound and apply pressure, and get animal into clinic if there is wound dehiscence.